What varieties of eggplant are suitable for the Moscow region

Eggplants have learned to grow in the Urals and Siberia, so compared to the harsh Siberian conditions, Moscow is just a paradise for them. There are nine varieties that have demonstrated good germination and high yield in temperate climates.

Eggplant is one of the most thermophilic cultures. It used to be that it was unrealistic to grow this solanaceous crop with a growing season of 100-120 days in temperate climates and, in particular, in the Moscow region. However, the breeders were able to adapt this heat-loving plant to the temperate climate near Moscow and the lack of sun. Of course, for these conditions it is better to pick up early and middle-ripening varieties and grow them only by seedling.

Agate F1

Quite a productive variety with medium-sized bushes. Planting density should not exceed 6 plants per 1 sq. M. The variety was repeatedly tested in the Moscow region and it was found that in order to fully grow seeds should be sown no later than mid-May. At the same time, they can be sown directly in open ground, covering the planting with film for the night. The fruits of juicy purple color, cylindrical shape with a pleasant flesh, which is absolutely not bitter. Therefore cook eggplant varieties Agate F1 without soaking in salt water. The variety is quite resistant to pests and diseases, the bushes need regular watering and fertilizing, but they do not tolerate autumn frosts.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

 5-7230-260100-110White

Very noticeable and original grade. First of all, it is remarkable, because of the unusual coloring of the fruits - they are light green and more likely resemble large, smooth-skinned cucumbers. Fruiting is plentiful even in spite of the unstable weather in the Moscow region. Sowing of seeds is recommended to be carried out in February-March with the obligatory growing of seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Surprisingly, in the process of cooking or pickling, eggplants of this variety can be combined with fruits of other varieties. Alenka practically do not affect the pests (apparently, they are frightened off by the unusual appearance of the plant), and with the right agricultural technology, it will produce a stable crop.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

 6-8300-330105-110Greenish

Fame to this variety brought its high yield. Although outwardly, the bush is not too impressive - it grows no higher than 70-80 cm. Depending on the environmental conditions, eggplants of this variety can grow in the conditions of open ground and in the greenhouse. It is recommended to sow seeds in the middle of March. Pear-shaped fruit with dark-purple skin. Pulp without bitterness, which is very convenient for culinary experiments. The variety is almost immune to the two main diseases of eggplants: cucumber and tobacco mosaic. True, resistance to other diseases is low, so the plant must be constantly fed, watered and engaged in prevention.

 

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

 7-9350-400120-140Greenish

Bagheera F1

This hybrid variety can be called one of the most successful breeding products, since it has turned out to be high-yielding and resistant to a variety of diseases. Seeds are advised to plant in mid-March, and the bushes are designed exclusively for greenhouse cultivation. Externally, the fruits look very attractive and long remain marketable. Their length reaches 20 cm. The flesh is very pleasant to the taste, almost without bitterness. The variety is resistant to most diseases and is not susceptible to pests.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

6-8250-350100-110Light green

This eggplant you definitely will not confuse with any other. Fruits are dark purple, elongated saber-shaped, very large and by weight significantly superior to fruits of other varieties. There is little seed in them, so the culinary properties of "blue" exceed all expectations. Especially delicious dishes are obtained from toasted slices or pieces of vegetables. Bushes almost does not infect the spider mite. The grade is recommended for cultivation in the winter, spring heated and unheated greenhouses.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

6-8250-350100-110Light green

Gisele F1

This early variety has a high yield, even if the plants are planted in open ground. Sowing seeds is recommended in mid-March, and seedlings can be transplanted from May 25 to June 10. Bushes grow compact with a height of only about 120 cm. The fruits are round cylindrical in shape, very large and tasty. The skin is dark purple, almost black. No restrictions on cooking eggplant varieties Gisele F1 not. In addition to the excellent taste qualities, the fruits retain a fresh look for a long time and do not deteriorate. This variety is not very popular due to the fact that when growing it is necessary to strictly follow the agrotechnology, regularly feed the plants and loosen the ground around them. But if you follow these simple rules of care, Giselle F1 will surprise you with a generous harvest.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color

10-15300-500110-120White with a gray tint

The variety is interesting to Moscow-based summer residents primarily because of its precocity and versatility - vegetables can be grown both in open ground and under film cover. Planted in May, the seedlings will give the first fruits in July (with greenhouse cultivation) or August (in open ground conditions). Shrubs grow to 1 m. Fruits of medium size, soft violet color, without bitterness, they can be "salted and sour". Robin Hood not very resistant to diseases, but copes with adverse weather conditions.

 

PurposeProductivity (kg / 1 sq. M)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color

6-8

250-300

90-110

Bright white

The early ripe grade with low bushes (from 70 to 100 cm), is recommended for cultivation on small sites, in small homestead and farms under film shelter. The fruits are small, oval, matte mauve with excellent taste. These "romantic" eggplants are recommended to be eaten in any form: boiled, stewed, fried, can be used for preservation. The resistance of the variety to disease is average, the plant does not tolerate temperature fluctuations.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

6-8180-270110-120White

The similarity with the literary character in this variety of eggplants really is. Although the bushes grow to 150 cm in height, they have a rather sprawling and compact rounded crown. But most of all they resemble the squire Don Quixote fruits - in shape and size they resemble indigo tomatoes — round, black, with a slight violet tint. Housewives like to experiment with eggplants of such an atypical type, especially since there are no limitations in the culinary processing of fruits. The plant is very strong, resistant to most diseases and cold, which allows you to grow it far beyond the Urals, not to mention the suburbs.

PurposeProductivity (kg / sq.m)Fruit weight (g)Maturation (days)Pulp color
 

7-9600-800120-130Yellowish white

In this review, we brought the most popular varieties of eggplants that grow well in the suburbs. They have been cultivated for more than one year, and each time the plants give excellent yields. And what varieties do you grow in similar conditions?

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