To get a high yield of fruits and berries, plants need to be properly fed and watered. There is nothing difficult in watering, but in the matter of nutrient introduction it is necessary to properly understand.
For normal development, fruit crops need quite a lot of phosphorus and magnesium and a small amount of nitrogen, potassium and calcium. Therefore, before planting, it is necessary to add a sufficient amount of phosphate, potash and organic fertilizers to the soil, which will contribute to the development of plants for several years.
In addition, it should be noted that adult fruiting plants and shrubs consume more nutrients than young plants.
Top dressing of fruit trees in the spring
The need for spring dressing is determined by the state of the tree and the growth rate of the shoots. It becomes especially relevant after the harsh winter frost, when the trees are weakened.
In early spring, with melted snow, a large amount of nutrients, especially nitrogen, is removed from the soil. Therefore, during this period it is necessary to make nitrogen fertilizers for plants.
And also do not forget to do spring pruning of fruit trees
Spring dressing is carried out 2-3 weeks before the flowering of fruit trees or immediately after the petals fall. Urea, ammonium nitrate or bird droppings, diluted with water 15-20 times, are used. Consumption rate - 150-200 g per 1 sq. M circle wheel. Instead of this fertilizer you can use a slurry solution (500-600 g per 10 liters of water).
In addition to root top dressing for fruit trees, high-speed foliar dressings (spraying) can be performed. For this purpose, urea is used: for an apple-tree - 0.3% solution, for a pear - 0.1-0.2%, for stone fruits (cherries, plums, sweet cherry, apricot) - 0.5-0.6% .
Top dressing bushes in spring
Berry bushes (currants, gooseberries, raspberries, etc.) are fed with nitrogen fertilizers in the early spring in the event that no organic matter was applied to the soil in the fall. For feeding you will need 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate or 40-50 g of ammonium sulfate per 1 sq. M. Fertilizer is better to make and close up when spring loosening the soil.
If the gooseberry leaves and currants turn yellow in the first year of planting, the shrubs are fed with a solution of ammonium nitrate, which is prepared at the rate of 12-15 g per bucket (10 l) of water. Consumption rate - 0.5 buckets for each bush.
In late spring - early summer, foliar dressing with 1-2% potassium sulphate and superphosphate solutions, as well as microelements: manganese sulphate (0.1-0.5% solution) and boric acid (0.01 -0.05% solution).
In the spring, the currants need more phosphorus, and the gooseberries need more potassium.
In May-June currant useful foliar fertilizing trace elements. 5-10 g of potassium permanganate, 2-3 g of boric acid, 30-40 g of copper sulphate are dissolved in 10 l of water and sprayed with bushes.
On a note
Each drug is diluted separately in a small amount of water, and then the solutions are mixed, topped up with water to 10 liters and sprayed the bushes.
Today, specialized stores sell liquid fertilizer for root and foliar fertilizing of certain crops. Detailed instructions for use are attached to the preparations, thanks to which novice gardeners will not be mistaken in choosing the right elements and their dosage.