Summer is a long-awaited time, but lately it has brought "garden surprises" to gardeners. What if plants suffer from cold and waterlogging? How to save vegetables, battered hail or tormented by heat?
To help the inhabitants of the beds to cope with natural disasters, care for them will have to change a little. Candidates of agricultural sciences Nikolai Khromov and Anton Leshchev, consultants of the publication Gardener and Gardener, tell how to save plants and save the crop from drought, hail, torrential rains and a cold summer.
How to care for beds in cold summer
In cold weather, plants slow down growth, but if you follow these rules, you can get a good harvest, albeit later than usual.
- Watering. Moisture from the surface of the soil in cold weather evaporates slowly, so water the plants only if the ground has dried.
- Loosening. Loosen the soil around the plants as often as possible - this accelerates air and water exchange, increases the ability of plants to absorb nutrients.
- Top dressing. Minimize nitrogenous feeding or eliminate it altogether. Instead, according to the instructions, make a complex mineral fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus.
Thin thickened planting and carry out preventive treatments for diseases.
How to water and feed the garden in the heat
In hot summer, with enough heat and watering, the crop usually ripens quickly. Moreover, in this weather there are practically no pests and diseases. To make the plants easier to endure adverse conditions, use these tips.
- Tumble the beds in covered and open ground with light mulch (straw, hay, sawdust).
- Constantly air the greenhouses.
- Water the garden in the evening when the heat subsides.
- Water the plants thoroughly with clean water before applying liquid dressings.
- How to protect plants from heat in a greenhouseExcessive heat is as destructive for plants as frost. Are your green pets definitely not suffering in the greenhouse?
How to save the crop during prolonged rains
In rainy summer, outdoor plants are especially vulnerable to diseases and pests. In greenhouses, crops lack heat and light. Follow the steps below and your harvest will not suffer as much.
- Weed the beds as soon as you notice the weeds.
- Loosen the soil every 2-3 days.
- Try to plant the plants as far as possible from each other and often treat with drugs to prevent the appearance of pests and diseases.
- At least 5 times per season, add potash fertilizers according to the instructions.
How to help plants recover from hail
If hail fell on young plants that still have leaves growing, saving the “inhabitants” of the beds is relatively simple:
- so that the affected plants would rather recover and go to growth, pour them abundantly with water, and then apply complex mineral fertilizer (1 tbsp per 1 sq. m);
- To protect against possible diseases, spray plants with Phytosporin or any anti-stress medication (Appin, Tsitovit, EcoFus, etc.).
Worse, if from a natural cataclysm suffered adult plants. In this case, save the entire crop, alas, will not succeed. Remove all badly damaged leaves and fruits: they most likely will not have time to ripen, but they will turn into a source of infection. Try as quickly as possible to collect and fruit with minor damage. Spray weakened plants with one of the products listed above.
In the summer of plants lurks a lot of dangers that can completely deprive you of the harvest. We hope that this season you will not have to resort to any of these strategies, and if the weather rebels, you will know how to help the plants.
If you have any questions on the topic, write to the address of the editorial board: [email protected] and experienced specialists will answer them! Better yet, subscribe to the magazine "Gardener and the Gardener", which collected a lot of useful tips and advice.