Decorative bows (aliums) are striking in their diversity and beauty. Of these, on the alpine hill you can create an attractive alaria. In the article we will tell how to do it.
Decorative bow looks great not only in the flowerbed. Bright inflorescences on high stems look good in fresh and dry bouquets. In the cut, they remain fresh for about two weeks, but the water in the vase has to be changed often to get rid of the specific onion smell.
Preparing a place for alaria
Autumn is the best time to plant a decorative bow. Due to resistance to cold in winter, they will not die from frost, and in spring and summer they will help to drive away from the beds of soil insects, rodents, garden ants, butterflies and beetles, which do not like onion smell.
It is advisable to place alaria in the most lighted area near buildings or fences. And if an original garden path leads to such a flowerbed, a flower garden with decorative bows will look even more spectacular.
Dig the area reserved for alaria, remove the weeds and part of the soil, spill the soil with a solution of Fitosporin, diluted according to the instructions. Then place the drainage (expanded clay or broken brick), fill it with sand (15 cm layer), compact and evenly distribute the nutrient soil. To do this, mix a bucket (10 liters) of rotted compost, 1 cup of lime, 2 tbsp. superphosphate and 1.5 tbsp. potassium sulfate (it can be replaced with 2 glasses of wood ash).
Alleiah overlaid on the contour with large stones, dig them in the ground by half. This is necessary so that prolonged rains and frequent glazes do not erode the alpine slide.
We select decorative onions at the time of flowering
Most alliums are perennial plants that can grow in one place for at least 5 years, so the choice of these crops should be taken responsibly. In order to create a flower bed continuously blooming all summer, it is necessary to select the types of onions that produce flower stalks at different times of the growing season.
Giant or giant bow
On high (usually human height) inflorescences in May - early June Large purple ball-flowers (about 15 cm in diameter), which consist of small flowers-asterisks, bloom. This plant also has spectacular green leaves in the shape of an ellipse.
This plant is often called drumsticks. It is characterized by unusual oval inflorescences (about 3 cm in diameter) of pink or burgundy color, which appear on high peduncles July - early August.
Pretty onion or pretty
This decorative bow is interesting with small purple flowers, gathered in loose umbellate inflorescences, which are located on drooping pedicels. Blossom accounts for August.
Consider the size of plants
When creating alaria, be sure to consider the size and texture of the leaves, the height of the peduncles, so that the plants do not overshadow each other. Low-growing bows are better placed on the top and at the foot of the alpine slide, and in the center of the composition, place tall and medium grown alliums.
Undersized decorative bows
Plants up to 30 cm.
The large flower stalk of this unusual allium is buried in the ground. In June, purple or white inflorescences bloom on it, under which are wide gray-green leaves, often with a red or pinkish border.
Golden onions, or Moli
This attractive plant also blooms in June. On it appear flat inflorescences-umbrellas with a diameter of 7 cm, consisting of bright yellow flowers, similar to miniature lilies.
This is a type of primordial onion. In early summer, the plant produces flower stalks with loose crimson-lilac inflorescences, which consist of small flowers, similar to the pentagram sign: they have 6 petals, 3 of which, located one, are shorter than the others. And the long and narrow leaves of the plant exude a fragrance uncharacteristic for onions.
Medium decorative bows
Plants 40-60 cm high.
This spectacular plant is called the Star of Persia, because its lilac flowers are like asterisks. They are collected in large inflorescences (up to 25 cm in diameter) and do not fade for a month and a half. After the end of flowering, these volumetric balls with stars do not crumble, but harden and dry. These inflorescences make excellent winter bouquets.
This allium has unusual flat leaves, gathered near the root in the form of a fan, and drooping pink or white flowers, "sitting" on the peduncles about 50 cm high.
Pedicels of various heights (from 2 to 20 cm) “shoot” with purple, firework-like, inflorescences-spheres with greenish-pink flowers.
Tall decorative bows
Plants in height of 70-120 cm.
The inflorescences of this plant are small (with a diameter of 4-7 cm) bluish-purple balls, which are located on high peduncles.
Sicilian onion or honey garlic
Straight peduncles of this plant are decorated with pale pink or dairy bells, tilted down. Inflorescences are very attractive for bees that make healthy onion honey.
White hemispherical inflorescences bloom on a powerful hollow flower stalk. Leaves - cylindrical, fistulous, straight, 2-3 cm thick.
This plant is also called mountain garlic. It has tasty and healthy leaves and bulbs, as well as spherical inflorescences of yellow flowers with numerous stamens protruding in different directions. From a distance, these balls seem fluffy.
Sowing decorative onions
Allium seeds are recommended to be sown before winter on a separate bed, and transplanted to an alpine slide (together with a clod of earth) - only when the plants are fully formed. In winter, the seeds will undergo stratification (quenching), thanks to which they will sprout in spring.
Low-growing decorative onions bloom in the third year after sowing, and medium and tall - only in the fifth.
If you want to grow allium from a mature onion, in the beginning of autumn, dig a narrow well for it in dry soil, 3 times as deep as the height of the onion, plant it there, sprinkle it with rotted compost and spread it with a peat of 2-3 cm.
An example of an alpine slides of decorative onions
If you have no experience creating alaria, try to plant a decorative bow as follows:
- 1 - chives (speed onions);
- 2 - giant bow;
- 3 - onion slant;
- 4 - blue onion;
- 5 - wild garlic (onion);
- 6 - karatav onions;
- 7 - onion slizun;
- 8 - pskem onions;
- 9 - Ostrovsky bow;
- 10 - thyme (thyme).
Features care for a decorative bow
Although these plants are considered unpretentious, they need to be watered properly, especially during planting and during the flowering period. Water onions regularly as the soil dries.
To admire the lush flowering, can not do without fertilizing complex fertilizer. In May add 2 tbsp to the soil. drug Agricola Vegeta and 1 tbsp. urea diluted in 10 liters of water. At the end of June, apply 1 tbsp. Agricola-2 for onions and garlic, and in the first half of September - 2 tbsp. Effecta-O and 1 tbsp. superphosphate.
Some alliums need special care. For example, the bows of Schubert and Christopher must be dug in the summer after the end of flowering and carried off to a period of rest in a dry and well-ventilated room. And in late September, again planted in a flower bed.
A pretty onion, unlike its “brethren,” is thermophilic and needs shelter for the winter. Therefore, it should be planted at the edge of the flower bed, so that you have the opportunity to approach the plant.
So that at the end of the summer and autumn alaria does not look neglected, regularly remove the dried onion leaves. Also on the alpine hill you can plant stunted grasses (bentholes, pike), spicy herbs (thyme, mint, herb cloves). These plants will mask the flaws in the flower garden. The decorating "function" is also successfully performed by the bows, which do not shed their leaves throughout the whole season - slizun, branched, ramson, chives, bow bowed.
Do you grow ornamental alliums in a flower garden or do you prefer a modest and familiar garden onion?