Admit, how long have you tried turnip or swede? And what about the sweet potato? We talk about 7 excellent root vegetables "to the connoisseur."
Crops that grow on the "roots" are much smaller than those that grow for the sake of "tops" or fruits. Nevertheless, many of them are distinguished by an impressive supply of vitamins, unpretentious in growing and definitely deserve your attention!
Sweet potato, or sweet potato, is usually associated with the southern climate, but this crop can also be grown in the middle zone.
Although the tubers of the plant are similar to potato tubers, they have nothing in common with this crop. In fact, the sweet potato is a close relative of the Ipomoea.
This is a liana with a length of 1-5 m. The bush usually reaches a height of 15 cm. The size of the rhizome, which is eaten, reaches 30 cm in length. The skin of the tubers is easily separated, exposing the most tender flesh.
The sweet potato contains much more nutrients than potatoes, and its caloric content is about 1.5 times lower! This is a valuable diet product.
Significant minus sweet potatoes when grown in areas with a temperate and cool climate - a long, up to 180 days, the growing season. Considering that, already at a temperature of -10 ° C, the development of the plant stops, it is desirable to grow yams through seedlings and cover them in the case of frosts.
Seedlings are rooted and sproutled sweet potato nodules. Planting material is planted in individual peat pots in the second half of February. In this part of the tuber can stick out of the ground.
Pots are well watered, kept in a bright place at a temperature of at least 22-25 ° C. In the first decade of June, when the danger of return frost has passed, the seedlings are planted on a bed without deepening the shoots.
When planting, it is important to remember that the sweet potato is a vine, so the distance between the plants should be large, about 50 cm.
During the growing season, sweet potatoes can be fed with sulphate fertilizers. In addition, the first 1.5-2 months after planting, watering should be very abundant, and 2 days before harvesting, watering the yam is stopped.
Harvest dig like a normal potato, prying bush bush. The harvesting period is the first decade of September, before the first frosts.
It is completely incomprehensible why swede lost the favor of gardeners! This root crop has an enviable supply of nutrients, cold-resistant, well stored in the winter. Swede - the oldest garden culture, which for some reason has lost its popularity in recent years. However, growing it in the garden is no more difficult than radishes or beets.
Swede is best grown through seedlings. Sowing of seeds is carried out in April, 1.5 months before planting the seedlings.
The plant does not tolerate a pick, so it is recommended to sow it in a deep box or individual peat pots.
In order to prevent the pulling out of the seedlings, immediately after the appearance of the sprouts, the containers with the seedlings are transferred to a cool room - just as they do with the cabbage seedlings.
Seedlings are planted in the second half of May, when the seedlings appear 4-5 true leaves.
Daikon is also called Japanese radish. On the shelves of supermarkets you can see it quite often, but on the beds - where less!
This root has a distinctive spicy taste. It can also be grown all year round on the windowsill as microgreen.
- Microgreen on the windowsill - a new trend in the home gardenWhat is microgreen and how to grow it?
Daikon is grown through seedlings in individual peat pots. Sowing is carried out in late March - early April.
Before sowing, the seeds are stratified: keep for 20 minutes in hot (about 50 ° C) water, then immediately cooled in cold. Next, the seeds for a day sent to the refrigerator.
Seedlings are planted in the ground approximately in the middle and end of May.
Having eaten 100 grams of fresh daikon, you will make up for a third the daily rate of vitamin C necessary for the body!
For people far from vegetable growing, parsnips are more the surname of a famous writer than a tasty and healthy root crop. Nevertheless, this culture is attractive by unpretentiousness in cultivation, benefit for the person, pleasant taste - depending on a grade the pulp can have nut or honey smack.
Pasternak can be sown under the winter right now.
- What to plant in the garden in September?12 crops that can be planted in the country in September.
Also, this culture is grown through seedlings in the spring. Details on how to do this, read our material:
- How to grow parsnips through seedlingsIt is best to grow parsnips through seedlings. But why? And how to do it right? Find answers to these questions in our article.
Growing a turnip on the bed is considered unfashionable, and very vain! In fact, this well-known root vegetable can be considered a valuable food crop.
Kohlrabi cabbage is a distant relative of the turnip.
Sowing turnips accounted for the end of March - the beginning of April. Before this, the seeds are first dipped in hot water and then in cold water - like daikon seeds (only to send them to the refrigerator is optional).
You can sow thickly, not sparing, as the seeds often come across empty or do not sprout. After the sprouts appear (in about a week or two), it will be possible to thin the seedlings by removing the weakest plants.
Planted seedlings in the ground approximately in May (depending on the weather and climatic features of the region, planting is carried out from late April to early June). This crop is suitable for fresh consumption.
If you want to harvest turnips for winter storage, plant seedlings in late June - early July, or simply sow the seeds in open ground in the first half of June.
Turnip is a fodder turnip, but it is great not only for cattle feed, but also on the table for its owner!
Turnip seeds germinate even at a temperature of 1-3 ° C. It can be sown in early spring, but it is advisable to do it from late April to May.
Sown in such terms turnips can be collected at the end of June! True, if your goal is winter storage, it is worth sowing turnips in the second half of summer.
The seeds of this culture are small, so it is desirable to sow them, pre-mixed with sand. After sowing, the soil is not watered in order not to wash the seeds, but is sprayed from a spray bottle.
This plant is famous for its truly unique composition. Horseradish contains a large amount of vitamins B and E, folic acid, fiber, essential oils and phytoncids. And the content of vitamin C culture significantly (5 times!) Ahead of lemons and even black currants.
The fact that horseradish - a perennial culture - is both a virtue and a disadvantage. The advantage is that you do not have to plant it every year. The disadvantage is that, once settled on the garden as a modest lodger, horseradish can turn into an aggressive invader in a season or two.
If you do not want horseradish to fill the entire vegetable garden after 3-5 years, plant limiters when planting (these could be metal plates around the perimeter of the planting pit).
The easiest way to breed horseradish is vegetative. The culture is propagated by root cuttings with a diameter of 0.7-1.5 cm and a length of 20-25 cm. Before planting, dormant eyes are removed from them to prevent cuttings from branching.
Horseradish is instilled so that there is a layer of soil 4-5 cm thick over the top of the planting material.
And which of these root crops you grow in a garden? Share your experiences in the comments!