Features care biennial plants

Biennials are not particularly popular with gardeners. And in vain! After all, these flowers look great in flowerbeds. Besides, taking care of biennial plants is not that difficult.

The group of biennial plants includes real biennials (they live for exactly 2 years and bloom in the second year) - purple foxglove, medium bell, moonaria, and some perennials (they are grown as biennial plants, because after the second year they become less decorative) - mallow (Stockrose), female Hesperis, carnation Turkish, daisy, forget-me-not, Viola Vittrok.

How to grow biennials?

Biennials sown in open ground or a greenhouse in May-June, in the phase of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings dive, and not later than mid-September, the plants "relocate" to a permanent place in the flower garden. It is important that they have time to take root before the onset of frost.

In early spring, after winter frosts, the roots of plants may protrude from the ground. To prevent this from happening, in the fall (after the onset of cold weather), the biennials mulch with dry leaves or peat. After the snow melts, the mulch is removed.

Biennial herbaceous plants after flowering lose their decorative effect. First of all it concerns forget-me-not, foxglove and Turkish carnation. In these plants it is necessary to cut the aboveground part.

Viola Wittrock (Pansies)

This tricolor violet reaches a height of no more than 30 cm. Depending on the variety and time of planting, it blooms from mid-March to late May or from August to the most frost. The plant prefers sunny spots or penumbra, slightly moist and loose soil.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
--Sowing seeds in a moderately moist substrate, followed by mulching with a thin layer of soil. Optimum temperature - 18 ° ะกPicking After rooting - fertilizing complex fertilizer with low phosphorus contentLanding on a permanent placeMulching with a layer of peat 5 cm thick to avoid stripping the roots in spring
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing with NPK complex fertilizer 1: 2: 1Removing seed podsPinching or pruning extended shootsTop dressing complex fertilizer to stimulate flowering-Removal of dead plants
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Alpine Forget-Me-Not

This is an ideal plant for rockeries and rock gardens. Alpine forget-me-not usually grows no higher than 20 cm, feels best in partial shade and on moist soil, blooms in May-June with small flowers of white, pink or blue color.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
-Sowing on a bed or in a greenhouse in a wet substrate at an air temperature of 20-22 ° CSnapping after 3-4 weeks after germinationTop dressing by complex fertilizer with prevalence of nitrogen. After 2 weeks, the procedure is repeated.Landing on a permanent placeMulching with a layer of peat 5 cm thick to avoid stripping the roots in spring
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing with nitrogen or organic fertilizerTop dressing complex fertilizerRemoval of dead plants---
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Daisy

This perennial loses its decorative effect and after the second year it blooms very poorly, so it is better to grow it as a biennial. White, pink or red flowers-baskets adorn the flower bed in spring and in the first half of summer. In wet and cool weather, flowering can last until autumn.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
-Sowing seeds in a well-lit place at a temperature of 15-20 ° CPickup after regrowth of the first true leafPickup - if sowing was done in JulyPlanting on a permanent place (the outlet should consist of 6-8 leaves)Mulching with a 5 cm layer of peat to avoid root exposure in the spring
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing complex fertilizerTop dressing by complex fertilizer, division of a bush for reproductionWatering, loosening and weeding as neededDividing bush-Substrate bedding to the base of the bush
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The bell is average

This plant is widely used in gardening flower beds and rabatok, suitable for single and group plantings, as well as for growing in containers. The bell reaches a height of 50-100 cm, large flowers (up to 7 cm in diameter) of blue, blue, burgundy, purple, pink or white color are collected in a multi-flowered brush or paniculate inflorescence. Flowering lasts from June to August. In the third year it blooms weakly, therefore it is more often grown as a biennial.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
Sowing (in regions with a warm climate - it is possible in April). The seeds are mixed with sand and sown superficially in a well-lit place with a temperature of 22 ° CPick after the appearance of 3 true leavesTop dressing by complex fertilizer with the minimum content of phosphorus (this element weakens flowering)Top dressing by complex fertilizer with the minimum content of phosphorusLanding on a permanent placeMulching with a layer of peat 5 cm thick to avoid stripping the roots in spring
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing by complex fertilizer with the minimum content of phosphorusTop dressing with solution of complex mineral fertilizer to stimulate floweringBloomBloomRemoval of dead plants-

Digitalis purpurea

In this plant, on tall (up to 120 cm) erect stems in June, bright and rather large flowers bloom, shaped like bells. Digitalis prefers penumbra, moderate watering (about once a week) and fertilizing with complex fertilizers.

Digitalis is a poisonous plant. It is not recommended to land on sites where small children and pets walk.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
Sowing in a wet substrate in a well-lit place with a temperature of 18-20 ° CA pick at the appearance of 2-3 true leavesTop dressing complex fertilizer with a minimum nitrogen contentTop dressing complex fertilizer NPK 3: 1: 3 (according to the instructions)Landing on a permanent place-
Second year of cultivation
Removal of damaged leaves, substrate bedding, fertilizing with complex fertilizerTop dressing complex fertilizerFlowering, if necessary, garter peduncle, removal of faded stem to stimulate the development of lateral pedunclesBlooming, garter garterRemoval of dead plants-

Malva (Stockrose pink)

The tall stalks of mallow (up to 250 cm) from July to September are covered with large flowers in the shape of a bowl. They can be white, pink, yellow, red, purple, lilac, purple. Stockrose needs moderate watering, garter stalk to the pegs, fungicide treatment and a small shelter for the winter.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
-Surface sowing of seeds at a temperature of 15-20 ° CSowing, pickingPicks, fertilizing complex fertilizerLanding on a permanent placeLanding on a permanent place
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing complex fertilizersProphylactic treatment against rust and blotchFlowering fertilizer complex fertilizersFlowering, treatment of diseases, garter inflorescencesRemoval of dead plants-

Turkish carnation

The fragrant flowers of this attractive plant can be various colors: white, red, pink, burgundy. At the same time, 2-3 colors are often combined in each bud. Inflorescences can be simple and terry. The carnation needs regular removal of weeds, moderate watering, top dressing and loosening the soil.

MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober
First year of cultivation
-Surface sowing of seeds in a lighted place with a temperature of 18-20 ° CPickling of seedlings in the phase of 2-3 leavesTop dressing with nitrogen fertilizers with the addition of potassium or calciumLanding on a permanent placeLanding on a permanent place
Second year of cultivation
Top dressing complex fertilizerTop dressing complex fertilizerBloom. Removing faded inflorescences, grafting, if necessary, propagate the plantBloom. Removing faded inflorescences, grafting, if necessary, propagate the plantRemoval of flowering inflorescencesSubstrate addition, if the plant remains in the flower bed for the third year

As you can see, looking after biennials is easy. Knowing some of the secrets of growing, with the help of these attractive plants you can create a bright flower garden, from which it will be impossible to look away.

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