In order to have fresh vegetables on the table all summer, some crops can be sown several times per season. And the individual root crops sown in June will be well preserved throughout the winter.
What kind of plants are these and what are the peculiarities of their cultivation during June sowing? Let's see.
Lettuce, arugula or watercress can be grown all season. Spring sowing campaign begins with them, because these crops are quite cold-resistant, and they can be sown at a temperature of 6-8 ° C. In the future, to always have fresh greens on the table, every two weeks you need to sow a new portion of seeds.
The harvest of salad vegetables can be harvested at any stage of ripening. To get the maximum yield of lettuce, you should pay attention to the varieties that you buy. They can be spring, summer and autumn. Plants of summer varieties best tolerate heat.
Salad vegetables love water. Sow the seeds should be in a well-moistened soil, and in dry weather, regularly irrigate. If you do not, the salads will be bitter.
Lettuce salad (top), arugula (bottom left), watercress (bottom right)
Like salad vegetables, dill can be grown on a conveyor belt from early spring to autumn, sowing it once every 10-15 days. To seedlings appear faster, before sowing, seeds can be soaked in hot water (up to 50 ° C). This will help to wash out the substances that prevent germination. After this treatment, the seed should also be held for several days in ordinary water.
Without preliminary seed preparation, dill seedlings appear after 2-2.5 weeks. If they are processed, it will happen much faster. Sow fennel on a bed with loose fertile soil, here it will grow best. Like lettuce, dill needs abundant watering, otherwise its leaves become shallow and coarse.
Do not forget to water the dill during drought
One of the early green crops that is sown throughout the season is spinach. It can be grown in the garden, which later will be occupied by more heat-loving crops. Spinach can also play the role of insulation if it is planted together with other garden crops.
It is worth planting spinach and as an independent plant, because it is very rich in vitamins. Sow the plant with an interval of 20-30 days. From March to July, mature leaves are usually harvested from spinach; from July to mid-August, young leaves are harvested.
The protein content of spinach exceeds even legumes (beans, peas)
Bow on feather
To get a feather onions can be planted throughout the summer. The best varieties are considered Rostov, Bessonovsky, Arzamas. The bulbs should be small (3-4 cm in diameter), they can be planted close to each other.
In the care of onions, which are grown on the feather, there is nothing difficult. The main thing - periodically water the plants and loosen the earth around. The soil composition is undemanding.
Onion grows well together with carrots. Thanks to their "mutually beneficial cooperation" such landings never damage either onion or carrot flies. It is best to plant crops in rows.
In the onion the content is much more vitamin C than in the onion turnip
Until mid-June, you can still sow turnips. Only you need to decide on a suitable grade. Early varieties ripen in 45-60 days, medium - in 60-90 days, late - more than 90 days. The turnip sown in June is great for winter consumption.
Turnip variety is very popular today Golden Ball. Of the early varieties have proven themselves well Tokyo Cross Milan and White Forcing, which give medium-sized root vegetables by the 6th week.
Growing a turnip, remember that it endures the heat worse than cold. Therefore, so that the roots do not grow small, dry and bitter, it is important to water them in a timely manner.
Turnip is suitable for making salads, stews and casseroles
Turnip is not the only root vegetable, which, when sown late, is suitable for winter storage. In June, you can sow and beetroot. In general, during the season it can be sown 3 times: in the spring (for summer consumption), in the early summer (for receiving root crops for winter storage) and in the middle (for growing young beets by autumn).
Grow beets through seedlings - this reduces the time of ripening of the crop
In early June, they also planted bush green beans. They do not collect the beans themselves, but the green pods. In this case, it is worth choosing early ripe varieties of beans. If summer does not appear to be too favorable for the growth of this culture, then it will still benefit from it: like all legumes, beans are an excellent siderat.
Green beans can be bush and curly. The first matures faster
In order to harvest for the winter in June, you can sow and carrots. To do this, usually choose late-ripening varieties. At the same time you should not be afraid that carrots do not have enough time for ripening. Usually roots ripen by October. In addition, there are far fewer problems with the crop sown in June, since the carrot fly is already finishing its harvest raids.
Before sowing, carrot seeds should be held in a glass of hot water (about 50 ° C) in order to wash off the essential oils. As soon as the water turns a light orange color, it should be replaced. When the water has cooled, the seeds should be removed, dried, after which they can be sown.
Carrots planted in June, are well kept all winter
Be sure to sow greens in the garden, because it is very rich in vitamins. As for the root crops, then it all depends on what kind of vegetables you will need in the winter.