Winter Garden - a real oasis in a country house or city apartment. We tell what plants to settle in it, so that it pleases your eyes all year round.
Winter garden can be a very expensive pleasure. It requires good lighting, constant temperature control and a high level of humidity.
However, if properly planted plants are planted in it, all the work will pay off a hundredfold!
Plants for the winter garden in the greenhouse
Of course, the ideal option for a winter garden is a greenhouse. Not every country owner can afford a detached greenhouse with heating, but a warmed extension with large windows or a veranda - why not? This is quite enough to create a winter garden in a climate that cannot boast of high temperatures all year round.
The advantage of such a garden lies not only in the fact that you have the opportunity to enjoy the riot of greenery in the cold season, but also in that the additional extension protects the house from drafts and softens the microclimate.
Features of plant care
It should be borne in mind that the temperature in the winter and autumn in the greenhouse should not be "room". The optimal indicator of the thermometer in this case is 10-12 ° C. This is necessary to ensure a rest period for greenhouse plants.
Also during the season you need to pay attention to the requirements for the cultivation of various plants. Some of them will have to be rearranged in the shade in winter, while others - on the contrary, should be placed closer to the light, and in summer everything may be the opposite.
Watering should also be adjusted in accordance with the requirements of a particular culture.
It is also important to protect your garden from drafts, otherwise heat-loving plants can get sick and even die.
Another important nuance is maintaining the humidity level comfortable for plants and uniform heating of the room. Otherwise, in one corner of the greenhouse plants can languish from "thirst" and heat, and in the other - freeze and literally drown in an excess of moisture.
The easiest way to achieve uniform heating is to install a warm floor in the greenhouse.
Do not forget about good ventilation. If the extension is not ventilated, the soil in the pots may begin to mold.
In addition, natural lighting in the greenhouse can not do: overseas "sissies" require not only heat, but also a sufficient amount of light, and this is at least 10 hours a day. Therefore, when planning to build a greenhouse on the plot, immediately keep in mind that you will need good fluorescent lamps.
The ideal location of the winter garden is on the east or southeast side.
Aloe vera is a well-known plant that grows well at home and feels no worse in the conditions of a winter garden. Two main requirements of this culture: shading from direct sunlight and good drainage. From stagnant water at the roots of aloe can rot.
In the summer, bougainvillea is kept at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, in winter - at 12-16 ° C, so this plant is excellent for growing in a greenhouse.
There are many luxurious bougainvillea varieties with different shade bracts. Here are some of them:
- Bois De Rose (Bois De Roses)- change color from orange to pink,
- Double red (Double Red) - Crimson,
- Glabra (Glabra) - lilac,
- California Gold (California Gold) - golden orange.
Ferns - truly unpretentious plants that can be grown indoors and outdoors.
They can turn the greenhouse with a wet microclimate and comfortable temperature into a “Jurassic Park”.
In the winter garden is best to grow the following types of ferns:
- adiantum (curly fern),
- aslenium (Kostenets),
- Blechnum (Derbyanka),
Rhododendrons are luxurious shrubs, of which one endure fierce frosts, while others are best grown in greenhouses.
For your winter garden you can choose more thermophilic and undersized types of rhododendrons:
- Indian rhododendron,
- Japanese rhododendron,
- rhododendron is soft,
- rhododendron dense,
- rhododendron Smirnov, etc.
The best temperature for growing rhododendrons is 10-15 ° C. They can also carry temperatures well up to 18 ° C, but as the temperature increases, it starts to lose its decorative effect. In addition, this culture does not like direct sunlight.
That is why in the summer rhododendrons need to allocate shaded cool corners of the greenhouse.
There are many capricious species and varieties of roses, which are striking in their beauty, but, unfortunately, can not endure the harsh winter. For a greenhouse, miniature roses of the patio or floribunda group, up to 50-80 cm high, are perfect.
- Roses for a small garden - what types and varieties to chooseRoses can be grown in any garden, even if the territory does not allow planting large and spreading crops.
Fuchsia is an ornamental plant popular in Western Europe. But in colder climates, it can be grown except as a home or greenhouse plant.
In such conditions, fuchsia usually does not exceed 1 m in height. The most comfortable temperature for this crop is 10-12 ° C. And any temperatures above 20 ° C have a bad effect on her "well-being". In short, this is the perfect plant for the winter garden.
Eucalyptus - an exotic plant, but quite amenable to "taming" to the conditions of northern latitude. Of course, if you grow it in the greenhouse.
High summer temperatures and bright sun eucalyptus only benefit, and in the fall and winter, it requires a gentle decrease in temperature to 16-17 ° C.
Eucalyptus needs high humidity, so the container with the plant can be put on a pallet with wet peat.
When grown in greenhouses in cold climates, eucalyptus does not bloom, but grows quite quickly and wildly.
Plants for the winter garden in a separate room
If the size of your country house or apartment allows you to allocate a separate room for completely impractical needs, why not break a winter garden there?
The main advantage of the winter garden, which is located in the house, is that the temperature there is higher than in the greenhouse. Consequently, there you can break a real tropical garden of heat-loving plants.
Another advantage of such a garden is that it does not need to organize a separate heating system. It can be considered an economy option.
Features of plant care
The best temperature for a winter garden in a separate room is 20-25 ° C. At the same time note that in such a garden the air is drier than in the greenhouse, so you should carefully monitor the maintenance of humidity at 70%.
Equally important is the constant lighting of fluorescent lamps. Light day in the winter garden in the house should be 12-14 hours. On the other hand, the bright sun for its "inhabitants" is also unacceptable - plants suitable for growing in the winter garden, like scattered light.
To organize a winter garden, it is best to use a room on the southeast side of the house. It is also possible on the east or southwest, but by no means on the north or south side.
Aspidistra is quite popular as a houseplant. And this is not surprising, because it boasts beautiful large leaves and enviable unpretentiousness.
With high humidity and good lighting, this green beauty will grow magnificently and decorate your winter garden with its foliage.
There are various types of this plant:
- aspidistra high,
- Aspidistra grandiflora,
- aspidistra Sichuan,
- Aspidistra Attenuatus, etc.
All are suitable for growing in winter gardens.
The pride of the Hussmania is large beautiful spike-shaped inflorescences of bright yellow-orange or scarlet color.
These guests of the tropics grow well in indoor conditions. Their only "wish" - high humidity and a sufficient amount of diffused light (at least 10 hours a day).
Kanna is an exotic beauty who will become the main "star" of any winter garden.
In a greenhouse with low ceilings, it is best to grow cannes Crozi (French cannes). They are quite tiny - 0.6-1.6 m.
They can be distinguished not only by a small "growth", but also by a characteristic whitish bloom on the leaves.
If the ceilings in your house are high enough, and the room allotted for the winter garden is spacious, you can try to grow a date palm. Such a stately plant needs a lot of space, and just push it into a corner will not work.
The following types of date palm trees are commonly grown in winter gardens:
- canarian date,
- date palmate,
- date Robelena.
In the indoor winter gardens you can grow any kind of citrus trees: lemons, kalamandiny, kumquats, oranges, clementines. All of them will bloom and bear fruit in the greenhouse, subject to good humidity and protection from drafts. But in the greenhouse, where the temperature is slightly lower, they may be a little cool.
Look for more tips on decorating the winter garden in our material:
- 10 tips on arranging a winter garden in the apartmentWe talk about the principles of the organization of the winter garden. Everything is quite easy and simple.