Want to increase the yield of cucumbers, but do not know where to start? We offer simple tricks, thanks to which you will receive twice as much green stuff. You can try all the ways in the complex or choose suitable for your site.
Cucumbers are one of the most beloved summer crops, so every gardener wants its fruits to be the most beautiful and crispy. Due to its simplicity, cucumber usually gives a good harvest. But the possibilities of this plant are much wider than it might seem at first glance! Therefore, try to use those tricks about which we will tell, and soon you will notice the first positive changes.
Reception 1. Helping to pollinate cucumbers
In the second half of summer, insects are no longer actively pollinating flowers, so it is worthwhile to attract winged helpers to your site. For example, spray the beds with a solution of sugar (100 g per 1 liter of water) and soon bees, wasps and bumblebees will fly over to a sweet scent. A crucial decision could be buying a hive.
Insect pollinators do not tolerate the smell of smoke, so in order not to scare them away from the site, do not burn vegetable waste, and fry kebabs away from the beds.
And you can take matters into your own hands and engage in artificial pollination of cucumbers. Using a soft brush, transfer the pollen from the male flowers (with stamens) - to the female (with the pistils). And soon there will be an ovary on the female flowers!
For those who grow parthenocarpic and self-pollinated cucumbers, these tips will be irrelevant. But if you prefer bee-pollinated varieties and hybrids - take a note.
Reception 2. Remove the side shoots from cucumbers
This technique is useful only for late planting cucumbers. It is in the second half of July that they are held. cradle - removal of lateral shoots and ovaries from the leaf axils. For early and mid-ripening varieties, the procedure is carried out until the middle of the season, and at the end of July two strong stepsons are left on the bush, so that they replace the fruit-bearing main stems.
Thanks to the pinching, the plant spends most of its energy on setting fruit, and in the future it will be possible to take a couple of kilograms more greens off the bush than usual.
One of the reasons for the lack of cucumbers or low fruiting is the presence of a large number of side shoots. Therefore, do not neglect the stewling.
Only stepchildren who have reached 4-6 cm should be removed so as not to damage the main stem and flowers. You can make pasynkovka hands or scissors. Pre-pull the cucumber leaf, and then remove the side shoot that hides behind it.
Particularly staving is useful for greenhouse cucumbers, because they often lack light, and this procedure improves the illumination of the leaves and the bush as a whole.
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Reception 3. Tying cucumbers lash
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Do you want to collect twice as many greens and at the same time protect cucumbers from pests and simplify harvesting? Then tie the lash! Plants less than 30 cm in length do not need to tie up, so as not to damage the stems. But more mature bushes can be placed on the trellis, arcs or grid. There are a lot of ways, but there are two main ones: horizontal and vertical. The first method is used for the whole bed, and the second - individually for each plant, therefore it is often more laborious.
Tied cucumbers will suffer less from mechanical damage, for example, when someone accidentally stepped on the leaves, as well as fungal diseases, the spores of which are in the soil and from there go to the plants.
Reception 4. Properly water cucumbers
Cucumbers are very moisture-loving, and if the water is not enough, then you can not wait for a double harvest. And those fruits that grow will be crooked and bitter. To avoid this, take a watering can in your hands and every 2-3 days (depending on weather conditions) pour 6-12 liters of water per 1 sq. M on the beds. In cucumbers in the greenhouse, the period between irrigation can be reduced to 1-2 days, and the dose of water increased to 10-15 liters per 1 sq. M.
Too zealous with watering is also not worth it, so as not to cause a surge of disease. Monitor the external condition of the plants. If the leaves are elastic, and the ovaries are strong - everything is in order, do not change the usual mode of watering.
Water for irrigation should be warm. It is better to use a watering can and pour water under the root. Ample watering and irrigation from a hose cucumber does not really like. The ideal time for the procedure is evening. On cloudy days, watering should be reduced, because the roots will practically not absorb water.
Reception 5. We feed cucumbers with milk and grass
It turns out that ordinary milk can accelerate the growth of greens and increase the yield by 1.5-2 times! The fact is that there is a lot of potassium in milk, which is responsible for the formation of fruits. In addition, after irrigation with diluted milk, beneficial microorganisms will begin to multiply in the soil, thereby improving plant nutrition.
