With mixed plantings, the plants will be less likely to hurt, their productivity and taste will increase, and nutrients will be evenly distributed between different cultures. Learn more about joint landings right now.
Experienced gardeners have long noticed the influence of some plants on others and are trying to plant positively affecting each other’s crops side by side. Plants "buddies" promote mutual growth and development, increase the mutual yield, and also scare away harmful and attract beneficial insects. How to "build" such a symbiosis on the site?
Planted plants together in several ways and for different purposes. Usually, there are several types of “stool” plants for symbiotic gardens.
When mixed plantings can be more efficient use of garden area
1. Plant Protectors
High and sprawling crops create a natural barrier to the direct rays of the sun, strong winds and garden pests. Due to their size, greens of smaller dimensions develop in a special microclimate, accelerating its growth.
2. Fertilizer plants
Most leguminous crops actively absorb nitrogen from the soil and accumulate it in their root system. Stocks of "fertilizer number 1" is even more than necessary, so the green mans readily share them with their neighbors.
3. Plants that attract insects and birds
Bright, colorful and fragrant flowers filled with nectar, regularly attract butterflies and bees to the site. Little helpers do not forget to "look at the light" and on the flowers of fruit crops, simultaneously pollinating them and increasing the harvest. Many plants also attract beneficial insects and birds that naturally destroy pests.
4. Pest repellent plants
Spicy and fragrant herbs disorient insects and rodents with their smell and scare them away from vegetable crops. For example, the smell of onions can not stand the hares and rabbits, and the elderberry - the mouse. The aromas of other plants, on the contrary, are so strong that they shift attention to themselves, distracting themselves from vegetable plantings. Aphids are just crazy about nasturtium: a bed of these flowers will lure an insect and protect the garden with pepper from the encroachment of the pest.
5. Allopathy - chemotherapy of neighboring plants
All plants secrete biologically active substances (phytoncides, antibiotics, colins, etc.) that affect nearby cultures. So, marigolds have a very strong effect - in addition to the substances mentioned, they produce thiophene - a substance with a strong odor. It is believed that it is thanks to the neighborhood with marigolds that a bindweed will never grow near your landings.
This property of plants, as allelopathy, can be used for fruit ripening, as well as flower composition. So, dandelion produces ethylene, which accelerates the ripening of fruits, so this weed is even useful for apples and vegetables.
6. Plants to improve taste.
Some gardeners believe that certain crops can influence the taste of the fruit. Herbs like basil and monarda enhance the taste of tomatoes. This is most likely due to the enrichment of the soil around the bushes with aromatic substances.
Pay attention to any ecosystem - forest, field, pond. Rarely when you can find a large plot of land occupied by a single culture. Extensive rectangular fields and strict forest belts are the work of man. Meadows are occupied by a variety of grasses and flowers, in the forest not only different types of trees but also mosses, ferns, and bushes coexist. And homogeneous fields planted with one crop, as practice shows, eventually return to their original diversity.
The combination and alternation of crops allows to avoid unilateral depletion of the soil in relation to any single nutrient
Of course, no one wants to get a "bunch" of weeds in addition to planted crops, but it is this system that is considered to be balanced and natural. It can only be slightly modified using the method of mixed plantings. To do this, you need to know about the compatibility of plants and plant them in small "colonies".
Observant lovers of plants have long noticed that they grow best on the boundaries of ecosystems: forest-field, forest-pond, field-pond. In order to repeat the “borderline” state of such systems, spiral beds are sometimes arranged. Their border is gradually expanding, but each “curl” can form a small micro system with its own climate and features. For example, the higher the spiral is located, the warmer and drier it is at its high point. In a swirling bed, moving from the center to the outer ring of the helix, the following plants can be planted: sorrel, valerian, onion, peppermint, sage nutmeg, sage oak, garden thyme, oregano, strawberry, sage, cumin, rosemary.
For the first time, allocate some space for mixed landings to experiment.
The main thing with mixed landings - to observe the "middle ground". Excessive amount of some plants will oppress others, but in moderation they will help each other. It will require a creative approach and careful observation.
Once again about the compatibility of cultures
For successful cultivation, you should choose the main crop, around which the rest of the plants will "dance". Most often in the center of the composition are placed tomatoes, cucumbers or potatoes. Under them steals favorable "neighbor". For tomato, for example, salad and spinach are good neighbors. They will give a harvest before tomatoes, while their delicate greens will be under the protection of tall bushes of tomato. After harvesting, the salad can be planted again, additionally “enhancing” the planting with herbs.
The main crop, which requires a lot of time to ripen, can return to the bed no earlier than in three years
Consider the maturity of different cultures. If one crop matures earlier, then after harvesting it is necessary to urgently find a replacement plant. The earth should not remain empty, it is mulched or sown with green manure.
Mandatory rules when planting a number of plants of different groups:
- tall and sprawling plants should be planted next to those that need partial shade;
- plants with a deep root system get along better with those whose roots are shallow;
- next to plants in need of nutrition, you need to plant those that are not so demanding on nutrients.
Examples of plants with deep root system: tomato, pepper, eggplant, cabbage, leek, carrot, parsnip, radish, celery, beet, pumpkin, all legumes (except peas).
Examples of plants with a superficial root system: potatoes, lettuce, peas, corn, cucumber, onion, radish, melon, spinach, kohlrabi, parsley.
Sealing landings on the site - not always a necessary measure. Experienced gardeners have long known about the benefits of alternating crops and mixed plantings. It is thanks to them that it is possible to obtain abundant harvests naturally.