It is not always possible to install a heavy concrete or solid metal fence, and the chain-link mesh does not add aesthetics for all its functionality. In this case, a hedge can be a worthy alternative.
The garden plot for many citizens is a place of solitude and inspiration for the upcoming work week. If you live on it permanently, then especially do not want the details of your personal life to be made public. A hedge will help to hide your land from prying eyes, and make a decor element. It also makes zoning on the site itself to create a secluded place for reading books or romantic conversations. We will not cast a shadow on your future wattle fence and tell you which plants are best suited for creating an eco-friendly fence.
This branched shrub up to 3 m in height with thin shoots and sharp long prickles will reliably protect your garden from uninvited guests. In addition, the barberry is famous for its beautiful foliage of various shades and bright red fruits that can be eaten (with the exception of some varieties). The shrub as it grows retains its decorative effect, since does not suffer from baldness of the lower part of the bush, so you will not need to plant the second tier of the fence.
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The plant does not require special care, except for pruning, after which new shoots appear, and the crown becomes thicker. It prefers sunny areas, although it can grow in shading, but in this case the foliage will not be so bright.
The barberry spreads very quickly around the site, so the young seedlings that you find in the wrong place should be removed as early as possible before they have yet to get stronger.
If you want a perfectly flat and geometrically correct hedge up to 2 m in height, then without any doubt choose this densely branched shrub. Privet has beautiful, dark green, leathery leaves, in decorative varieties they may have yellow shades. Her ability to recover quickly after shearing and to keep her shape for a long time will especially please novice gardeners.
Privet is an unpretentious, frost-resistant plant that can grow on almost any soil. Even the urban conditions of strong gas will not frighten her. The most rational form of a hedge from a privet is a trapezoid with a slight narrowing from above. This profile contributes to a better illumination of the crown, and, consequently, prevents baldness of the lower part of the bush.
The melliferous shrub from the Rosaceae family, reaching a height of 6–8 m, has beautiful rich green foliage that becomes orange-red in autumn. In spring, hawthorn bushes are covered with beautiful white or pink buds, which in summer turn into bright red fruits.
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As an ornamental plant for hedges hawthorn is good because it almost does not need to care. For 2-4 years after planting, the bushes are allowed to grow freely. When the diameter of the trunks at the base reaches 1.5-2 cm, in order to improve the appearance, the stumping is carried out in the autumn (cutting the shoots at a height of 20-25 cm from the ground to get a low bush with a dense crown). A year later, the first haircut.
It is necessary to cut hawthorn bushes regularly, as this limits their growth upwards and directs it to the side shoots, thus, the crown in the lower part is not exposed.
The hedge, in addition to its functional and decorative qualities, can also be delicious. If you want to enjoy juicy and healthy fruits for several years in a row, then plant blackberry bushes around the perimeter of your section. In addition, it will reliably protect your possession, because there are no people willing to be in the thorny arms of this bush.
Blackberries are usually planted in a trellis way at a distance of 1.5 m from the main fence. You can use a chain-link as a support, but this will complicate the care of the plant, and the neighbors may be unhappy with your prickly "guard". Blackberry will bear fruit on the 2nd year after planting, but the first pruning should be done only after three years. The shrub is unpretentious in care and can withstand both extreme heat and severe frosts.
Many are accustomed to seeing this plant wild at the edges of roads and near water bodies, but it will result in an original light and graceful living fence. The wicker wicker fence is decorative when planted, an unpretentious plant takes root quickly and practically in any soil. However, such a fence serves more for beauty than for protection, therefore it is suitable for creating secluded areas on the site itself or for decorating the main fence. Willow perfectly absorbs heavy metals and improves the quality of the soil, does not require special care, except for decorative cutting twice a year, for which many gardeners and designers love it.
Dogwood white (white turf)
This branchy shrub up to 3 m is perfect for hedges. With the onset of autumn, its beautiful light green foliage becomes bronze-crimson, orange or burgundy. Plastic decorative intertwined branches of turf, which are painted in various shades of red, are especially decorative, so your living fence will look spectacular in any season.
For planting varieties of leaves with a variegated leaf color, it is necessary to choose brightly lit places, because in the shade the foliage will lose its original color.
Caring for turf is a regular sanitary haircut, if you decide to keep the natural shape of the bush. In landscape design, the most popular forms of the ball, cube, arc or hemisphere. The first pruning is carried out 3 years after planting, and then twice a year, in June and July. Young bushes need regular watering 1-2 times a week, as well as loosening the soil in the tree trunks and removing weeds.
The plant is native to North America in nature reaches a height of 80 m, ornamental varieties that can be used in landscape design - up to 30 m. Lawson's evergreen cypress with a beautiful dense crown and graceful falling shoots - Europe's most popular conifer for hedges.
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The plant tolerates a haircut perfectly and is not demanding to soil fertility, but does not like stagnation of groundwater, therefore, it should be planted on higher ground. Moreover, with age, Lawson's cypress becomes light-loving. However, young trees are well tolerated shade, and from the bright spring sun they should be covered.
Fruit shrub up to 2 m in height with toothed leaves densely covering thorny branches. Turns form impassable thickets, so it is great for a hedge. Moreover, its fruits can be eaten, and the leaves brew like tea. A solid wall of this plant around the perimeter of your site will protect the heat-loving plants from the cold wind.
Since the turn is an unpretentious shrub that also grows very quickly, the main care is to cut it regularly three times a year - in early April, late June and July.
Hedgehog hedge is a classic option if you need a fence up to 3 m in height. The dense green massif that form the trees will reliably close the area from prying eyes and give it rigor. However, Tui poorly transmit light, so in small areas they will give a strong shading.
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Plant care is to remove dried legs and complex cutting twice a year. Tui Brabant can grow up to 1.5 m per year, so the hedge will acquire the necessary forms in the shortest time. The plant is not picky in the choice of soil, but on fertile soil it becomes the most decorative.
Shrub native to China, brought to Europe by the Scottish botanist William Forsythe and received in his honor his name. Forsythia is especially attractive in spring, when its bright yellow blossoms paint another gray, barely awakened from the long winter landscape. As a hedge, the shrub is good because it grows very quickly, so to preserve the decorativeness, it must be cut off immediately after flowering.
Forsythia is unpretentious, resistant to diseases and pests. She also perfectly tolerates the difficult conditions of the urban environment, coping with air pollution and gas pollution.
A permanent inhabitant of the grandmother's front garden, this beautiful shrub conquered the hearts of many gardeners. Among other things, wild rose is able to grow abundantly, forming impassable thickets. Plus, its branches are densely covered with spines.
The first 2-3 years after planting, wild rose requires abundant watering 1-2 times a week and regular weeding. In the fall, pruning of all diseased, old and broken branches, as well as formative pruning is carried out.
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If you choose the right plants for hedges, the eco-friendly fence can be not only a reliable protector and element of decor, for which care is minimized, but also a useful and tasty addition to cooking. Just remember that plants susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests, for example, viburnum, will not be suitable as a hedge. First, they very quickly lose their decorative appearance. And secondly, dense thickets during the epidemic period are very difficult to treat with chemicals, especially if this eco-collection is located on the border of the plots.