With the help of annual lianas such as nasturtium, in a short time you can disguise unsightly buildings in the garden, dull fences, or just areas under large trees.
Nasturtium is beautiful, unpretentious, very quickly grows and blooms long enough - from June to late autumn.
Features of the plant
Nasturtium is a thermophilic creeping plant with bright single helmet-shaped flowers. Flowers are simple and terry, with a diameter of 5 to 7 cm, orange, yellow, burgundy, red and pink flowers. There are many species of this plant (more than 90 species). Distinguish them in shape and color of flowers, stems, leaves. But the most popular of them are three: a large nasturtium, a Canarian nasturtium, a shield-bearing nasturtium.
Nasturtium big or may. The plant has a branched creeping stem up to 2.5 m long or upright, slightly creeping, stems up to 70 cm long, as well as rounded leaves. The flowers of this species are large, irregularly shaped, velvety, with a delicate aroma, on long pedicels - pink, yellow, orange, red, brown-red.
Canarian or foreign nasturtium - Liana with small, bright yellow flowers and stems up to 3 m. The leaves of it are small, light green in color, five-fold.
Nasturtium Shchitonosnaya, or Lobb. Ampelnaya culture with a juicy, fragile, branched stem. Creeping shoots reach lengths of up to 4 m. The leaves are large, dark green, schociform. Flowers of the same shape as nasturtium are large, only with a red cup.
Planting and care
Nasturtium has a weak root system, difficult to transplant. Because of this, they try to sow it immediately to a permanent place. Easy nasturtium breeds germinated seeds. They are sown at the beginning of May, after the end of frost, in holes 2-3 cm deep with intervals of 20-30 cm. If you need to get flowering earlier, seeds are sown one by one in cups or pots in late April. Transplant in the open ground spend neatly (trying to save a whole lump of earth) in the evening or in cloudy weather.
Nasturtium prefers relatively fertile soils that let moisture well. Special care liana is not required. At the beginning of active growth, seedlings abundant watered. And when they grow and begin to bloom, watering is reduced and carried out only on dry days. Feed up nasturtium 1-2 times per season potash-phosphate or complex fertilizers for flowering plants. Periodically loosen the soil, remove weeds.
Where and how to plant
Since nasturtium fragile petioles and stems, it is placed on areas where there is no strong winds. When sprouts reach 20 cm, they are guided along wires, ropes, rods. If there is little space in the garden for flower beds, the plants in the pots have tiers, build decorative shelves, stands, and trellises. Effective decoration flower beds will be shaped support, entwined with flowering nasturtium.
Creeping varieties can be placed under the trees in the shade, where other flowers do not like to grow. Especially useful to plant nasturtium under the apple trees. With its peculiar pungent odor, it discourages aphids, who love to settle on tender young shoots. Cascading lashes will be picturesquely seen in tall containers, on retaining walls or hanging pots on open terraces, gazebos.
Nasturtium in garden design
Canarian nasturtiums are planted or sown near arbors, arches, pergolas, mesh structures, fences, retreating 15-20 cm from the supports. Clinging to the wire with leaf stalks, it tightly twists around the support and covers the garden from prying eyes. For decorating the walls using support frames made of mesh or wire. The distance between the wall and the frame must be at least 10 cm.
Nasturtium also worth sowing on the border of the garden with a garden. It prevents the occurrence of fungi, rot, fusarium, it does not like nematodes, cruciferous flea, whitefly.