Tulips are delicate beautiful flowers that are associated with spring and festive mood. We offer to learn more about the different types of tulips that can decorate your garden in the future.
By the way, tulips are not only loved by women. An interesting fact is that these flowers were very popular with the philosopher Voltaire, Cardinal Richelieu, the writer Hans Christian Andersen and Emperor Peter I, who loved to admire tulips while walking through the cobbled streets and avenues of St. Petersburg.
To make it easier for you to navigate in a huge number of varieties of tulips and make the right choice, use our table.
I group (early flowering)
Group II (medium flowering)
Group III (late flowering)
IV group *
1 class - simple early tulips;
2 class - terry early tulips
3 class - Triumph-tulips;
4th grade - Darwin hybrids
5th grade - simple late tulips;
6th grade - lily tulips;
7th grade - fringed tulips;
8th grade - green tulips;
Grade 9 - Rembrandt tulips;
Grade 10 - parrot tulips;
Grade 11 - terry late tulips
12th grade - Kaufman tulips, their varieties and hybrids;
13th grade - Foster tulips, their varieties and hybrids;
Grade 14 - Greig tulips, their varieties and hybrids;
15th grade - other species, their varieties and hybrids
* All wild species, as well as varieties of tulips, which were obtained by crossing varieties from the first three groups.
Grade 1 - simple early tulips
Tulips of this class have low (30-40 cm) and sturdy flower stalks. The flowers resemble a white wine glass and are most often painted in warm yellow and red colors.
Simple early tulips bloom in late April. They can be grown in a flower garden in the country, and in containers at home. Perfectly such flowers look in borders.
For cutting simple early tulips are not too suitable. If you want them to please you at home, use them for forcing (bloom in January and February).
Simple early tulips include the following varieties.: Ruby red (Ruby Red), Prince of Austria (Prince of Austria), Prins carnaval (Prince Carnival), Pink trophy (Pink Trophy), General de wet (General de Wet), Flair (Flair) Diana (Diana), Couleur cardinal (Cooler cardinal), Christmas marvel (Christmas Marvel) Hadley (Hadley).
Simple early tulips
Grade 2 - terry early tulips
Terry tulips are popular because of the bright color and early flowering. They do not fade for a long time, they can reach 8 cm in diameter (when open) and do not grow above 30 cm.
Their stems are strong enough, but can bend under the weight of buds. Terry early tulips bloom in late April.
Tulips of this class are ideal for growing in containers. They are also suitable for forcing in January-February. Of course, they can be planted in flower beds, but only in the foreground. Otherwise, this beauty will be lost among the higher cultures.
Terry early tulips include varieties: Abba (Abba), Monte Carlo (Monte Carlo), Queen of marvel (Queen of Marvel), Montreux (Montreux), Orange princess (Orange Princesses), Monsella (Moncella), Verona (Verona).
Terry early tulips
Grade 3 - Triumph Tulips
Triumph-tulips were obtained by crossing varieties belonging to classes of Darwin hybrids and simple early tulips. These tulips have rather tall stems (they can reach 70 cm in height) and large goblet buds.
Varieties of class Triumph bloom in late April - early May, the flowers hold on for a long time and keep their shape well. Florists prefer this class of tulips most often for a variety of colors, which range from pure white to dark purple.
Triumph-tulips look good in flowerbeds, suitable for cutting, as well as forcing in the middle and late dates. The class is considered the most numerous - it combines 25% of all known varieties of tulips.
Triumph tulips include varieties: Akela (Akela), Arabian mystery (Arabian Mystery), Barcelona (Barcelona), Wonderful (Vandeful), Golden melody (Golden Melody), Cream perfection (Cream Perfection), New design (New Design), Oscar (Oscar), Purple prince (Parple Prince), White dream (White Dream).
4 class - Darwin hybrids
The class of Darwin hybrids includes varieties differing in rather large sizes: they can reach a height of about 70-80 cm, and the buds have an average diameter of about 10 cm.
Such tulips bloom mostly with red or pink flowers, but now you can find spectacular two-color varieties.
Almost all varieties bloom in early May. In hot and sunny weather, flowers open up quite strongly (like in poppy) - this is a disadvantage of this class. But there are much more advantages: the plants withstand the return spring frosts withstand, stand for a long time in cutting, and also rarely are affected by the diversity of tulips.
Tulips class Darwin hybrids often decorate areas. They are used for forcing for the spring holidays, so that men can please their dear women with delicate flowers.
