Shade (and not hide) the beauty of the stones and not all the inhabitants of your garden are able to survive in the difficult conditions of rockeries. Here are 15 plants that will surely be comfortable on a rocky hill and which will delight you for years.
Remember that rock arias is a rather complicated composition, and you shouldn’t plant everything there. Not all flowers, grasses and shrubs can live in such conditions, and it will be labor-intensive to replant them, sorting out mulch and stones. Therefore, plan your planting in advance, select species and varieties, and only after that proceed to the formation of an alpine slide.
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Arabis and Obriet
Are you dreaming of a solid flower carpet, from which the peaks of boulders in some places come out? Then arabis and its smaller copy of obriet are your choice. White, pink, purple, blue and lilac flowers grow very quickly, and bloom from mid-spring to early summer. By the way, in the fall, Obriet may bloom again if it receives enough moisture and light.
You can grow these flowers through seedlings or by sowing directly into the ground; in any case, they will bloom in the second year. From care, they need mulching, periodically (twice a season), application of complex mineral fertilizers and watering in case of a long drought.
Gentian is the recognized pride of any stony garden, prefers well-drained soil and does not tolerate stagnant moisture. The rest of the requirements of this plant depend on the species. Thus, the Chinese decorated gentian prefers acidic soils, the genus Delecluze - calcareous, the American and Tien-Shan gentian grow well in damp areas, and the yellow-flowered gentian is speckled only in dry places. Most gentians are blue, but they grow varieties with yellow and lilac flowers.
The flower can be propagated by seed, cutting, dividing the bush. It can bloom from spring to the cold, depending on the species. The only thing the gentian needs in terms of care is the introduction of drainage for planting and mulching. But fertilizer is better to make no more than once a year, and even then half the norm.
Not a stony garden or slope can do without saxifrage, because even its name suggests that the purpose of the flower is exactly that. It is easy to grow it, and even a beginner can take care of it. Kamnelomk can be propagated both by seeds and by dividing a bush - it survives well in both cases. Among the modern hybrids, we can distinguish the stone-saws of Arends, shadow, hard-leaved, paniculate. Their peduncles reach 20-25 cm in height, and the color can be either traditionally white or pink, crimson, magenta, etc.
Most kamnelomok prefer the sun and partial shade, poor soil, no stagnant moisture. However, before you buy the variety you like, familiarize yourself with its needs, they may differ significantly from the standard ones.
Charming in its artlessness, the Carpathian bell is perfect for flower growers who are rarely in the country, can not constantly care for the plantings and want to admire the flowering for a long time. It perfectly transfers both the sun, and a shade, is capable to do for a long time without watering and does not need top dressing.
Another plus of the bell is that it multiplies by self-sowing and grows easily and blooms even in the most unexpected places, for example, in small pits of stones. The height of its bushes reach 25-30 cm, the diameter of the flower - up to 5 cm, and its color varies from white to blue.
In our gardens, most often there is a pink basil, resembling a huge lily of the valley, but you can grow a whorled cupen, and a narrow-leaved basin with straight stems and flowers in their sinuses.
All baths grow well in partial shade, prefer loose forest land, need a layer of drainage. Kupen are propagated with rhizome segments with a renewal bud or division of a bush. Under good conditions, they can grow, and after a few years they will need to be seated. Kupena likes watering, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture, but is indifferent to dressing.
Do not confuse the shrubs with the same name (and related) herbaceous perennial. Low multicolored paw prints are literally created for stony hills of various sizes. Their height varies from 10 to 40 cm, and colors can be white, yellow, pink, orange, blood-red, etc.
Potentilla can be propagated as seeds (sowing in spring and flowering in the second year), and vegetatively (in spring or autumn). It grows well on any soil, preferring moderate moisture and sunny areas. Remember that in some species of silverweed creeping rooting stems, therefore, from decorating a flower garden, a plant can quickly turn into its problem.
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Born in the mountains of the Mediterranean, succulent looks great in small rockeries or pottery compositions. The most popular can be considered young Caucasian, roofing, cobweb, scattering and spherical.
A young bird easily hybridizes, so if you want to get exactly the same plant, it is advisable to propagate it by dividing the bush.
They plant a young spring, it blooms the same year, and after 2-3 years it forms a dense carpet. It prefers sunny areas, scanty sandy soils with a high content of lime. Watering young in the absence of a long drought is not recommended, and fertilizing can be made no more than once a season and only mineral.
Ash-gray, gray-gray, amethyst or sheep fescue can be a great addition to any cluster of stones, and even more so to properly decorated rockeries. In nature, these perennial rhizome grasses grow in a variety of conditions, so it adapts well in a flower garden.
