How to make a garden map

Before planting plants in open ground, you need to make a plan of plantings. This will help to avoid many mistakes, besides, a premeditated garden will look much more harmonious than a quick-set one.

Your plan of landings can look like anything: in the form of a handwritten list or a whole map. We propose to make something average: a schematic sketch that includes all the necessary information.

This plan will help you to observe crop rotation correctly. After all, having saved the schemes for several years in a row, you will be able to accurately change the location of crops in the garden beds. In addition, you will have the opportunity to more carefully select the neighborhood. Having painted everything in advance, you will receive a well-planned garden, which is a pleasure to care for.

Step 1. Draw a sketch of the beds

How useful garden map? It allows you to understand how much space you have for planting vegetables. Measure the beds and draw a map on a reduced scale (preferably keeping proportions). If there are high beds on the plot, they should also be included in the plan.

Approximate scheme of beds

Watch a couple of days for the sun on the site. This is necessary in order to find out which rows will receive more light, and which - less.

However, remember that in summer and autumn the lighting will change slightly. In addition, leaves will bloom in the trees in the spring, and spreading crowns will begin to cast a shadow. This, too, can not be ignored.

If this is your first experience in mapping, as you grow plants you can take notes on it for next year. The most convenient way is to have a garden magazine for this purpose.

Step 2. Create your wish list.

Before filling out the scheme, it is important to decide what will grow on your site in the new season. Make a list of all the vegetables and herbs you want to plant. If you are new to this business or just looking for inspiration, look through seed catalogs. In addition, make sure in advance that the selected plants will grow well in your area. Do not plant something that can not settle down. Choose habitual vegetables, not exotic ones.

List of favorite vegetables

Next, check with the timing of sowing seeds, as well as the harvest. In some plants, the growing season is very long, while in others, on the contrary, it is short. So if you plant some crops too late, then due to the autumn frosts you risk not to wait for the harvest. Therefore, at all stages of growing vegetables, it is important to adhere to clear planting schedules, and then transplant seedlings into open ground or greenhouse. Usually, planting dates can be found on the seed packaging. Do not forget to mark them on your scheme.

Different manufacturers indicate seed dates in different ways.

Step 3. Fill the scheme

Now you can start adding plants to the map. First, write them in pencil, in which case it is easy to change the arrangement of vegetables in the garden. Our garden is not too big, it accommodates two ordinary beds and two high. Since they are all well illuminated by the sun, we will plant root crops or plants with deep roots in ordinary beds. Crops with smaller roots will feel good on high beds.

Backyard scheme (draft)

If your garden is the same small, try conditionally divided the beds into squares. Knowing how many square meters you have in one sector, you can determine how many plants fit into each of them. For example, on 1 square meter of soil you can plant about 5 tomato seedlings. For information on other cultures, see the table below.

Culture

Number of seeds / seedlings per 1 sq. M

Eggplant

5-6 seedlings

Beans

12-18 seeds

Peas

40-60 seeds

Corn

8-10 seeds

Zucchini

1-2 seedlings

White cabbage

2-4 seedlings

Cauliflower

5-6 seedlings

Carrot

100-150 seeds

Cucumber

10-20 seeds

Sweet pepper

6-8 seedlings

Parsley

80-120 seeds

Tomatoes

4-6 seedlings

Radish

120-150 seeds

Radish

40-70 seeds

Turnip

40-50 seeds

Salad

60-100 seeds

Beet

40-60 seeds

Pumpkin

1 seedling

Dill

150-300 seeds

Beans

22-25 seeds

The finished plan can be circled with pencils or markers to make it look more visually and interesting. In addition, he will help to imagine what colors will prevail on your beds in the high season. And remember that during the year on this map, you can make notes on the future, so that next time you can correct your shortcomings.

Ready Garden Map

How many vegetables should be planted on the site

Often novice gardeners wonder how many and what kind of vegetables to plant in order to have enough for a family. We have compiled a table that contains recommendations for sowing and planting certain crops per 4 people. But this does not mean that they need to follow without question. After all, if you are not too fond of onions, then it can be planted in smaller quantities. And if you really like pepper and add it to each dish, then its amount should be increased.

Culture

amount

Bean curly

3 poles (one-time fit)

Bean bush

1.4 square meters (consistent landing)

Broccoli

5 plants

Brussels sprouts

5 plants

Peas

1 sq.m (consistent planting, spring and autumn)

Greenery

1 sq.m (spring and autumn harvest)

Head Cabbage

5 plants (spring and autumn harvest)

Cabbage (white)

5 plants (single planting)

Corn

1.4 square meters (consistent planting, different varieties)

Bow

0.5 square meters (one-time landing)

Chard

5 plants (grows again after collecting outer leaves)

Carrot

1 square meter (consistent landing)

Cucumbers

2 lashes (one-time landing)

Pepper

3 plants (single planting)

Tomatoes

5 plants (single planting, different varieties)

Radish

0.5 square meters (consistent landing)

Turnip

1 sq.m (spring and autumn harvest)

Asparagus

1 sq.m (perennial plant)

Pumpkin

2 lashes (one-time landing, different types)

Lettuce

1 square meter (consistent landing)

Beet

1 sq.m (spring and autumn harvest)

Cauliflower

5 plants (spring and autumn harvest)

Now that you have a garden map, all you have to do is sow and turn all your plans into reality.

Watch the video: How to Draw a Garden Map 2016 (September 2019).