Tree peony is a spectacular deciduous shrub that can reach 2 m in height. But to grow this beautiful flower, you need to properly plant a seedling and properly care for it.
Peonies can rightly be called long-livers, they can grow in one place up to a hundred years. Therefore, to plant a plant must be approached responsibly.
Tree Peony Planting
The most suitable time for peony planting is from the second half of August to the end of September. Take away a sunny and protected area for the plant. Well, if it is located on a hill and away from the overall structures and trees that can create a shadow.
For good growth tree pion needs loamy soil. If you have sandy soil, add clay, humus, peat and sod land to it. Dilute heavy clay soil with sand and organic fertilizer. In addition, 200-300 g of bone meal or lime are added to the acidic soil. It is desirable that the level of acidity was in the range of 6-7 pH.
Peony tolerates transplant very poorly, so keep in mind that the plant will live here for many years
Dig a hole in the form of a cone, 70 cm in depth and diameter (near the surface). At the bottom, place a drainage of broken brick, gravel or expanded clay with a layer of 20 cm. Then pour rotten manure and fertile soil into the hole so that you get a small mound. Put there a sapling of peony and immediately pour it abundantly. Under the action of water, the earth will settle, and the peony roots will spread out in the soil.
When water is absorbed, cover the pit with earth so that the root neck of the plant is at the level of the soil surface. Soil trampling is not necessary.
If you plan to plant several copies of peonies, prepare pits for them no closer than 1.5-2 m from each other.
If you bought a peony seedling in the spring, do not wait for the onset of autumn. It can be planted on the site in April-May. How to do it correctly, read our detailed master class.
Tree Peony Care
The main activities that need to be carried out throughout the growing season - watering, loosening the soil (after each watering) to a depth of 5 cm and weed removal. Usually, peonies are watered 2 times a month: 6-7 liters of water for each bush. But it is better to focus on weather conditions. In the heat of the plants need more moisture.
Also in summer it is useful to mulch the soil around the bush with humus. In August, gradually reduce watering, and in the fall and completely stop.
The pledge of the rapid growth of the bush peony tree and its abundant flowering - timely watering and proper feeding
To achieve lush flowering, do not forget feed up peonies. In the spring (during active growth) they need nitrogen fertilizers, during the formation of buds - in phosphate and potash fertilizers, and in the flowering period - in all three main nutrients.
But note: you need to be careful with nitrogen. It is better to let it in the soil will contain less than the norm, than to overfeed the plants. Excess nitrogen reduces the resistance of pions to diseases (in particular, to gray rot) and frost.
To tree bush peony was healthy and beautiful, it is necessary to form. Every year in spring (during bud swelling), remove dry and damaged shoots from the bush, shorten old and weakened branches to 10-15 cm, and cut the rest to the upper axillary bud.
Experienced growers recommend every 20 years to prune tree peony bushes almost to the soil surface. This technique will rejuvenate the plants and awaken adventitious buds at the base of the shoots.
In October, tie the shoots of the tree peony, near-stem circle grumble peat With the onset of frost cover peonies of spruce branches, burlap or spunbond. In the spring, when the kidneys "wake up", remove the shelter.
Tree peonies are not afraid of spring return frosts
Peonies are fairly resistant to diseases and pests. But with illiterate care, weakened bushes can be affected by gray rot. Sick plants should be sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate (3 g per 10 liters of water) or 0.6% solution of copper sulphate.
Old bushes can suffer from rotting roots, and often the disease spreads as they divide. It is necessary to thoroughly clean the affected areas, cover the cut sites with crushed charcoal and treat with 1% copper sulphate.
When brown spots are found, diseased peony leaves are collected and destroyed, and the whole bush is sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
If you still failed to save peonies from dangerous diseases, read our article on how to cure these flowering plants from common ailments.