Someone who has grown tomatoes at least once, will certainly come across a situation where, after the next cradle or thinning of the bushes, there are whole armfuls of “cut” greens. But this procedure should be repeated regularly, tops and dangling leaves all accumulate.
Where to put this wealth and what to do with it? Do not throw away! After all, tops of tomatoes are not just small stalks with leaves, but at the same time a wonderful fertilizer and a means against garden pests. Now we will teach you how to use the tops of tomatoes on the garden plot.
Tomato plant from pests
Tomato tops will be useful in the garden as a natural insecticide. Its effectiveness against a number of insect pests has been known for a long time and is due to the presence in all parts of the plant of a toxic compound - solanine.
From which insects can protect the tops of tomatoes:
- Colorado beetle,
- spider mite,
- cruciferous flea,
- leaf-eating caterpillars,
- carrot fly
To prepare an effective remedy against these insects from tomato tops, you need to prepare an infusion or decoction. All the green parts of the plant are suitable - leaves, stems, stepchildren.
For the preparation of infusion 1 kg of fresh crushed tomato tops are poured with 10 liters of warm water, infused for at least 4-5 hours, and then 40 g of planed bar soap (or 3 tablespoons of liquid soap) is added as an adhesive.
For cooking broth 4 kg of fresh chopped leaves and stems of tomatoes pour 10 liters of water and simmer under cover for about half an hour. After cooling the broth is filtered, diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4 and 40 g of soap are added.
Spraying of infested crops with infusion or decoction of tomato tops is carried out at weekly intervals. It is not recommended to do this only during the flowering phase. Thus, it is possible to process not only garden and garden plants, but also indoor plants, as well as seedlings.
- Folk recipes infusions and decoctions for pest control gardenInsecticides are not the only way to control diseases and pests. Infusions and decoctions of herbs can be no less effective.
You can store such an infusion or decoction for up to six months - in tightly sealed glass containers in a cool place. And you can dry the tops for the future (do it better in the shade in the fresh air) and use as needed. A decoction of dry tomato tops is prepared in somewhat different proportions. 10 kg of water take 1 kg of crushed raw materials, insist 4 hours, and then boil a couple more hours under a lid on low heat. The concentrated broth is cooled, and before use it is further diluted with water 1: 4.
Processing plants is best done early in the morning or in the evening, when the heat subsides, so as not to burn the leaves.
Do not exceed the consumption rates of tomato tops specified in the recipe and do not use infusions and decoctions of tops infested with diseases for the preparation so as not to spread the infection throughout the site.
Tomato leaf as a fertilizer
If your site does not need protection from pests right now, you can make nutritive fertilizer for other crops from tomato topper, and not even one!
For example, you can simply chop up the tops and put them in the soil in the fall, and in the spring plant the seedlings, even the same tomatoes! They will like it, see.
Tomato tops can also be used as liquid green fertilizer. Herbal starter with her cooked so that the volume of tops is about a quarter of the total green mass of raw materials. To do this, fill any large container (barrel, bucket) with grass for 2/3 of its volume and fill it to the top with water. Then cover the tank so that there is little air access - you can cover it with a film in which to make several holes for gas exchange - and leave the grass to wander. Such an organic fertilizer from tomato tops will be ready for use in about 10 days (in the heat even earlier). A liter of infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water and watered the plants under the root.
With the same "mash" with tomato tops, you can spray the plants on the leaves to protect them from pests.
Another great way to use tomato tops as a fertilizer is to burn it. Yes, yes, you heard right. The resulting ash will be for your plantings a valuable source of beneficial macro and microelements and will be a great nutritional supplement. Ash as a fertilizer is applied to the ground in spring or autumn when digging beds, added to the wells just before planting or into water for irrigation (100 g per 10 l of water).
- Ash - what is this fertilizer and how to apply it correctlyAsh is not just a non-combustible residue after burning, but also valuable microfertilizer. In our material, everything is about the usefulness of ashes to plants, how to use ashes as fertilizer, how to dissolve the ashes for top dressing, what is spraying with ash solution ...
Planting tomatoes as a fertilizer can also be used as a compost, but in order not to risk the health of your plants, you will have to wait about three years before such a compost can be safely used on your own plot. This is associated with a high risk of the spread of fungal diseases, whose pathogens may be in the leaf and will not lose their activity for a long time, even when the leaf will decompose. If you are completely confident in the health of the plants used for these purposes, you can apply the fertilizer obtained within a year and a half.
To prepare the compost tomato tops are placed in the composting (pit, pile) layers, interleaving them with layers of earth and sawdust. Each layer for disinfection is shed with a solution of copper sulphate (2 tbsp per 10 l of water), and then the entire volume is covered with a dark film in which several holes are made to allow air to enter, or with a dark spunbond or even a thick layer of straw. About once every two weeks, it is very desirable to shovel the whole mass, mixing layers. To stimulate fermentation, some gardeners add a little chicken manure, mullein or urea to the compost heap.
- Compost - how to cook properly and quicklyLearn how to properly prepare the compost with your own hands and use it effectively in the country.
How else to use tomato tops in the garden?
It turns out that the listed properties of application at the summer cottage do not exhaust the useful properties of tomato topper!
For example, tomato tops can protect your fruit planting from mice. It is crushed and poured under young trees or shrubs (gooseberries, currants). During the summer season, this protective mulching can be replenished with freshly cut stepsons and tomato leaves.
I put the green tops of tomatoes under the currant bushes and gooseberries. Ognevku won! Advice received from the agronomist.
In the same way, the tops of tomatoes (even if not crushed) can be used as mulch and on vegetable beds - simply laying it out in a dried form between the rows. Plant perfectly cope with its task.
- What mulch to use for different crops?The yield and beauty of flowering plants often depend on what they are mulch.
And tomato tops will help get rid of the smell in the outdoor toilet. Like nettle, tops will scare off insects and absorb ammonia, neutralizing unpleasant odors and helping the contents to decompose faster. Put these plants in the booth should be weekly.
Be sure to take this information into service and continue not to get rid of the surplus of tomato tops - because it can be an excellent budget supplement (or even a substitute) for many chemicals that are used on the site as insecticides and fertilizers.