Sow the fescue before winter or divide the bush in spring or autumn. It grows pretty soon, so you definitely will not go broke on the amount of planting material. Fescue prefers well-drained sunny areas with any type of soil, gratefully responds to mineral fertilizers and mulching.
Bright and unpretentious stonecrop can be found on any rocky hill. This is not surprising, because they are undemanding to soil and moisture, grow equally well in the shade and in the sun, can reach half a meter in diameter and grow in the form of a shrub or herbaceous plants.
White, blue, red and yellow flowers of the stonecrop can be single or umbrella. Sedum is usually planted in spring or autumn, propagating it by dividing the shrub or using the "air roots" that appear on young shoots. With a lack of sunlight, their stems are strongly drawn out, and to preserve the decorativeness of the stonecrop, it is better to cut off faded parts. Water them only in drought, but you need to weed regularly. Unlike many of their neighbors in rockaria, stonecrops love organic fertilizers, including manure.
Neat primrose sockets, one of the first to get out of the ground, will decorate any rockeries. The abundance of shades and varieties allows you to choose the best option for each garden, and the ease of care makes the primula a welcome guest in the flower beds of novice gardeners.
Small spring and auricular primroses can be planted in the fossa between the roots, once every several years sharing the bushes. They will grow equally well in the shade and in the sun, calmly endure a long lack of moisture, and are indifferent to top dressing, since they are accustomed to growing in nature in fairly harsh conditions.
This herbaceous perennial in its natural environment is found in steppes and dry meadows, therefore it prefers planting on sunny, slightly humid areas. Different varieties of it reach a height of 25-35 cm, and flowers can be white, pink, red, purple and violet.
The taproot of the sleep-herb is easily damaged, so she does not like transplants and divisions. Fluffy flowers adorn the flower bed in spring, and carved leaves are good until autumn, and by the cold they change their color to red-orange. They multiply the backache with seeds, and the plants bloom in the second year. At one place they can grow up to 20 years.
Speaking of grouse, most gardeners imagine tall plants with thick stems and red flowers that do not fit into the landscape of a rocky hill. However, medium-sized and multi-colored hazel grouse Kamchatka, Russian, chess and pale-flowered are perfect for this purpose.
Their height reaches 30-40 cm, they bloom for the 2-3rd year after planting, they grow actively, therefore, the grouse must be divided once every 4-5 years. Best of all, these flowers develop on the sunny side of a rocky hill; they are moisture-loving and do not need shelter for the winter.
Another spring flower, capable for some time to turn your rocky hill into a real colorful masterpiece, is low-growing phloxes. To suitable for rockeries include styloid, spread, forked and dwarf species. True, there is a nuance, the plants are afraid of the scorching sun, so they should be planted either on the north side of the rocky hill, or in the shade.
Phloxes are unpretentious, do not need any frequent watering, or feeding, or winter shelter. They do not like organic fertilizers and actively crawl away, quickly occupying all the allotted space. It is desirable to replant and divide them at the end of summer or the beginning of autumn.
Low (up to 20 cm) flower stalks with white inflorescences-baskets, although they are considered a symbol of loyalty, cannot boast anything but legend. But the silver-ash leaves of edelweiss will decorate a stony hill and will look very gently both against the background of large boulders, and in a complex with rounded pebbles.
Best of all, the edelweiss feels at the top of the hill, in the sun, and the soil he needs is poor, mixed with coarse sand and stones. Against the background of bright perennials, it is lost, so do not try not to combine it with anything, but grow away from other flowers, or combine it with herbs. Usually, edelweiss is propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn, and it blooms from June to August.
Ephedra is the only shrub in our current collection, but the shrub is truly non-standard. Its lush textured crown consists of individual elongated branches of green, brown or silver color, and the color of ephedra depends not only on the species, but also on the soil, lighting and other changeable conditions. Although it belongs to the conifer, visually the plant is most reminiscent of overgrown horsetail. After a nondescript yellowish flowering on ephedra, bright red fruits-cones are formed, which look like a necklace.
All ephedra are accustomed to a dry climate, poor rocky soil, are not afraid of the winds, but love the sun very much. Soil for ephedra must be laid on a layer of drainage and always lime. During the summer, ephedra needs to be watered no more than 3 times, but it is necessary to loosen the soil and maintain its composition all the time. The plant overwinters without shelter, as it is more afraid of damping than frost.
By the way, not only the traditional alpine slide can be an ornament to your site. You can experiment with stones perfectly, creating the most incredible compositions.
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