To create a hedge in your garden, you need not only to select suitable plants, but also to arrange them correctly. How to do this, read our article.
The end of April - mid-May is the best time to plant a hedge, especially for plants with an open root system. At a later date - until mid-July - you can plant plants from containers or with a clod of earth.
Later conifers can be planted only from the middle to the end of August, when the process of rooting is activated, and deciduous - in late August - early October.
All hedges are created from densely leafy trees and shrubs, well cut, with a dense crown and relatively slow growth.
Hedges can be:
- shorn or free-growing;
- coniferous or deciduous;
- from one breed of bushes or combined;
- single row or multi row;
- prickly or soft.
For high deciduous fit small-leaved linden, Alpine currant, cotoneaster brilliant, spirea spring bloom hawthorn (prickly and subsiline), Ginnal's maples and Tatar. The fences are compact in width and suitable for small gardens.
These hedges are for those who do not want to burden themselves with cutting plants. They look a bit relaxed and require more space, their width can be 1-3 m. Most often they are created from shrubs with natural compact crowns. They can include flowering and beautiful shrubs that can transform the monotonous appearance of the "green wall" (dog roses, different types sprayer, Hungarian lilac and Amur, Chubushnik). You can also use different types hawthorn, elderberry, Maac's honeysuckle and Tatar, Kalina Gordovina (common suffers from leaf beetle), and bladder and Deren.
The austerity, monotony, the ability to cut oneself well make a coniferous fence a desirable decoration of the garden. The range of plants that can grow in the climate of the middle zone, unfortunately, is small: thuja western, spruce and juniper ordinary.
Long monotonous hedges can be diversified. Low-growing shrubs are planted in the first row, and higher ones in the second and third (for example, turf, hazel, linden, hairy lilac). Some levels can be cut, others can be allowed to grow freely.
In the multi-tiered hedges, a combination of contrastingly colored plants (light green and dark purple foliage, yellow-leaved shrubs against the background of dark needles, etc.) looks spectacular; it is appropriate to combine deciduous and coniferous species. As a high tier, trees planted in a row look good in such hedges.
Marble trimmed hedges
Marble effect will be achieved if you plant in one row different varieties of the same plant in color. Curious looks like a hedge with inserts of lianas.
Not suitable for hedge
- Lilac varietal, in which with age the lower part of the bush becomes bare. It should either be closed with plants planted in front, or use wild species of lilac - wilted, hungarian, amur. They are quite suitable for creating a green wall, grow quickly, forming a dense green volume, unpretentious and resistant to pests.
- Viburnum suffers greatly from pests that are capable of eating it to the ground by mid-summer.
- Should not be used for hedge fieldfare and decorative raspberry. They are able to flood the entire garden with root suckers.
- Yew, privet and boxwood - also bad candidates for creating hedges.
Creating a hedge is a painstaking and very exciting process. Having spent a couple of hours (or even days) on the selection and layout of plants, everyone can create a true masterpiece of landscape art.