A detailed review of the varieties of pumpkin - gardener on a note!

How to understand the huge variety of pumpkin varieties? What is the difference between the nutmeg and the large-fruited pumpkin? What varieties are suitable for northern latitudes? Read the answers in this article.

Seed producers offer so many different pumpkin varieties that it is no wonder they get confused. The classification takes into account several characteristics of the plant:

  • External features: sizes of lash and leaf cutting (short, medium, long); the shape of the leaves and fruits; the size and color of the fruit, the thickness and consistency of the bark and pulp; seed appearance.
  • Economic quality: precocity, yield, shelf life, resistance to adverse factors.
  • Taste qualities: sweetness and consistency of the pulp, the size of the seed nest, the presence or absence of a shell in the seeds.

Based on these criteria, a pumpkin can be nutmeg, canteen, a hard rock, etc. Such characteristics do not always say a lot to a beginner gardener. That is why we propose to adopt this detailed memo.

The varieties of pumpkin on the external signs

Varieties of pumpkins are divided into bush (compact) plants and types requiring medium or large area depending on the branching and lash length.

Bush varieties (Amazon, Freckle, Smile, Gribovskaya bush) - the best option for a small area.

Pumpkin varieties Gribovskaya bush

Most common on garden plots medium lash gourds, eg, Altai, Sweetie, Medical, Russian.

Long varieties: Volga gray, Winter sweet, Dawn, Almond, 100 pound.

By cold resistance

When choosing a variety, it should be borne in mind that the temperature-demanding pumpkins can be grown using the greenhouse method and / or through seedlings.

Cold resistant varieties average (Adagio, Golosemyanka, Danae, Sweetie), and later (Atlant, 100 pounda) ripeness in regions with a short warm period require the application of the seedling method.

Cold resistance varieties

  • For northern latitudes: Adagio, Altai, Medical.
  • For temperate climate: Freckles, Gribovskaya bush, Russian woman, Smile.
  • Heat-loving: Amazon, Volga gray, Gribovskaya winter, Tiny.

Adagio Pumpkin Varieties

Pumpkin varieties by application

Depending on the purpose of pumpkin, varieties are divided into:

  • Dining rooms: Baby, Sweet, Healing, Gribovskaya winter, Smile, Adagio, Russian.
  • Feed (for animals):Large-fruited 1, Record, Titan.
  • Decorative: Cobra, Little Orange, Little Warty, Baby Boo, Ten Praise, Cou-Tor Hative.
  • Universal: Altai, Vitamin, Volzhskaya gray, Gribovskaya bush, Russian woman, 100 pound, Centner.

The way in which pumpkin pulp is consumed depends on the variety.

Baby Boo Boots

Many table pumpkins (Adagio, Medical, Russian, Smile) versatile and suitable for making juice, cereals, dietary baby food, salads, etc. For the stuffing choose varieties with fruits of small size, for example, Sweetmeat - convenient option for one-time (portion) use.

There are special varieties recommended for baby and diet food, juicing:Amazon, Dawn, Muscat Vitamin, Almond, Children's Delicacy.

Decorative pumpkins are plants with the fruits of bizarre shapes and unusual color. Typically, these pumpkins do not go to the table, and are used to create floral arrangements and home decor.

Varieties of pumpkin on the softness of the bark and the size of the fruit

Pumpkin has a large variety of varieties, which, depending on the softness of the bark, the size of the fruit and taste of the pulp are divided into 3 groups:

  • Large-fruited. Fruits are rounded with a soft crust. Varieties of large pumpkins are most common due to their high yields and records in fruit weight (up to 20 kg).
  • Nutmeg. Fruits are round or cylindrical with a soft crust. Butternut squash has a high content of sugars and carotene (vitamin A).
  • Hardened. Fruits with woody bark, rounded or cylindrical. Hard-bodied squash gives way to nutmeg yield. Both varieties (nutmeg and durdogory) are ahead of many large-fruited varieties in storage time.

Varieties of large pumpkins

Large pumpkins differ in a variety of varieties, including popular breeding products.

Pumpkin varieties Rossiyanka

Early ripe varieties

SortFruit weightTerms of ripeningStorageSpecial features

Therapeutic
3-5 kg95-105 daysall winter, sometimes until the beginning of MayResistant to low temperatures and diseases, suitable for cultivation in the Urals and Siberia, as it withstands the variability of the summer climate (up to -2⁰C). Fruits are flattened, gray-green tint.
Russian woman up to 20 kg 90-100 days fruits sustained till December-January become juicier Cold-resistant, suitable for cultivation in the central regions of the Russian Federation, as well as in Siberia. Fruits are bright orange, resemble a top.
Smile 1-3 kg 85 days until January at room temperature Universal grade for a temperate climate. Fruits are medium-sized, bright orange, striped. Sometimes the variety is referred to as hard-tailed pumpkins.
Amazon 1-1.5 kg 80-100 days 120-130 days Heat-loving, in cold areas grown through seedlings. Fruits are orange, slightly flattened, with light stripes.

Mid-season varieties

SortFruit weightTerms of ripeningStorageSpecial features
Volga grayup to 10 kg, sometimes more100-120 days long storageDrought-resistant, well cultivated in the Black Soil Zone. This variety is considered the standard of taste due to the sweetness and juiciness of the fruit pulp. Fruits are gray and slightly flattened.
Sweetie1.2-2 kg 115-138 days stored until January in dry ventilated areasSuitable for growing in the non-black earth zone, but prefers light soils. In cold climates it is grown through seedlings. Fruits are red-orange, one of the sweetest.
Baby1-3 kg90-120 daysstorage for more than 6 months with improved tasteThe size of the fruit decreases sharply with insufficient watering, a good variety for the zone of the Lower Volga. Fruits are light, slightly flattened.
Gribovskaya winter3-4 kg130-145 dayscan be stored for more than a year at 10-12⁰CFor the southern regions, it is resistant to typical pumpkin diseases. Fruits are light, oblate with small segmentation.

Pumpkin varieties Volga gray

Varieties of nutmeg pumpkins

The choice of nutmeg pumpkins is limited to three heat-loving varieties (fruit weight, ripening time):

SortFruit weightTerms of ripeningStorage
Vitaminup to 7 kg128 daysThe peculiarity of the nutmeg fruits is that the gustatory qualities reach the peak level during storage, therefore this pumpkin is also called “winter”. Early harvested fruit, during storage ripen.
Pearlup to 7.5 kg105 days
Prikubanskayaup to 4 kg115 days

Pumpkin Varieties Pearl

Varieties of hard pumpkins

SortFruit weightMaturationSpecial features
Adagio2.5-3 kgMid seasonSuitable for northern areas. Fruits in the form of turban, the concentration of carotene in the pulp is higher than in carrots.
Freckle0.6-3 kg Early maturingSuitable for growing in the Far East. Fruits are yellow-green color, pulp with pear aroma.
Gribovskaya bushup to 4.8 kgEarly maturingSuitable for temperate latitudes, often grown by seedling method. Fruits are cylindrical, orange colored with green stripes.

Pumpkin Varieties Freckles

 

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We hope this article was useful to you, and now you can easily pick pumpkin seeds of suitable varieties.

Watch the video: Top 5 Microgreens You Must Grow (August 2019).