Creating a dream garden is much easier than you think. We will show you how to turn even a small area into a beautiful blooming oasis.
If you dream of a garden that seemed to have disappeared from the page of a glossy magazine on landscape design, but you think that you will fail, you should not despair. The showiness and beauty of the plot depend not on the size, but on whether the owner is able to properly organize the space and effectively use the advice of the designers.
Pick a color palette
The choice of colors for flower beds depends largely on the style of the garden. A regular (French) park is distinguished by symmetry, regular geometric shapes and the presence of open spaces. This style is characterized by white, beige, terracotta, sand and blue. Landscape (English) garden can be recognized by soft lines, smooth transitions and the desire for naturalness. That is why the main color of the classic English garden is green. The main criterion for the selection of colors is harmony. The most successful are the combination of white, yellow and purple flowers.
Find a viewpoint
A beautiful panorama should be opened from any vantage point. In other words, there should be nothing in sight that could spoil the pleasure of viewing. By the same principle, choose a place for gazebos and recreation areas: all the "extra" should remain behind the scenes.
Create a rockeries
Rockery is not just a pile of stones, around which chaotically located tops of plants rise here and there. This is a carefully planned and well thought out composition. And yet, it is much easier to create and maintain it in an appropriate state than an alpine slide, and the rockeries perform their decorative function just as well.
Fill the voids
A large amount of free space in the center of the garden requires appropriate border design. As accents you can use evergreen trees and shrubs. The main thing is to follow the rule of proportions. Tall and sprawling trees are appropriate over a large area. For decoration of small areas, it is better to use low-growing crops or dwarf plant forms.
Take full advantage of the landscape
There are situations when it is much more profitable to beat the relief than to change it. A small pit can turn into a base for a pond or campfire, a hill - in rockeries or rock garden.
Plant plants in height from north to south
A very important aspect of garden planning is its location in relation to the cardinal points. This concerns the choice of location not only for specific plants, but also for more general groups. Apple trees, pears and other tall fruit and ornamental trees, as well as shade-loving plants are better placed at the northern edge of the site. Right behind them are cherries, plums, apricots and other medium-grown crops. Lower in height trees and berry bushes are better planted south. The most sunny places take away to drought-resistant and photophilous plants. Such a sequence will help to avoid shading low plants high and greatly simplify the care of the garden.
Fill the flower beds with gravel
If you have very little time to take care of the plants, arrange one or several gravel beds. This way you save yourself from the hassle associated with frequent weeding. And if you place gravel on a film or geotextile lined on the ground, you will not even remember the weeds. The main thing is to choose plants suitable for growing in such conditions.
Choose a composition center
Any, even the most, at first glance, small composition should have a center: a sprawling tree, a flowering shrub, an alpine slide, a pond, a fireplace, a gazebo, a bridge, a fountain ... Having decided on the main figure, you can start playing it.
Replace the lawn with a meadow
The British love to joke that it is very easy to create the perfect English lawn - it is enough to mow it once a week, but for two hundred years. Sow and forget - this is certainly not about the lawn. Therefore, if you do not have time to spend on maintaining the emerald grass carpet, pay attention to special mixtures that would help you create an imitation of a natural meadow.
Fill a bed of cones
The proximity to the coniferous forest can bring to your garden not even double, but triple benefits. This is not only a decoration, but also a long-lasting organic fertilizer for perennials, as well as reliable protection of plant roots from digging up with wild and domestic animals.
Watch the angle of view
During the arrangement of the site you need to constantly keep in mind that the angle of view of the average person is about 28 degrees. Therefore, isolated and self-sufficient compositions, for example, a sculptural group or a stand-alone fountain, should be visible as a whole. If you want the element of the composition to appear larger, it is positioned so that it slightly goes out of frame.
In the design of flower beds, use no more than three colors.
In one herbal composition should not be combined more than three colors. Any flower bed needs an appropriate background design. For this purpose, you can use junipers, evergreen dwarfs, trees with a weeping crown or lawn. Fans of unexpected decisions will appreciate the ornamental herbs and cereals.
Pay attention to the decorative leafy crops
If you do not have enough time to care for flowering plants, pay attention to the decorative and deciduous. Let it be not 10, but only 2-3 species, but they will be presented in a large number of shades.
Turn the surrounding landscape into your landscape.
The classical school of landscape design very often uses the technique of incorporating surrounding species into the garden landscape. A person's gaze automatically adds a space to the garden, which is clearly visible from the side of the plot, but is not included. Even if you do not see a wide field or a picturesque lake from your garden, but a neighboring apple tree or thuja, do not rush to fence off from it with a high, deaf fence. His straight lines will cut off part of the space and visually reduce the area. To avoid this, make the border less visible: use a netting net, plant trees and shrubs along the fence, which would shade the fence and make the transition smoother.
Plant flowers in pots
When there is not enough time and space to keep flowerbeds, flower pots and other containers come to the rescue. Plants in containers do not require serious care, they are easy to transplant and move around the site. A real find for those who love variety.
Alternate floral and ornamental leaf plants
When making flowerbeds try alternating flowering and decorative leafy plants. Such a combination will help preserve the brightness and freshness of the composition. Pick up the plants so that throughout the season some blooming varieties always remain on the flowerbed.
Do not be afraid of white
Many have heard that dark-colored clothing makes the figure more slender, but not everyone knows why this is happening. In fact, black does not reduce the subject, but emphasizes its boundaries. At the same time, their light tones are blurred. This effect is called irradiation. If you want to visually increase the length of the flower beds, plant flowers, arranging them from light to dark varieties. Light material will make the garden path wider and the fence of the site more blurred.
Use curved lines
Curved lines will help smooth out unnecessarily sharp contours and visually expand the boundaries. The winding paths slightly pushed the flower beds aside and create the illusion of slightly expanded space. However, you should not get involved in this, because convenience should come first. The tortuosity increases the length of the track, so you need to place them in places where they will not complicate the work on the site.
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Cover the flowerbeds with stone
The stone fence of the beds and trees looks solid and harmonious no matter what type of rock was used in its construction. Smooth boulders will soften straight lines, and unevenly broken rock will make the composition more monumental.
Do not forget about vertical gardening
The trend for vertical gardening has been slowing down year after year. Therefore, if you need to revive the blank wall, pay attention to the suspended structures. Everything is used - from window boxes to hanging pots.
Use track as connecting element
Garden paths connect into a single network all the main elements of the site. Therefore, if you fail to create a solid image of the garden, you can always use the paths as a link.
Play with perspective
The main law of perspective says: the farther from a person is the subject, the less it seems. This should be used when arranging tracks. To make the borders of the garden seem more distant, make the path not straight, but winding and tapering gently towards the end.
Build a pergola or arch
Pergolas and arches will add a piece of refinement and sophistication. The most advantageous are the white buildings. They are well combined with plants of bright and saturated flowers.
Work with lighting
Evening lighting helps to place accents in the right places and draws attention to the most interesting elements of the composition. Properly selected lights and lamps help to open the area on the other side. In the daytime, bright colors first come to the eyes, and in the evening - a dark blue gamma. Warm yellow light gives less contrast than cold white. In order for the overall impression to be more solid, all lights and lamps must be the same or close to the color temperature.
Play on the contrast of shapes
Really beautiful compositions are obtained if they are based on contrast. Trees with a pyramidal crown go well with spherical shrubs, and a pond with winding shores softens the sharp contours of a square lawn.
Country land can be a real work of art. Of course, this will require time and knowledge of certain techniques. Still, the ultimate goal is much closer than it seems at first glance.