Building a winter garden is an interesting task from the point of view of architecture and design. Equip your own cozy green corner, which will give you a great feeling. And we will tell you in detail about all the nuances of planning and construction.
The most popular options for the location of the winter garden: in the interior or attached to the house premises and in the form of individual buildings.
The best orientation is east, west, south. A less convenient option is the northern location, because the plants will not have enough light and heat, you will need to think through additional heating and lighting systems. Yes, and the constant dusk will be more likely to have to work and thinking, than to a pleasant friendly rest.
If you want to create a warm winter garden for the first time, it’s better to start with a small project. For example, arrange a mini-greenhouse on a glassed-in balcony or loggia.
You can draw the design of the future structure and build on your preferences or entrust the construction and design of the winter garden to a professional. In any case, it is important to consider the following points:
- tightness of the structure;
- the presence of a solid frame and foundation, as well as high-quality ventilation, lighting and heating (preferably in automatic mode);
- ensuring high transparency of the casing (hereinafter, you will find out which material is best for this);
- sufficient area for plants and height;
- attractive design of the winter garden.
Home winter garden in the form of a separate building is also called greenhouse. Such a construction allows you to create a whole complex with plants, ponds and even mini-alleys. For the construction will require a lot of money, because you need to think about summing up the communications and the functioning of all systems.
Attached winter garden, which stands outside the house, is more popular. Its main advantages are:
- does not require summarizing communications;
- protects the house from insects and other natural factors;
- summer absorbs excess sunlight, keeps cool in the interior;
- allows you to use part of the walls of the house as a basis, which reduces the cost of the project;
- convenient to maintain due to proximity to the main dwelling.
It is not necessary to place the building on the first floor. Try to arrange a winter garden on the roof, in the attic. Or combine with the pool in the yard - it will turn out original and beautiful!
Projects of houses with a winter garden
Among the huge number of projects there are several types that can be built on a country site. Please note that some of them require large financial and labor costs.
- rectangular with a shed roof - simple in design, ideal for self-built;
- rectangular with a double-slope roof - suitable for placement on the south side;
- semicircular polygonal - rather complicated to build, requires precise control over the placement of the frame elements;
- corner with a lean-to roof - located between the two walls of the building, requires a well-lit place;
- corner with a three-beam roof - a more complex and spectacular building, looks great from the outside and inside.
Rectangular conservatory with a lean-to roof
Types of winter gardens
The interior of the winter garden should please with well-thought-out details and variety, so make a clear plan in advance. When choosing a style, focus on the architecture of the house and the design of the site, take into account also the location of beautiful landscapes, which you can admire from the windows.
There are winter garden styles such as Georgian, Victorian and Mediterranean. Consider their differences and advantages.
|Georgian Winter Garden|
|Laconic form, often rectangular. Inside it is easy to implement any layout. The roof can be dual-slope, tri-slope, combined with multipath. Suitable for building on the foundations of garden terraces or arbors.|
|Victorian Winter Garden|
|Classic English design. Combined with buildings of any type. The main difference is the bay window with a transparent multi-slope roof. Allows you to create a winter garden around the corner of the building at once from two sides.|
|Mediterranean Winter Garden|
|Differs laconic lean-to roof, clear straight lines. Fits almost any landscape. Looks particularly nice in small cottages. Will appeal to fans of practical comfort and southern flavor.|
You can use one of the styles or combine them to your taste.
How to make a winter garden in a private house with your own hands
The winter garden should have a safe and durable construction, protection from cold and heat, and be resistant to various weather conditions. Therefore, it is important to carry out the necessary calculations, which are best done with a specialist. According to their results choose the material of the frame and plating. A sketch of the future construction, a detailed project and a plan for the procurement of materials are also being developed.
The minimum extension area should be at least 15 square meters, depth - at least 3 m, and the height in the middle part - at least 2.7 m.
The most popular is a glass winter garden with a frame made of aluminum, which is durable and light, not subject to corrosion. Also, wood is used as a frame, an economical and simple option for a small winter garden. Metal profile is more durable, but requires anti-corrosion painting.
