Winter is around the corner, and there is the beginning of a new garden season. If you are already dreaming about the future harvest of peppers and eggplants, now is the time to start choosing seeds and look to the new early ripening varieties that can be grown even in open ground.
Last summer in central Russia was rich in natural disasters and warm, alas, not spoiled. But the inclement weather gave the breeders a chance to test high-quality seeds with temperature jumps, rains and even snow in early June.
But resistance to temperature fluctuations and good yield are not the only criteria for the selection of seeds of vegetable crops. Domestic breeders are constantly working to improve the characteristics of varieties. After all, every owner wants the plants in his garden not to be afraid of diseases and pests and, moreover, produce not only beautiful, but also tasty fruits. All these requirements correspond to the seeds of pepper and eggplant brand "ELITagro".
Descriptions of sorts of medium eggplants
In addition to eggplant, there is probably no other vegetable that would be the main ingredient in so many world-famous dishes. Judge for yourself: the famous French salad "Ratatouille", lecho, eggplant stuffed with cheese, pasta with eggplants - snacks from this protein-rich, glossy fruit are incalculable. Hailing from the Indian tropics, eggplant safely settled down in temperate latitudes.
Due to the high content of potassium, copper, iron and non-coarse fiber, as well as the ability to reduce cholesterol levels and regulate blood formation, eggplants are shown to elderly people and those who suffer from anemia, diabetes, liver and kidney diseases.
It is noteworthy that many modern varieties are also free from specific bitterness, which, however, is easy to remove by soaking slices in salty water.
Early - one of the earliest and high-yielding varieties. The period from germination to technical ripeness is 112 days, that is, the first fruits ripen in mid-June - early July.
The plant tolerates low night temperatures, gives a guaranteed yield in the open ground. The bush is low, compact, strong. Fruits until the first frost, at the beginning of summer requires light shelter, recommended for summer greenhouses. Fruits with tasty white pulp are suitable for all types of processing.
Medium early crop variety. Sowing seeds produced in the second decade of March. It is intended for cultivation in an open ground, and in the central and northern regions - under film shelter or in the greenhouse.
The bush is compact, 40-60 cm tall. The fruits are dark purple, glossy, weighing 200-300 g. The flesh is greenish-white, of medium density, very tender, tasty, without bitterness, with a small number of seeds.
Housewives will appreciate the variety for the shape of the fruit - it is easy to cut into rolls for the rolls, as well as even rings for frying.
Eggplant Purple long recommended for canning, pickling, other types of culinary processing.
A variety of medium ripening. Seeds are sown in late February - early March. In the open ground, seedlings are planted when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
Fruits are large (600-700 g), of large diameter, spherical or wide-pear shaped, well kept. The flesh is greenish, without bitterness, pleasant taste.
Eggplant Globular ideal for stewing, grilling, cooking caviar, canning.
Description of varieties of sweet peppers for greenhouses and open ground
The homeland of sweet pepper is the tropical regions of America, where sweet and juicy fruits grow in the wild. In areas with a temperate climate, pepper is grown in greenhouse conditions, since this culture is thermophilic and quite capricious.
But the benefits of sweet fruit is huge. They contain almost the entire "periodic table" - potassium, calcium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, copper and other elements. And besides, vitamins - C, P, PP, group B, beta-carotene. Pepper will benefit from anemia, blood diseases, problems with blood vessels, it reduces pressure, relieves spasms, speeds up the metabolism. Sweet pepper is the brightest and most tasty table decoration. Growing it, you forget the way to the pharmacy.
The variety is high-yielding, middle ripening, from mass shoots to technical ripeness of fruits - 120-130 days. Adapted to low temperatures and adverse weather conditions in the northern regions. The best time for sowing seeds for seedlings is from mid-February to early March. The period of fruiting is 30-45 days.
Fruits weighing 110-150 g, cuboid shape, wall thickness - 8-10 mm. The flesh is juicy, tender, sweet, excellent taste. Pepper is characterized by good keeping quality and transportability. And a variety New Russian resistant to verticillary wilt.
Mid-season fruitful grade for an open ground and film greenhouses. The period from germination to fruit ripening is 125-135 days. The best time for sowing seeds for seedlings - mid-February - early March. 7-10 days before planting, seedlings need to be hardened. It is transplanted to the ground when the threat of frost has passed.
Fruits of cubical elongated shape, bright red, glossy, with a wall thickness of 5-7 mm. Fruit weight - 200-350 g.
Pepper Red barrel ideal for making salads, stuffing, canning, freezing.
Mid-season high-yielding grade for an open ground and film greenhouses. The period from germination to fruit ripening is 100-125 days. The best time for sowing seeds for seedlings - mid-February - early March.
Fruits are medium and large (up to 150 g), rounded-cuboid in shape, bright yellow-orange in color, with a dense and thick (4.5-5 mm) wall.
Due to the excellent taste of pepper Goby suitable for canning and cooking fresh salads.
Variety of stable yield, average ripening period (on the 113-115th day after full germination). It is recommended for cultivation in an open ground. The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings - mid-February - early March. Fruits are bright red, conical, slightly ribbed with a wall thickness of 5-6 mm. Fruit weight - 75-100 g.
Excellent taste of pepper Bogatyr allow you to use the fruit for freezing, canning and home cooking: cooking salads and other dishes, as well as for stuffing.
Tips for planting seeds and growing seedlings of pepper and eggplant
The main rule - do not let the seedlings outgrow. This means that by the time of landing on a permanent place the age of seedlings should not exceed 55-60 days. In a greenhouse, young plants are usually planted in early May; seedlings should appear in early March; add another 7-10 days for seed germination and it turns out that the sowing should be carried out on the 20th of February.
The seeds of such thermophilic crops, like eggplants and peppers, must be preheated before sowing in order to remove them from dormancy. To do this, immerse them in hot (45-55 ° C) water for a few minutes, then dry them within a day and sow in loose fertile soil.
Peppers and eggplants for germination require air temperature not lower than 25-30 ° C, tomatoes sprout well at 20 ° C.
In the end of winter - the beginning of spring, the seedlings of light are not enough and so that it does not stretch out, it must be dimmed. In the middle-end of March, carefully pick out the seedlings of eggplant, not much digging them into the ground. It is better to fill up the soil in the pot or box later, beforehand providing for a reserve of free space. Tender seedlings of pepper are badly attributed to the picks, so it’s better to sow them immediately to a permanent place.
The seedlings planted in the ground must be healthy, with leaves of a rich dark green color and the first buds. If the seedlings managed to bloom, the flowers and ovaries must be removed. In early April, seedlings need to begin to harden. To do this, on a warm sunny day, you should open the windows in the greenhouse, thereby ensuring the flow of fresh air inside and reducing the temperature. At the beginning of May, the vents and doors can be left open for the whole day, shielding the plants from bright sunshine with light material or newspapers.
We hope that detailed descriptions of new varieties will help you decide on the purchase of pepper and eggplant seeds for sowing in the upcoming 2018 season before buying.