Everything you need to know about watering, feeding, mowing and treating the lawn from weeds in the summer, in one article. Take note!
In order for the lawn to please you with a well-groomed, healthy appearance until the very beginning of autumn, it is important to take care of it correctly and regularly: observe the interval and dosage when applying fertilizer, cutting and watering, and timely deal with weeds. We tell how to do it correctly.
Features feeding the lawn in the summer
The main task of summer lawn feedings is to maintain the active growth of the grass, give it a healthy look and rich color, as well as increase its drought resistance.
That is why in the summer your green "carpet" needs a loading dose of nitrogen and potash fertilizers and only a small amount of phosphorus.
|Element||What is it needed for||With a lack of||With an excess||Application rates|
15-20 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 sq. M or 15-20 g of urea per 1 sq. M after every second lawn mowing from May to early August and 1 time in late August-September
|Phosphorus||100 g of bone meal per 1 sq. M or 15-20 g of superphosphate per 1 sq. M once a summer|
|Potassium||15-20 g of potassium salt per 1 sq. M twice in summer|
Of course, the easiest way to make complex fertilizers, the composition of which is carefully selected by experts. So you will be sure that your lawn receives all the necessary nutrients.
Feed grass complexes of prolonged action (Floranid, Compo Duratek, Bazakot, Florovit, etc.). Granules of such fertilizers are partially covered with insoluble resins, due to which nitrogen is released gradually. Due to this, the lawn grows thick, uniform, without bald spots. Usually feeding is carried out every 1.5-2 months.
When and how to fertilize the lawn?
All lawn grass feeding is carried out after mowing. If a liquid fertilizers and dissolve well, they can be diluted in a small amount of water and applied directly to the irrigation system.
Dry dressing contribute on a different principle. To begin with, the lawn needs to be watered, then wait until the grass leaves dry. Only then can fertilizer be applied. At the end of the lawn again watered.
After the application of dry fertilizers, the lawn must be watered.
Summer lawn rules
In order for the juicy green color and fresh look of the lawn to please the eye, grass needs regular abundant watering. However, in this case it is worth considering some important nuances.
- Water only after the turf has dried.
- Do not water the lawn during the day. The best time for watering is early morning, evening or night. Wet grass in the scorching sun can simply burn. To moisten the lawn in the middle of the day is possible only in case of abnormal heat, when watering a day is not enough.
- The amount of water needed for one irrigation depends on the type and degree of drainage of the soil. Focus on the fact that after the "water treatment" the soil should be saturated with moisture to a depth of 10-15 cm.
- Irrigation mode can not be broken. If the lawn will receive water irregularly, it will certainly affect the quality of the grass. In the summer it is enough to water it on average once every 3-5 days.
- It is better not to pour water than to pour! It is easier to recover a slightly dried lawn than to divert excess water from flooded sod. Water your grass cover "without fanaticism" if you do not want a fungus to develop on it.
- Use a sprinkler for watering.. The lawn needs to be watered without strong pressure, imitating light rain, otherwise you risk washing the fertile soil layer and damaging the sod.
If you plan to install automatic sprinklers, it is advisable to do this before the lawn is planted on the site. The process of placing the automatic watering system is not easy, it requires an accurate calculation of the pressure in the pipes and taking into account other nuances. Therefore, whenever possible, its installation should be entrusted to professionals.
Lawn mowing - how to avoid mistakes
To the lawn was thick, healthy, beautiful, it must be regularly mowed. True, it is important to do it correctly.
The main rule of lawn mowing, regardless of whether you use a trimmer or an ordinary scythe, is a sharp tool. Dull blades damage the leaves of the grass, can pull out plants with a root. This not only looks unaesthetic, but also disrupts the integrity of the sod.
- Lawn mowing: 9 major questionsUnlike conventional lawn lawn requires constant care. In particular - haircuts.
Another important question - how high cut the lawn. The answer to it depends on the climate and weather conditions of the area. In not hot regions with frequent precipitation, you can mow the grass to a minimum height (1-2 cm). If summer droughts and heat are not uncommon in your area, mowing a lawn to a height below 3 cm can destroy it. On the other hand, too high grass cover (above 8 cm) provokes the appearance of weeds.
For the middle band, the optimum height for mowing the lawn can be considered 5-7 cm. Naturally, on hotter summer days, it is advisable to mow a few centimeters higher.
Do not mow a lawn with a blunt tool.
Also do not forget that when using a lawn mower, it is important to maintain a uniform mowing rate. If you slow down then accelerate, the lawn will be unevenly cut, which also degrades its quality.
Equally important and mowing direction. Keep in mind that for a smooth, beautiful lawn, it is desirable to alternate the direction of movement of the lawn mower during each haircut.
Lawn owners disagree on whether to immediately remove the cut grass or leave it as mulch. On the one hand, the "veil" of cut grass provokes the appearance and attracts earthworms, and after them - the moles. On the other hand, in hot, dry weather, fresh hay reduces evaporation of moisture and reduces the "stress" that herbage experiences after mowing. In addition, mulching with organic matter enriches the soil, improves its structure, and therefore, nourishes the lawn. Therefore, to remove or leave mowed grass depends on weather conditions and the condition of the lawn.
We fight with weeds on the lawn
Whether you like it or not, weeds will sooner or later appear on your lawn. Therefore, you have to deal with them anyway. However, before declaring war on weeds, it is necessary to figure out what type they are.
The lawn is "illegally" settled by two main types of weeds: monocots (wheatgrass, flathead) and dicotyledons (bindweed, mountaineer, plantain, dandelion, buttercup, etc.).
The lesser of two evils - dicotyledonous weeds. Dealing with them is relatively easy. They easily weed and are afraid of safe herbicides (which inhibit the growth of weeds, not poisoning the lawn grass). Such herbicides include drugs Dialen, Lintur, Golf.
In the fight against these weeds, there is one trick - to put in motion "heavy artillery" is possible only after top dressing. In order for the herbicide to work, the weed must grow and "gain strength."
It should be borne in mind that even the use of even the safest herbicide is a great stress for the lawn. Therefore, after the weeds have died off, it is advisable to treat your grass carpet with Megafol, Epin or another anti-stress preparation.
The safest way to control weeds is weeding.
Getting rid of monocotyledonous weeds without hurting the lawn is much more difficult. Of course, you can treat the area with a “vigorous” Roundup or other non-selective herbicide. But in this case, you will have to forget not only about the seeds, but also about the lawn grass - you will have to lay rolled lawn or sow the grass again.
Sowing a new lawn is carried out not earlier than 3-4 weeks after the soil has been treated with herbicides. This time is necessary for the chemical to decompose completely and the plants to die off.
After the lawn has been treated with continuous action herbicides, new sod will have to be laid.
Given all the above, if you want to keep your lawn, you will have to use only weeding.
Some of the compromise between the prospect of burning out all living things and allowing the weeds to “grab” the entire area of the lawn, may be the herbicide Puma Super or Puma Plus. True, it will be effective only for broadleaf weeds such as ploskuhi.
Never treat with herbicides when the grass is unhealthy or under stress. During droughts, unexpected frosts or flooding of the turf, weeds cannot be etched. We repeat that before using herbicides, it is desirable to feed the lawn with nitrogen fertilizers. For example, a 0.2% solution of ammonium nitrate or carbamide.
Follow all these recommendations so that your lawn always looks well-groomed, thick, healthy. If you notice that the appearance of the grass surface has deteriorated noticeably, we advise you to consult our list of 5 most common lawn care mistakes.