Fruitful cherries for Moscow region (photos and descriptions)

Selecting fruitful sorts of cherries for the Moscow region, you need to pay attention to two important characteristics: the resistance of trees to frost and to such a dangerous disease for cherry as coccomycosis.

In order to make it easier for you to decide, we chose the best varieties that have both high frost resistance and coccomycosis. All of them are suitable for cultivation in the suburbs.

In varieties of cherries, resistance to coccomycosis should be high, because in the Moscow region this disease is quite widespread and sometimes causes serious damage to plants.

Revival

It seems that this variety does not suffer from anything and never, its immunity is so strong. But not only good health is famous Revival, as well as annual and stable, due to high winter hardiness, yield. The trees of this variety are characterized by restrained growth, large and tasty fruits with dark red skin and juicy, fragrant pulp.

Cherries can be eaten fresh or used for any type of processing. Even if these trees are planted in the country and rarely go there to visit, do not indulge them with care, nothing bad will happen to them, because, in addition to all its advantages, this variety is resistant to drought. Well, the fruits "will reach" to the house without any problems, because they are transported well even fully ripe.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
4-5 year2,5-32,5-3,2Early JulyCoral, Crystal, Lyubskaya

A toy

The name reflects the appearance of the fruit - they are so large, expressive, with a uniform color (dark red when fully ripe), which, indeed, resemble artificial cherries-toys. The tree is also like a toy - neat, with an ideal, spherical shape of the crown, but its dimensions are not at all “doll-like”. Fruits taste excellent, sweet and sour, however, they contain a large amount of sugars.

You can eat berries directly from the tree, and you can make juice from them, make jam and freeze cherries for the winter. The undoubted advantages of a variety include high yield: you can easily collect more than 70 kg (!) Of fruits from an adult tree. Alas, have Toys and a disadvantage - in especially severe winters, flower buds can partially freeze in trees, then crop loss can reach up to 80%.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 3 year2,5-37,8-8,5Early JulyMinx, Samsonovka and cherry variety Large fruit

Coral

This variety has many advantages, but the most important thing is the late flowering, due to which trees do not fall under frosts and produce crops every year. Besides, Coral hardy and resistant to coccomycosis.

The gardener will be pleased with the oval shape of the crown, the short growth of the tree, thanks to which all the fruits can be picked from a small stepladder, as well as the fact that the birds with a very pleasant taste are not particularly favored by birds. There is simply no disadvantage in this variety, except that the tolerance of transportation is rather poor, but if you grow cherries for yourself, this indicator is not particularly important.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 3 year2,5-34,5-5,5 Late July - early AugustAbundant, Gnome, Alatyrskaya

Crystal

Another very interesting variety that does not freeze even in the most severe winters and does not suffer from coccomycosis. It can be placed even in small areas, because the trees of this variety are compact with a pyramidal crown, which will not give a big shadow. Berries Crystal sour-sweet, very good for processing. The trees are not afraid of drought, and the fruits are well transported. The disadvantages of the variety include only the average resistance to moniliosis.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
3-4 year2,8-3,24,8-5,7 Beginning - mid JulyCoral, Crystal, Lyubskaya

Lyubskaya

Experienced, time-tested and Russian frosts variety, which for more than five decades, pleases gardeners and annual crops, and tasty fruits. Cherries of dark red color with delicate and juicy pulp cannot be called dessert ones, they are more suitable for processing, besides, their mass is not very large. But on the other hand, harvesting is a pleasure - the trees are low, the fruits hang for a long time without falling off, and when they are removed, they are easily separated from the stalk.

This is one of the few varieties of cherries, the trees of which can be used for decorative purposes, because they bloom for more than a week, very magnificently, beautifully. On top of that, the fruits are very well transported, so you will take the harvest from the house to the house in complete safety.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
2-3 year1,8-2,53,8-4,0Late July - early AugustAnadolskaya, Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Lotova, Fertile Michurina, Shpanka Early

Youth

A more modern variety, which appeared on our sites at the end of the last century. It has absorbed many positive qualities, among which are short stature and a rounded crown convenient for picking fruits with drooping shoots, and rather large maroon berries, very tasty both in fresh form and in numerous processed products.

In addition, the variety is very productive - from such a low tree you can collect up to 15 kg of ripe cherries! I would recommend having it on my site not only to residents of the Moscow region, but also other regions of Russia. The only drawback is that in very wet years the trees can still suffer from coccomycosis and moniliasis to an average degree.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
2-3 year2,0-2,54,0-4,5End of julySamoplodny variety that does not need pollinators

Turgenevka

This variety is perfect for lovers of "traditional" cherries. His trees sredneroslye with a crown of medium thickness. This means that about once every 2-3 years you will have to carry out their sanitary pruning, otherwise the crown may thicken, and yields will decrease.

Fruits of the variety will also be enjoyed by all those who love the cherry flavor, they are moderately sweet with pronounced sourness, excellent for jams and compotes. The undoubted advantages of a variety are its resistance to moniliosis and coccomycosis, high winter resistance and drought resistance, as well as sufficient yield. Alas, there is a drawback - in especially severe winters, flower buds can freeze over, from which yields are reduced by 35-40%.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 5 year2,5-3,04,8-5,0Beginning - mid JulySelf-fertile, but for better pollination a variety can be planted nearby Vladimirskaya

The varieties, which will be discussed below, have more tasty fruits, but they are slightly less winter-hardy than the previous ones. They are suitable for the southern regions of the Moscow region.

Memory Enikeeva

Winter hardiness in this variety is average, so these trees are best grown in regions with moderately cold winters. But the variety has a lot of advantages: it is self-propelled, and you will not need to plant other varieties for pollination, it quickly becomes fruiting and has stable yields. But the most important thing is its fruits.

They are large, with a small bone, dark red color and surprisingly pleasant, harmonious taste. It is pleasant to eat these cherries fresh, they are suitable for all types of processing. On top of that, the variety is heat and drought resistant, which is especially important for summer residents visiting their sites not often.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
3-4 year2,5-2,84,3-4,6Beginning - mid July Self-fertile

Rastorguevskaya

Modern variety bred at the beginning of the XXI century. This means that breeders have corrected past mistakes and obtained new results. Many people consider this variety as a reference, although it has some drawbacks - moderate winter hardiness and susceptibility to coccomycosis (in especially wet years). However, the merits of Rastorguevskaya cherries are much more: this is the rapid entry into fruiting, and self-fertility (the ability of trees to tie fruit without the pollen of other varieties), and the excellent taste of large berries.

Juicy, dark red fruits, suitable both as a dessert and for any kind of processing, as well as low growth of trees make this variety one of the most beloved and desired in most of the territory of Russia.

 

Entry into fruitingTree height (m)Fruit weight (g)HarvestPollinator varieties
For 3 year2,5-2,74,0-4,1Beginning - mid July Self-fertile

In conclusion, I would like to remind all gardeners that planting stone fruits, such as cherries, preferably in the spring, so the risk of freezing of still weak trees is minimized. But to buy seedlings not only of the above varieties, but also of any other, it is better in the fall, because the choice of seedlings is greater and the quality of planting material is better.

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