TO Darwin Hybrids include varieties: Apeldoorn (Apeldoorn), Golden apeldoorn (Golden Apeldoorn), Oxford (Oxford), Pink impression (Pink Impression), Golden parade (Golden Parade), Apeldoorn's Elite (Apeldoorn Elite), Parade (Parade), Striped apeldoorn (Striyped Apeldorn), Beauty of apeldoorn (Beauty of Apeldoorn).
Grade 5 - simple late tulips
These are tall tulips that can reach up to 75 cm in height. Varieties are distinguished by large flowers of a goblet shape with a square base and petals with blunt tips.
Simple late tulips have a variety of colors, including two-color. This class also includes multi-flowered tulips (multiflora), which can have several buds on one peduncle at once.
These flowers are used for landscaping garden plots. Many of them are suitable for forcing, and sturdy flower stalks make these flowers also suitable for cutting.
The class is considered one of the most numerous.
Simple late tulips include varieties.: Avignon (Avignon), Dreamland (Dreamland), Red georgette (Red Georgett) Queen of Night (Queen of Knight), Maureen (Maurin), Orange bouquet (Orange Bouquet), Primavera (Primavera), Shirley (Shirley).
Simple late tulips
Grade 6 - lily tulips
This is one of the most original classes of tulips. This "blame" the flowers of unusual shape, resembling lilies: the buds consist of pointed bent petals. It is for this nice feature that they got the name "Liliavet".
The varieties of such tulips are distinguished by high growth (50-60 cm) and various color of flowers. They bloom in the second half of May.
This class is considered one of the few. However, this does not prevent flower growers from actively using the varieties included in it for gardening gardens, cutting and forcing. The result is always amazing - after all, these tulips are very beautiful.
TO lily tulips include: Aladdin (Aladdin), West point (West Point), China pink (China Pink), Maytime (Maytime), White triumphator (White Triumphant), Ballade (Ballad).
Grade 7 - fringed tulips
Very beautiful class of tulips - the edges of the petals are decorated with sharp "fringe". On the buds of any color (from white to dark purple), it creates the illusion of frost.
The height of the fringed tulips reach 60-80 cm. The sizes of the flowers may vary depending on which classes of tulips were used in breeding one or another variety. And this, in turn, affects the timing of flowering and the appointment of plants.
Varieties of fringed tulips, obtained by crossing late tulips, are suitable for cutting. As a result of crossing Darwin hybrids get fringed varieties that are good for forcing.
By fringed tulips are varieties: Blue heron (Blue heron), Davenport (Davenport), Canasta (Canasta), Fringed elegance (Fringed Elegance), Black jewel (Black Jewel), Huis ten bosch (Hughes Ten Bosch), Burgundy Lace (Burgundy Lace), Maja (Mayan), Valery Gergiev (Valery Gergiev).
Grade 8 - green tulips
Tulips of this class got their name because of the unusual green back of the petals. She by the way, remains during the entire period of flowering. Just see how the transitions from green to white, yellow, pink, red and other colors look spectacular!
The height of green tulips varies from 50 to 80 cm. The flowers are most often large, with a thickened green center, the leaves are narrow and small.
Blossom varieties of this class from mid-May. Are actively used for gardening of a personal plot, and also for drawing up original bouquets.
TO green tulips include varieties: Artist (Artist), Spring green (Spring Green), Greenland (Greenland), China Town (China Town), Golden artist (Golden Artist), Florosa (Florosa).
Grade 9 - Rembrandt Tulips
Rembrandt tulips are all variegated varieties. Some inexperienced florist can confuse this class of tulips with flowers, amazed by the diversity of colors.
It is important to remember that in varieties of this class class, spots and strokes on the petals are fixed at the genetic level.
The flowers of Rembrandt class tulips are large, have a goblet shape and are distinguished by spots and stripes that contrast with the main red, yellow or white color.
Plant height varies from 40 to 70 cm. They bloom from mid-May. Great for planting flower beds and flower beds and for cutting.
Rembrandt tulips are varieties: Prince carnaval (Prince Carnival) (simple early) Ice follies (Ice Fallis) (Triumph), Sorbet (Sorbet) (simple late), Orange bowl (Orange Bowl) (Darwin Hybrid), La courtine (La Curtin) (simple late) Mona lisa (Mona Lisa) (Lily) Olympic Flame (Olympic Flame) (Darwin hybrid), Princess irene (Princess Irene) (simple early) *.
* in parentheses are indicated classes, to which varieties belong without regard to their variegation.
Grade 10 - parrot tulips
Parrot tulips are perhaps the most unusual and exotic among all other classes of tulips. Their petals are deeply cut along the edges or have strong waves, which is very similar to the feathers of birds.
Parrot tulips bloom late in the second half of May. Widely opened buds can reach a diameter of 20 cm. As for coloring, it can be very different: from pure white to purple-black. Plant height - 45-65 cm, but under the weight of large buds, they can droop.
