If you think that ammonia is only an antiseptic from a pharmacy, we will hurry to convince you. For the gardener, this medication will be a great helper in the garden and the garden, both as a fertilizer for plants and to combat insect pests.
10% ammonia, which is scientifically called an aqueous solution of ammonium hydroxide, advanced gardeners are usually abbreviated simply as ammonia and boldly used in their beds. How? Now tell.
Ammonia as fertilizer
Ammo - fertilizer? Many do not believe in this combination, but in vain. If you look at the formula of the drug (NH₄OH), then make sure that one of its components is the most important element for plants, nitrogen. Recall that it is extremely important for the formation of vegetable protein, is a component of chlorophyll, is responsible for increasing the vegetative mass of the plant and the ripening of fruits.
Of course, nitrogen fertilizers — ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, carbamide, urea, etc. — must necessarily be included in the “diet” of crops in the spring and summer. But if all these expensive drugs are not at hand, why not use root fertilizer with such available ammonia as an easily accessible source of nitrogen? Of course, having previously diluted it to a safe concentration for plants.
Indeed, in ammonia, the mass of nitrogen reaches 82%, it is highly concentrated, easily accessible to plants, effective and inexpensive!
Determining that a plant needs nitrogen fertilization is easy. Evidence of this is the characteristic light spots on the leaves or their yellowing (chlorophyll formation is disturbed), slower growth, lack of progress in flowering (buds do not bloom, wither and fall), weak immunity.
- What is nitrogen fertilizer and how to apply them correctlyThe effect of nitrogen fertilizers on plants is difficult to overestimate or overlook. It immediately catches the eye in the form of dark green lush foliage. The application of nitrogen fertilizers in spring is a guarantee of proper growth of garden crops, flowers, bushes and trees.
Ammonia for plants
So, what, when and how can you feed up ammonia in the garden? Virtually any culture!
The most demanding nitrogen cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, potatoes, peppers, eggplant, rhubarb. Will be grateful to you and will please with lush blooming after damming, dahlias, peonies, lilies, roses, clematis. Shrubs and trees will respond to a good harvest: cherry, plum, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry, gooseberry, currant, apple tree. Cultures that consume nitrogen in moderation: onions, garlic, tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, garlic.
For example, look at onions and garlic - if you notice that their feathers grow short and thick, and they turn yellow from the tips, these are obvious signs of a lack of nitrogen. In this case, fertilizing with ammonia will help the plants: 1 tsp. ammonia is dissolved in 1 liter of water, it will help the formation of strong green feathers. Onions and garlic are poured over the solution weekly at the root, without touching the stems and leaves. During the period of active ripening of the crop to obtain large onions, the dose can be reduced: 1-2 tbsp. ammonia (25-30 drops) per 10 liters of water.
Ammonia is useful for strawberries. The first time treat her bushes at the beginning of the season, as soon as the first leaves appear. To do this, use a standard solution - 1 tbsp. ammonia to 10 liters of water. The second time in the same solution, spill strawberries after flowering, so that she has added strength to ripen the berries. Carry out the third and last strawberry treatment after the harvest - the plants that have been fed up will go to wintering with strong and full strength, which guarantees a consistently high yield for the next year.
- How to feed strawberries after harvestingDoes a strawberry need additional food after it has been harvested? Yes, and even more than during periods of flowering and fruiting.
For tomatoes, ammonia also will be an excellent help. Ripening tomatoes should be watered with a solution of ammonia of weak concentration (1 tbsp per 10 l of water), gradually increasing it, monitoring the condition of the plants (up to 3 tbsp per 10 l of water). The frequency of irrigation with this feeding - once a week.
Watering cucumbers with ammonia is performed according to the same scheme described above. To the shoots actively developed, apply a low-concentration solution: 2 tbsp is enough. ammonia per 10-liter bucket once every 7-10 days. Further, the dose, if necessary, can be increased.
In conditions of extremely poor soils, when preparing a solution, the content of ammonia in 10 liters of water is increased to 3 tbsp. or more, but do not exceed the maximum allowable concentration - 1 tsp. 1 liter of water, otherwise the plant will begin to "fatten".
How and when to produce processing plants with ammonia
Do not forget that the liquid ammonia solution is a concentrated substance with a pungent odor. In order not to harm either yourself or the plants, you must clearly adhere to the rules of working with such drugs:
- Do not mix ammonia feedings in case of hypertension - this can cause a high pressure surge.
- Use personal protective equipment: glasses, gloves, closed clothing.
- If the substance gets on the mucous membranes, immediately and abundantly flush the affected areas with running water.
- Do not increase the spontaneously recommended doses of ammonia for processing plants, so as not to burn them.
- Mix the working solution in the open air or in a well-ventilated area.
- After processing ammonia plants in the greenhouse, conduct mandatory ventilation.
Feeding with ammonia should be carried out in calm, dry weather after watering the plants. Remember that when using ammonia there is no need to additionally feed the plants with any nitrogenous fertilizers. This can create additional load for the plants and contribute to the accumulation of nitrates in them.
Ammonia against pests of the garden
But ammonia in the garden and in the garden can act not only as a fertilizer, but also work as an insecticide. Its pungent smell easily evaporates, but it manages to scare away most garden pests.
At a minimum, with the help of ammonia, you can get rid of aphids on plants. In 10 liters of water, dissolve 50 ml of the drug and 100 g of rubbed soap. Allow the composition to stand for a little to dissolve the soap. Spray the plants on the leaves on both sides early in the morning in calm and cloudy weather.
Assists in ammonia and from a bear, wireworm and even a mole. Immediately before planting a bed of any culture (potatoes, peppers, tomatoes), spill the hole with ammonia solution (3-4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water) and repeat the procedure again in 7-10 days. If you find a mole hole or a bear head, place a cotton wool dipped in clean salmon. Experienced gardeners claim that this technique protects the plants from these pests throughout the subsequent season.
To prepare a solution of ammonia against onion covert and weevil, 3-4 tbsp. Dilute the drug in 10 liters of water. Water the onions with this “elixir” in spring and in the first half of summer with an interval of 7-10 days.
The pungent smell of ammonia will also scare onion and carrot flies from your plantations. To protect vegetables from these pests between rows should be watered with a solution prepared from 1 tbsp. pharmacy drug and 10 liters of water, every 10-12 days.
Concentrated ammonia solution will also help in the fight against ants, which themselves do not harm garden plants, but are a potential threat in the area (they breed aphids, build anthills near the roots). A solution of ammonia is gently poured into the ant passages or the center of the anthill.
By the way, this drug will be necessary even if mosquitoes and black flies invade your site. Sprinkle the space of an open arbor or a street bench with such an odorous medicine. The unpleasant smell will quickly disappear, but will remain perceptible to insects, and they will not risk approaching the place of your rest.
Slugs and caterpillars of the cabbage moth also do not like the smell of ammonia. Pour plenty of water from the watering can with cabbages so as to get into hard to reach places. Prepare the solution from a mixture of 100 ml of ammonia and 10 liters of water. From caterpillars, beds are sprayed or watered several times a day.
As you can see, the "penny" pharmacy can be a real find for the gardener. You just need to know how, where and when to correctly use ammonia in the area.