If the roses are the queens of the garden, then the lilies are the duchess. But to get a rich flowering, do not do without dressings. Which ones?
One nondescript lily bush consumes from the soil a lot of chemical elements for the formation of large flowers. But is it equally necessary to feed lilies of different species? Yes, all lilies can be fertilized according to the same standard scheme, which is shown below. However, some species (Lily Henry, David, Royal, Caucasian, Kinky, Tubular, and Orleans and Dutch hybrids) need liming the soil before planting, the rest is contraindicated.
Top dressing of lilies when landing
If the soil in which to plant the bulbs, rested, fertile, humus, then the pre-plant fertilizer can not be applied. In other cases, the soil will have to be fertilized. What kind of fertilizer to choose - depends on the preferences of the owner of the garden.
Lilies love organic (Exception - fresh manure, which can not be made in any case). Organic fertilizer application rate is standard: 7-8 kg of humus or ripened compost per 1 sq. M. At the same time, you can add double superphosphate (100 g per 1 square meter). If there is wood ash, this is a great success, because the lilies adore it, responding to the addition of ash to the ground with large and bright flowers, increasing winter hardiness and resistance to diseases. Wood ash is made at the rate of 100 g per 1 sq.m.
If there are no organics, then make any mineral fertilizers, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (at spring planting) and phosphorus and potassium (if planting is autumn). There are many types of mineral fertilizers. Depending on which of them were at hand, they can be added in the dosage indicated on the package.
Top dressing lilies can be combined with watering
Top dressing of lilies in the spring
At this time, lilies, like all plants, desperately need nitrogen, without which they will not be able to gain enough vegetative mass for high-quality flowering. The first spring dressing can be carried out even on melting snow. For this purpose, ammonium nitrate or urea is scattered over the soil surface - 2 tbsp. on 1 sq.m.
If the site has a slope, and the meltwaters for the most part run away from it, carrying out such dressing is useless. In this case, the flowers begin to feed later, when the ground dries out a little. Fermented mullein or the same urea (ammonium nitrate) is suitable, but in the form of a solution - 1 tbsp. on a bucket of water (1 square meter).
Top dressing of lilies in the summer
The following dressing is carried out when the first buds begin to form in the plants. Fertilizing with nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer at this time has a positive effect on the size of the buds and the brightness of the petals. Well suited for this Azofoska (Nitroammofoska) - 1 tbsp. on a bucket of water.
Another feeding is needed at a time when lilies are already blooming. Its purpose is to extend flowering, giving the plant a sufficient amount of the substances it needs. To do this, use complex fertilizers containing trace elements. They are diluted in water according to the instructions.
Any summer dressing can be combined with the introduction of wood ash into the soil (100 g per 1 sq. M).
If you properly feed lilies, they will surely delight you with good flowering.
Top dressing of lilies in the fall
The plants have already bloomed, it seems not autumn yet, but summer is already ending. At this time, intensive processes are going on in the bulb under the ground, nutrients are stored for the next year. Phosphate-potassium supplementation will significantly increase the winter resistance of lily bulbs. For this purpose, superphosphate and calimagnese are used. On a bucket of water take 1 tbsp. double superphosphate (or 2 simple) and 1.5 tbsp. Kalimagnezii. Superphosphate dissolves poorly, so the water will first have to be slightly warmed. The resulting solution is shed landing - 1 bucket per 1 sq.m.
The last operation of the season is also in some way fertilizing, it is done already in the late fall. Place the bulbs in the already freezing soil until spring, you need to compost it with a layer of 10 cm. This will simultaneously serve as a dressing for the next year and as a warming for the winter.
Take care of the lilies correctly. Only in this case you can enjoy their magnificent flowering and unique aroma.