For the lining of the winter garden using glass and plexiglass, glass, monolithic and cellular polycarbonate, less often - polyethylene.
|Type of plating||Characteristic|
|Glass||Transmits up to 98% of light, not afraid of hail, snow, rain. But it conducts heat too well, so it is necessary to increase the heating of the room in extreme cold.|
|Plexiglass||Transparent plastic. Does not have UV protection. More suitable for creating side walls in enclosed spaces.|
|Triplex||Laminated energy-saving glass. Consists of two glasses and transparent elastic material gluing them together. It has good sound insulation. Does not crack or crumble even after impact.|
|Double glazing||Laminated glass with air gaps. Easy to install, but have a fairly large weight. Require solid construction.|
|Monolithic or cellular polycarbonate||Consists of two sheets with longitudinal membranes. Lightweight, good light transmission. Monolithic is more durable, cell better retains heat.|
|Polyethylene||Cheap but short-lived stuff. More suitable for greenhouses.|
It is better to make the roof of frosted material so that the room is not too hot and there are no sun glares. The optimum slope of the roof - 30-40 degrees, then the building will receive a sufficient amount of sunlight, and the rain will easily wash away the dirt.
The device of the winter garden - what should be provided
The glass house will require heating, ventilation, lighting and irrigation systems to maintain the microclimate. Everything should be thought out so that there is no overheating in the summer and overcooling in the winter, and the design can withstand all weather conditions.
In the table we looked at the pros and cons of the most common heating options.
|Type of heating||Virtues||disadvantages|
Relatively cheap coal and firewood. You can beautifully fit into the interior.
|Uneven warming. Only suitable for small spaces. It is necessary to strictly monitor fire safety.|
Security and availability.
|The costs are higher than with stove heating. Required wiring for high-power heaters.|
Water (system "warm floor")
|Economical (if used gas). Heats the room evenly and does not dry the air.||Requires a large initial investment and maintenance costs. Has difficulty installing.|
|Airy||Heats fresh air from the outside. Allows you to accurately adjust the temperature and humidity. Installation is relatively inexpensive.||It occupies a lot of space, requires large maintenance costs. Dries air.|
To save money, you can install solar panels on the roof of the winter garden. The main thing is to take into account the weight of the whole structure.
For lighting Use fluorescent, LED, halogen lamps to meet the needs of plants. For glaze prepare large bottles of water. It is better not to use a drip irrigation system, since hoses stretched to each pot will make the garden not so attractive.
Think about the design stage. ventilation system. The most common method - vents and transom. It is desirable that they occupy no more than a quarter of the entire trim. You can install an automatic system that will open the vents on time or when the air temperature in the room rises to a certain point.
For natural ventilation use a system of transoms, some of which are located below, some - at the top of the structure. The use of air conditioners will become more complicated and expensive, so if you plan to create a small garden, the ventilation system with the help of air vents is enough for you.
After you have made a plan for the winter garden, have completed the calculations and purchased the materials, you can proceed to montage. Here are the main steps that need to be done for the construction of structures.
- Determine the location and direction of the world for future construction.
- Prepare the site, fill the concrete foundation.
- Install the frame bottom trim, then the vertical and horizontal elements. Do not forget about waterproofing and check the reliability of all parts of the structure.
- Assemble the frame's upper trim and connect it to the roof joists.
- Glaze the walls and roof using rubber seals.
- Install the eaves profile and drain, draw all the necessary systems.
Now it remains only to wash the room, arrange the plants and furniture.
What can you save when building a winter garden
Even at the planning stage, you can take into account a few points that will reduce the cost of the project, but fully preserve its functionality. You do not need to apply them all, choose the ones that seem more useful to you:
- reducing the number of windows and doors;
- use of a simple single-sided roof;
- the purchase of domestic materials for the frame and plating;
- the use of single-chamber double-glazed windows and strengthening the heating system (this will be beneficial, provided that you use cheaper gas heating);
- maximum utilization of the wall of a country house.
How to build a winter garden in the apartment
If you want to practice before building a country conservatory or you do not have a country site, you can create a beautiful winter garden on the balcony. To do this, you only need to glaze and insulate the room, and then place the indoor flowers in it. In the same way you can create a winter garden on the loggia.
Do not rest room flowers against the glass! Keep a distance of 30-50 cm between the leaves of the plants and the window.
- 10 tips on arranging a winter garden in the apartmentWe talk about the principles of the organization of the winter garden. Everything is quite easy and simple.
What to do if there is no balcony or loggia? You can use a spacious corner in one of the rooms. For the main composition, select a large plant in the tub, for example, a palm tree or a ficus. Fill the space on the walls and the floor with more miniature potted flowers.
So, you have studied the popular types of winter gardens, found out where to start planning and building. Let the work on your project bring pleasure, and the result will be for many years to please the whole family! And do not forget to share your personal experience in building a winter garden.
- Plants for the winter garden - which is right for youProven plants for the winter garden in the greenhouse, warmed veranda and in room conditions.