Growing clematis from seeds at home is not easy, because the seeds of this plant require special preparation. But with all the subtleties of planting, you can get beautiful vines in your garden.
Some types of clematis (clematis) are very different from each other. Among the representatives of this genus are herbaceous plants, subshrubs and vines. The latter are the most popular. Clematis flowers differ in shape and color. Therefore, the seeds of this plant are different. Their appearance depends on the type and variety.
What are the seeds of clematis
Clematis seeds can be:
- Small (size from 1.5 × 3 to 3 × 5 mm). They sprout from 2 weeks to 4 months. Such seeds are in clematis of borschikovikolistnogo, Tangut (popular varieties - Helios, Love Locator), Farghez.
- Average (from 3 × 5 to 5 × 6 mm) - in Manchurian, whole-leaved, vine-growing, etc. clematis. The seeds sprout from one and a half to six months.
- Large (from 5 × 6 mm to 1 × 1.2 cm) - in clematis violet (Vititsell), direct, stinging, Siberian, alpine, etc. Such seeds can sprout about a year. Many gardeners lack the patience to wait for the emergence of shoots, so these clematis are more often grown from cuttings.
Clematis seeds have a bizarre shape: a long tail departs from a round or oval seed
Step 1 - Stratification and Seeding of Clematis Seeds
Since medium and large clematis seeds germinate rather long and unfriendly, they must first be prepared for sowing - stratified. It should be noted that this is a long process and takes approximately 90 days. Therefore, if you decide to plant clematis saplings in open ground in late spring, then seed preparation should begin in mid-November - early December.
After cold stratification, seeds sprout as early as 10–20 days after sowing.
In early spring, clematis seeds are sown in a container with soil mixture consisting of equal parts of peat, sand and garden soil and sprinkled, then the ground must be rolled. Remember that the sowing depth of seeds depends on their size, so large ones are buried 2 cm, medium ones - by 1 cm. Then a container with soil mixture for several months should be kept at a temperature from 0 to 5 ° С under the snow layer about 20 cm). Seeds of medium size are sufficient to stratify within one month, and for large ones at least three are needed. After the containers with crops placed in a warm place and until the emergence of shoots make sure that the soil was constantly wet (but not wet!).
- Perennial seed stratification - detailed instructions with photosThe most effective ways to stratify the seeds of various ornamental crops.
If you decide to stratify clematis seeds in the snow, do not forget to protect them from rodents with a fine mesh or durable plastic container.
When there is no time for stratification, it is possible to increase the germination of clematis seeds by soaking (for 5 days), while the water needs to be changed every 3-4 hours. After which the seeds must be bubbled for a week. A small seed before sowing enough for a few days to soak.
At the end of the preparatory work, clematis seeds are sown in boxes or pots with a fertile substrate and placed in a room with an air temperature of 21-25 ° C on an illuminated window sill and watered regularly. After the first shoots appear, they need to provide good lighting and at the same time protect from direct sunlight.
Step 2 - Cleave Clematis Seedlings
When the seedlings have two true leaves, the plants should be unpacked in separate containers or in bulk boxes so that the distance between the shoots is 15-20 cm. For transplantation, you need to use light, loose soil that is well breathable. Carefully remove the seedling together with a lump of soil and transplant it into a new container so that the root system of the plant can develop freely (the ground cannot be tamped!).
After transplantation, to avoid rotting, as well as to simplify the access of useful substances to the root system of young plants, watering should be carried out only in the pan. Moisturizing should be regular, but moderate. When it gets warmer outside (in regions where returnable frosts are possible - no earlier than summer), transplant the clematis into a flower garden.
If there is a heated greenhouse, seedlings can be smashed into it. And at the onset of stable warm weather transplanted into open ground.
Step 3 - Planting Clematis seedlings in open ground
Choose a well-lit place for clematis with deep groundwater. At the bottom of the planting pit with a depth of 70-80 cm (so that the root system is free to fit there) make drainage from broken brick. Lower the seedling into the pit, straighten the roots, install a support not lower than 2 m near the plant. Fill the void with fertile soil so that not only the root clematis, but also part of the shoot to the first internode is underground at a depth of 5-10 cm. At the same time to the edges of the pit should be 8-10 cm.
Plant well water and grind peat. As the clematis grows, regularly pour the soil to the root collar. To stimulate the growth of new shoots, periodically pinch the tops. Care for young clematis consists of regular watering and fertilizing. For the first time, feed the plants with urea (1 tsp on a bucket of water), then every 15 days - with a mullein (1:20) or with a mixture of mineral fertilizers (2 tsp on a bucket of water). For the winter, cover the seedlings with burlap or ruberoid.
Clematis small-flowered varieties grown from seeds, under favorable conditions, bloom in the first year after planting in the ground, and the rest - only in the next season.
If you do not want to bother with picking, sow the seeds of clematis in separate containers. And in order to make the task easier for you, try to sow in the fall directly into open ground. In the soil, the seeds will be stratified naturally and will spring in the spring. However, in regions with an unstable climate, fragile plants often freeze out, therefore, in the middle lane, clematis is best grown by seedling.