To prepare the dressing, add 1 glass of milk to a bucket of water, mix thoroughly and pour all the beds. It is not necessary to exceed the concentration of milk, and in its pure form it is absolutely not recommended to pour it into the soil in order not to provoke the death of the plants. Use this dressing can be every 2 weeks until the end of fruiting.
Another natural dressing that will increase the yield and give cucumbers a special taste - herbal infusion. It is prepared very simply. Finely chop the nettle, bluegrass, wormwood and other herbs, fill them with a third of the bucket and cover it with warm water. After 3 days, strain the infusion. To feed 1 l of the drug diluted in 10 l of water.
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Reception 6. Mulch or spud cucumbers
It is mulching is one of the main factors that allows you to increase the fruiting in 2 times. And all because the mulch retains moisture in the soil (you can water the plants a little less), protects cucumbers from temperature changes that this culture does not tolerate, improves air circulation. The mulch garden looks neat: the fruits do not lie on the ground and remain intact longer. It is a pleasure to care for her, because there are no weeds!
As mulch you can use sawdust, straw, humus, peat and other materials, with the exception of siderates. When they rot, they can attract pests and trigger the development of pathogenic bacteria.
Usually, cucumbers mulch after planting seedlings in the ground, but in July to make this procedure is not too late. The main thing is to ensure that the mulch does not touch the plant stalks.
If for some reason you don’t like mulching, be sure to perform hilling, which will also help retain moisture in the soil and strengthen the root system. The fact is that after dressing the roots have already grown enough and they need to be covered with earth so that the bush is more resistant to the wind. In July, this is done 1-2 times, slightly raking up the soil to the stems.
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Reception 7. Loosen the soil in cucumber beds
For those with cucumber beds are mulched, this technique is irrelevant. All the rest after irrigation and rain it is worth slightly to gnaw the soil so that it does not form a crust. This procedure will take the air to the roots, which means that the ovary will be strong and not fall off. In the peat soil, it is sufficient to pierce the soil with forks in several places to a depth of 3-4 cm to improve air circulation.
It is impossible to abuse loosening in order not to damage the root system of cucumbers.
Reception 8. Increase the carbon dioxide content in the greenhouse with cucumbers
Greenhouse cucumbers for active photosynthesis often lack carbon dioxide. And, accordingly, the plants do not actively develop and bloom. To solve this problem is easy - put a barrel with a mullein in a greenhouse or greenhouse. And a rich harvest will not take long!
In professional greenhouses, dry ice is used to increase carbon dioxide levels. If you manage to get it, in the morning lay out in the aisle at the rate of 2 g of dry ice per 1 sq. M.
Reception 9. We protect cucumbers from adverse conditions, diseases and pests
If the cucumber leaves are constantly attacked, the plant is under stress and does not actively fruit. Therefore, walk around the landings gently or tie up the whip so that they do not lie on the tracks.
In the summer, heavy precipitation often occurs, which provokes the appearance of rot on cucumbers. Therefore, in time weed out the weeds that take food from the soil, loosen the beds and feed the cucumbers with potassium sulfate (15 g per 1 square meter; about 2-3 times before the end of the season). To protect against stress, you should spray the landing with Epin or Tsitovit according to the instructions.
To prevent diseases and pests from doubling the crop, powder the cucumber leaves with ashes or sprinkle with tobacco infusion (400 g per 10 l, leave for 2 days; ready to dilute the infusion with water 1: 1).
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Reception 10. Regularly harvesting cucumbers
Do not wait until the cucumbers become large, collect them every two days immediately after reaching 10-15 cm in length. This will stimulate the plant to more active flowering and the formation of new ovaries. It is best to collect in the morning or in the evening, so that the green leaves are longer resilient. Also remove all curves and damaged fruit so that they do not become a source of infection.
During the harvest, the whip must not be pulled and pulled. The fruit must remain on the plant. To remove the greenberry is better to use scissors, shears or a knife.
Now you can boast a double harvest and treat all neighbors with marvelous cucumbers. Keep this article for yourself so that next year you will not forget about the techniques described! And July is quite the right time for sowing cucumbers. See for yourself!
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