The variety of roses is amazing. How to figure out what type a particular flower belongs to?
Roses are classified according to external signs and growing features. Modern rose growers often allocate 9 garden groups.
1. Park roses
This group includes antique roses, including decorative rosehips. As the name implies, such plants are often used for landscaping parks and gardens, they look great in both single and group plantings. Park roses winter-hardy, rarely get sick and are not very picky in their care. They often decorate flowerbeds on the streets of cities.
These roses bloom early and abundantly, but they bloom for a short time and only once per season. However, the rich aroma of these flowers is truly intoxicating.
In decorative varieties of park roses, the flowers reach 10 cm in diameter, they are single or gathered in inflorescences of 3-6 pieces. Leaves - large, leathery, wrinkled. The height of the wide and dense bush is usually 1-2 m.
This group includes wrinkled rose (rugoza).
Varieties and hybrids: Grottendorst, Pink Grottendorst, Ritausma.
2. Repair roses
The main feature of these roses - re-bloom. On vigorous (up to 2 m high) upright and spreading bushes in the second half of June large, fragrant, double flowers with a diameter of 8 to 16 cm bloom. Most often they are red, pink, beige, white or yellow. In July and August, remontant roses bloom again, though not so abundantly.
These roses are winter-hardy, but in severe winters they can still freeze slightly, so they require shelter. In addition, they are subject to fungal diseases.
Varieties and hybrids: Georg Arends, Georg Dickson, Paul Neuron, Frau Karl Druški, Hugh Dickson.
3. Hybrid Tea Roses
These popular roses are descended from heat-loving Chinese tea roses, crossed with remontant ones. Due to this, it was possible to get flowers, which by characteristics exceeded all known species and varieties.
In the middle zone of Russia, hybrid tea roses bloom in the second half of June and do not cease to please with their lush, double flowers of various colors until the frosts, which are located on the stem singly or are collected in small inflorescences. The height of the bush - from 60 to 150 cm.
Hybrid tea roses are thermophilic, demanding to the place of growth. Often they are affected by disease and pest attack. However, with proper care and good winter shelter, they bloom profusely throughout the summer.
Varieties and hybrids: Angelique, Athena, Black Baccarat, Gloria Dei, Duftvolke, Mainzer fastnacht, Nostalgie, Limbaugh, Sonia.
Sometimes a group of grandiflora (large-flowered roses) is isolated separately. As a rule, it includes tea hybrid roses. The most popular variety is Queen Elizabeth.
4. Polycanthus roses
On low, dense and strongly branching bushes in mid-July, a lot of medium-sized roses (up to 6 cm in diameter) are blooming, gathered in inflorescences of 20-100 flowers. They can be both simple and terry.
Polyantovye roses bloom until late autumn, their cut flowers can stand for up to 15 days. Coloring can be white, pink, red, orange. And polyantovye roses are distinguished by the fact that they have almost no thorns.
In the middle band, the bushes of these roses require light cover. They can also be grown in the Urals and Siberia.
Polyanthus roses are most often used in group plantings and borders, and some low varieties (for example, Muttag and Dick Koster) suitable for growing in containers.
Varieties and hybrids: Border King, Gloria Mundi, Yvonne Rabier, Cameo, Orange Triumph.
5. Floribunda Roses
These floriferous roses are the result of the crossing of dwarf polyanthus roses with hybrid tea. Their flowering is not only abundant, but also continuous (from July to late autumn), continuous. Flowers can be both simple and terry. They are quite large (shape and size similar to hybrid tea roses) and are collected in inflorescences. The height of the bush can vary from 30 to 100 cm.
Floribunda roses are characterized by increased winter hardiness and disease resistance.
Varieties and hybrids: Iceberg, Galaxy, Diadem, Georgette, Zorin, Carte Blanche, Lily Marlene, Niccolo Paganini, Nicole, Sangria, Frisia, Shocking Blue.
In the floribunda group, undersized roses are distinguished, called patio (they are mini floribunda, or mini-flora). They do not exceed 50 cm in height and are most often grown in containers or in the foreground of borders.
6. Miniature roses
This is a small copy of garden roses. Dense bushes up to 40 cm in height with small double flowers of various colors (from greenish to violet) are often grown in indoor conditions. Here roses can bloom all year long almost continuously. And in the open ground miniature roses bloom from May to late autumn and for the winter they require light cover.
Miniature roses look great in rocky hills, rock gardens and borders, and they are also used to create boutonnieres for decorating hairstyles or holiday outfits.
Varieties and hybrids: Baby Masquerade, Denise Cassegren, Hummingbird, Mandarin, Star & Strips, Zwergkening.
7. Ground Cover Roses
This group combines creeping shrubs with densely leafy long shoots (up to 4 m), which densely cover the soil. Flowers may be simple, double or semi-double, small or medium. Most varieties of ground cover growth are characterized by long and abundant flowering. Such plants do not require special care and are resistant to fungal diseases.
Ground-cover roses are used for landscaping slopes and creating standard roses of a weeping form.
Varieties and hybrids: Alba Mayan, Besi, Gold Carpet, Ondela, Snow Ballet, Swoni, Fairy.
8. Climbing Roses
These roses have small flowers (diameter 2-5 cm), collected in large inflorescences, and long, creeping shoots (lash), which require support. Therefore, climbing roses are usually used for vertical gardening: they are decorated with pergolas and arches.
Climbing roses are usually divided into 2 groups:
- Small Flowers (Rambler) - with shoots up to 5 m long, small, odorless flowers that bloom once.
- Large Flowers (Climbers) - with larger flowers, resembling hybrid tea roses. During the summer, they may bloom again.
Varieties and hybrids: Dorothy Perkins, New Dawn, Rosarium Yuthersen, Flamentants, Schwanensee, Excels.
Previously, a separate group was allocated semi-woven roses - intermediate between climber and hybrid tea or floribunda roses. Now they are often referred to as shrubs.
9. Bush Roses (Scrubs)
This group combines powerful rose bushes, which are distinguished by high growth, abundant and long, but single flowering and good resistance to adverse growing conditions. This group also includes large wild rose bushes and English Austin roses - with dense flowers with a rich aroma.
Varieties and hybrids: Abraham Darby, Graham Thomas, Bear, Rhapsody in Blue, Rococo, Charles Austin, Hans Park, Chippendale, Charlotte.
How to grow roses of various groups, read our articles.