Parrot tulips are most often used for landscaping parks and gardens (best of all, they look along the tracks). At the same time they should be placed away from other tulips.
Parrot tulips are varieties: Rococo (Rococo), Flaming parrot (Fleming Perrot) Texas Gold (Texas Gold), Black parrot (Black Perrot), Fantasy (Fantasy), Apricot parrot (Epriot Perrot), Estella Rijnveld (Estela Riznvald), Blue parrot (Blue Perrot), Texas flame (Texas Flame), Weber's parrot (Weber Perrot).
Grade 11 - double late tulips
Representatives of this class have thick terry flowers resembling peonies. From here and the second name of these tulips went "pionovidny".
They differ from double early tulips in larger sizes and late flowering: the buds bloom only in the second half of May.
Tulips have strong peduncles (45-60 cm), but even they sometimes are not able to withstand huge lush buds. This is probably the only drawback of the class. But it can be eliminated if you plant the bulbs in areas of the garden that are protected from wind and rain.
The color of late terry tulips can vary from white to black, and there are also very beautiful two-color varieties. These tulips are used most often for park landscaping and garden cultivation.
Terry late tulips include varieties: Blue diamond (Blue Diamond), Wirosa (Virose), Casablanca (Casablanca), Negritta Double (Negritta Double), Sun lover (Sanlaver), Bonanza (Bonanza), Black hero (Black Hirow), Orange angelique (Orange Angelica), Charming lady (Charmin Lady), Uncle tom (Unkl Tom).
Terry late tulips
Grade 12 - Kaufman tulips
This class of tulips boasts the earliest flowering periods: the first buds begin to appear in early April. The flowers are large, elongated, star-shaped when open. The height of the stems varies from 15 to 25 cm.
The color scheme is very diverse: more often, the buds are two-colored, but there may be red, yellow or pink flowers. The leaves of Kaufman tulips have purple stripes and specks.
They are successfully grown on the alpine slide and rockeries. They look great in borders and tree circles.
Plants are resistant to variegation.
Kaufman tulips include varieties.: Giuseppe Verdi (Giuseppe Verdi), Cluck (Klak) Fashion (Fashion), Heart's delight (Herts Delight), Johann strauss (Johann Strauss), Showwinner (Showwinner).
Grade 13 - Foster tulips
Foster tulips are distinguished by larger cups and glasses in shape (compared to Kaufman tulips). The flowers are strongly elongated and can reach 15 cm in diameter. The color of the buds is usually red, but there is also a yellow and pink color.
The height of tulips grow to 30-50 cm bloom in late April - early May. The leaves have purple spots and strokes.
These tulips are suitable for growing in a flower bed, alpine slide or in a curb.
Foster tulips are varieties: Yellow purissima (Yellow Purissima), Madame lefeber (Madame Lefebvre), Orange emperor (Orange Emperor), Orange brilliant (Orange Brilliant), Sweetheart (Sweethart), Purissima (Purissima), Candela (Candela).
Grade 14 - Greig tulips
These are stunted tulips with a height of no more than 35 cm. The flowers they have are large, with a wide base, the tips of the petals are slightly bent. Most often they are red, but there are varieties and orange hues, as well as beautiful two-color options.
Greig's tulips are mottled foliage. They bloom immediately after the tulips Kaufman (in late April - early May). The flowers do not fade for a long time.
Like the tulips of the previous class, Greig's tulips look great in an ordinary flower garden, on an alpine slide or on a curb.
Graig tulips are varieties: Ali baba (Ali Baba), Orange toronto (Orange Toronto), Pinocchio (Pinocchio), Toronto (Toronto), Sweet lady (Sweet Lady), Oriental Splendour (Oriental Splendor), Cape cod (Cape Cod).
Grade 15 - other types
The class combines all other types and varieties of tulips growing in the wild. For the most part, they are all short, they bloom early and are distinguished by a variety of flower buds.
There are also many-flowered species (multiflora) among wild-growing specimens. Growing tulips of this group on the plot, it is best to plant them on an alpine slide or in rockeries.
To this group tulips include the following varieties: Little princess (Little Princesses), Turkestanica (Turkestanica), Saxatilis (Saxatilis), Dasystemon tarda (Dasistimon Tarda), Humilis Odalisque (Humilis Odaliscus).
Other species, their varieties and hybrids
As you can see, tulips are so diverse that each gardener will certainly find a suitable variety in color, size, shape and other criteria.
By planting representatives of different groups on one bed, you can make an amazing flower garden from tulips alone. They will delight the bright flowering and pleasant aroma.