Spring garlic - what grade to choose?

Do you know how to distinguish spring garlic from winter and which varieties of spring garlic are considered the best? If not, be sure to read this article.

Today we will tell you about the peculiarities of spring garlic and which varieties are ideal for your site.

What makes spring garlic different from winter

Varieties of spring and winter garlic differ not only in terms of planting (spring is planted in spring, and winter in autumn). Very important indicators for them are the yield and shelf life. Spring varieties, as a rule, are less fruitful, but their bulbs are able to survive until the next harvest with virtually no losses. While winter varieties of garlic are mainly intended for fresh use and canning. And spring garlic (unlike winter) perfectly tolerates spring cooling. But they will not be able to survive the winter frosts.

Visually distinguish winter and spring garlic by the following features:

  • winter garlic has a central core around which teeth are attached. If you separate all the cloves of garlic, then only such a "stick" will remain in the center. Spring garlic does not have such a central core.
  • slices of spring garlic are arranged in a spiral in 2-3 rows (the closer to the center, the teeth are smaller), and winter teeth are placed neatly around the stem in 1 row.
  • winter garlic has fewer teeth and they are more even in shape and size. But spring garlic has more lobules, and they can differ significantly from each other.
  • Spring garlic teeth are smaller in size, but larger in winter varieties, and the harvest is higher.
  • spring varieties of garlic are non-gunned (except for the variety “Gulliver”), but winter crops are arrowed. They "throw out" arrows with air bulbs, which serve for reproduction.

To prepare the planting material, divide the garlic cloves and peel. After 4-5 days, sort them by size. Immediately remove all overdried, rotten and diseased specimens, and choose large and medium-sized healthy teeth for planting. Store garlic at a temperature of 16-20ºС, and 25-30 days before planting, transfer to a cool place with a temperature of 2-5ºС.

The best varieties of spring garlic

To get a good harvest, it is important to choose the right variety of spring garlic. We will talk about the 5 most popular and well-established varieties.

Victorio

Mid-season non-shot high-yielding variety. The bulbs are flat-rounded, with yellow-white dry scales. Disease resistant.

 

UseTasteNumber of teethBulb weight (g)Recumbency

 

semi-sharp

13-15

40

great

Gulliver

Medium late arrow high-yielding variety. Bulbs dense, flat-round, scales dirty-white color. Resistant to diseases.

 

UseTasteNumber of teethBulb weight (g)Recumbency

acute

4-5

90-120

great

Yelenovsky

Mid-season non-streaky variety. It has a stable yield and high quality products. Bulbs dense, round and flat-round. Outer scales are white, internal - creamy-pink. Resistant to major diseases of garlic.

 

UseTasteNumber of teethBulb weight (g)Recumbency

 

semi-sharp

15-18

17-23

the good

Yershovsky

Mid-season non-shot high-yielding variety. The bulbs are flat-rounded, with white dry scales. Resistant to diseases.

 

UseTasteNumber of teethBulb weight (g)Recumbency

semi-sharp

16-25

35

the good

Sochi 56

Mid-season non-shot high-yielding variety. The bulbs are round and flat-rounded, with white or purple common dry scales, as well as pink-brown or pink-purple cloves scales. Resistant to major diseases of garlic.

 

UseTasteNumber of teethBulb weight (g)Recumbency

semi-sharp

15-30

about 50

great

These varieties of spring garlic will allow every summer resident to get a great harvest. Choose the one that you like the most and meet the spring fully armed.

Watch the video: Sous Vide GARLIC EXPERIMENT! What's the best way to use GARLIC with your steak! (September 2019).