The ideal solution for gardeners who dream of decorating the site with a hedge of unpretentious and ornamental plants is a western thuja. The queen of conifers will give you a lot of positive emotions and reliably protect from prying eyes.
Thuja western is a massive tree with an elongated narrow pyramidal crown, which over the years becomes ovoid. The bark is reddish or gray-brown. The homeland of the tree is the eastern regions of North America. Currently, more than 150 varieties of western thuja are registered. Known dwarf and tall varieties (whose height reaches 20 m). Recently, breeders were removed even creeping forms. What sort of best suited for the dacha?
Unlike its eastern "sister", western thuja has a number of advantages that allow it to grow in the middle lane. For example:
- it is an evergreen and ornamental plant, allowing to form a hedge anywhere on the site;
- the western thuja is easier to adapt to the winter cold and frost and does not need a winter shelter;
- the plant is convenient to cut and give it the desired shape;
- fence from thuy reliably protects the area from smoke, dust and wind;
- Western thuja easily resists diseases and pests.
To the evergreen "beauty" pleased you for many years, you should assess the condition of the site. First of all it refers to the type of soil and shade. Then you need to take into account the climatic features (average annual temperatures, rainfall, minimum winter temperatures, etc.). On this basis, one should choose one or another variety of thuja and look for a suitable variety.
When buying, inspect the plant itself and the condition of the roots
General recommendations for choosing Thuya look like this:
- needles on a healthy Tui seedling should not crumble or break;
- do not purchase seedlings with bare roots - they could be damaged during transportation;
- the roots should not be cut, otherwise the plant will not take root;
- on the crown and trunk of the Tui there should be no signs of disease and yellowing;
- the earth bed should not be overdried - irreversible changes could occur in the root system, and it would not be possible to “get back” the plant.
Ideally, seedlings with a closed root system should be chosen (in small containers or wrapped with burlap). Experienced gardeners are advised to choose young plants - they are cheaper, easier to take root and more actively go to growth. Do not be confused by a light green patina and remnants of weeds in a pot - these are normal signs of a freshly planted thuja.
Tuyu can be planted in open ground at any time, from early spring until late autumn. Plants with earthy ball better to plant in mid spring (from the end of April until the first half of May) or early autumn (in the middle of August - the middle of September). During this time, they manage to strengthen the root system and more easily tolerate the winter cold.
Well, if from the prevailing winds thuy will protect the fence
For landing Thuja fit places that are in the penumbra and isolated from direct sunlight. The abundance of light affects the decorative qualities of thuja and reduces the resistance of the tree to cold weather. When planting, avoid drafts, waterlogged areas with close groundwater (at a level of 1-1.2 m) and places where rainwater and melted snow accumulate.
Thuja most quickly gets accustomed to light and moist soil, but on heavy clay and dry soil the needles begin to dry and turn yellow.
It does not follow plant thuja near massive fruit and other trees, since the root system of the “old-timers” begins to compete with its roots, and they do not get the right amount of nutrients from the soil.
When creating a single row hedge distance between saplings can be about 1 m, with a double-row planting - 2 m, and for large varieties of thuja should be left a distance of 5 m. Landing depth seedlings - 70-80 cm.
Landing pit should be of such a size that the root neck is left outside and slightly sprinkled with earth, and not buried. Before planting in the hole, you can add the following mixture:
- 2 parts of leaf or 2 parts of sod land;
- 1 part of sand;
- 1 part peat;
- 50-100 g of nitroammofoski.
- 2 pieces of leafy ground;
- 2 parts of sand;
- 1 part peat;
- 3 pieces of humus.
Sometimes use this mixture:
- 3 pieces of sod land;
- 2 parts of humus;
- 1 piece of sand.
Fill the well with the prepared mixture and plant the seedling. After that plentifully water plant even when it rains. This must be done so that the soil is compacted, and the water fills all voids.
In case of drought, thuja must be watered every 3-4 days with 20 liters of water.
Pristvolny circles it is desirable to cover with peat, crumbly compost, wood chips, crushed bark or colored pebbles. Mulching facilitates the survival of the tree in a new place, prevents the growth of weeds, protects the root system from drying out, as well as from overheating in the summer and hypothermia in the winter.
In the autumn, herbal mulch should be replaced with spruce leaves so that no mice can start in it.
It is especially important to care for a hedge of thujas in the first years after planting. Trees need minimal care - weeding, watering and loosening. Watering in the first two months need abundant (at least 10 liters of water on each tree weekly). Thuja should be watered in the evening or in the morning, so that the roots have enough time to get enough moisture before the daylight comes. For 2-3 years after planting, you should not worry about fertilizers - the tree received them with a reserve at the time of planting. From the third year onwards, thuja must be fed with special fertilizers recommended for these plants. In early spring coniferous animals are fed with the Idol Universal wagon at the rate of 120 g per 1 sq.m. For embedding in soil use urea, calcium and ammonium nitrate at the rate of 20-30 g per 1 square meter of trunk circle.
Very spectacular Tui look in the Japanese garden
In the early years of growth, Tui should protect trees from the bright sun, covering them with an awning or sprinkling. Do not forget that the young and immature plant can not cope with severe frosts, so during the first wintering after transplanting it should be covered with an awning or sprinkling.
An important component of care and cultivation of Tui is trimming. It can be formative and sanitary. For sanitary pruning in April, dry, yellow and diseased branches are removed from the plant, and the heavily thickened crown is thinned out to ensure air circulation and prevent the development of diseases.
For decorative trimming It is necessary to remember several obligatory conditions:
- trimming the upper part of the thuja adjusts its height;
- for the formation of spherical bushes in the first place to remove branches, knocked out of the general form of the crown;
- To maintain a given shape, permanently remove a one-year growth.
The following varieties are best suited for planting in the middle lane and northern regions: Brabant, Wagneri, Globoza, Danica, Columna, Sankist, Emerald, Stolvik, Holmstrup, Fasciata.
Having planted a western place on your site, you will become the owner of the "royal tree" that adorns the site and at the same time requires minimal maintenance. Experiment and share with us the results.