Bulgarian pepper is a heat-loving and very capricious culture. To seedlings grew healthy and strong, will have to work hard.
The first thing to take care of is the preparation of quality soil.
Proper soil for seedlings
There is no universal ground in which tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, eggplants and peppers would feel equally good. Each culture has its own requirements for the quality and composition of the substrate.
In order for the root system of the seedlings of the pepper to develop well and have free access to oxygen, the soil must be loose and light. Even its fertility is less important for pepper than these characteristics.
Before you start sowing seeds, buy or prepare yourself suitable nutrient soil. For those who do not trust the purchased substrates, we offer several variants of soil mixtures:
- 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sod land;
- equal amount of peat and humus;
- 3 parts of humus and 2 parts of sod land;
- 2 parts of nutrient peat soil and 1 part of sod land;
- 4 parts of peat, 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of rotted sawdust.
In the purchased soil (especially if it is prepared on the basis of high peat) add a little chalk or dolomite flour (1-2 tablespoons for every 10 liters of substrate). And if possible, mix it with the same amount of ordinary garden soil or substrate for indoor plants.
Before sowing seeds, any soil (be it cooked by yourself or bought in a store) should be disinfected. It can be shed with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate or any other fungicide, freeze and thaw several times, steamed or calcined in the oven (at a temperature not higher than 90 ° C).
Preparing and sowing pepper seeds for seedlings
To get a friendly and strong seedlings, pepper seeds first disinfected in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate (20-30 minutes), then washed in running water and kept in one of the nutrient solutions:
- 1 tsp nitrophosphate or wood ash in 1 liter of water (stand a day);
- a solution of liquid sodium HUMATE or Ideal fertilizer (it is kept for a day, the temperature of the solution is 25-28 ° C);
- 5-10 ml of the drug Azotofit 500 ml of water (incubated for 2 hours).
In order to keep the nutrients longer on the seeds, immediately after soaking, they can be treated with Liposal solution (this is the so-called bioplipant) at the rate of 1 ml of the preparation per 100 ml of water, then dried for an hour.
Next stage - germination. The most convenient way to do this is in a low container (dish, saucer, can lid, etc.). Put a paper towel, cotton wool, gauze, filter paper or a piece of cotton cloth on the bottom of it and moisten it well with water or a solution of ash (1 tbsp per 1 l of water).
Gently sprinkle the seeds of a pepper of the same grade over the surface, cover the container with film and place in a warm (25-30 ° C) place. From time to time, add water so that the seeds do not dry out. When one part of the seeds germinates, and the other swells (the process can take up to 10-14 days), you can start sowing in a nursery box or individual containers of at least 10 × 10 cm.
Another method that improves the germination and resistance of the pepper to adverse conditions -hardening of seeds. It consists in keeping them alternately warm or cold. First, the prepared seeds of Bulgarian pepper for 2 days are placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. Then they are taken out and kept in a warm (18 ° C) place for 24 hours. After that, the seeds are again placed in the refrigerator. After 2 days they reach and immediately sow.
|Culture||Seed dates||Age of seedlings when landing in the ground||Terms of landing on a permanent place|
|Sweet pepper (early and mid-early varieties)||The end of February - the end of March||50-60 days|
End of april - in a heated greenhouse;
mid-end of May - in a greenhouse or unheated greenhouse;
beginning of mid-June - in open ground
|Pepper sweet (medium late and late varieties)||Mid February - mid March||60-75 days|
The process of sowing pepper seeds consists of the following steps:
- The containers are filled with a prepared substrate, they are well spilled with water or with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
- When sown in the seedling box at a distance of 3-4 cm, grooves are made 1-1.5 cm deep and seeds of sweet pepper are sown at a distance of 1-1.5 cm from each other; when sowing in separate containers in each make two wells with a depth of 1-1.5 cm and sow in them one seed.
- Then pepper seeds are sprinkled with the same substrate or a mixture of soil and sand (1: 1).
- Capacities with crops cover with cling film and put in a warm place, for example, on the battery (for this, they first put a board or plywood on it).
Before the emergence of seedlings, the soil in containers is regularly sprayed from a spray bottle.
Among gardeners there is no consensus about how best to grow seedlings of pepper - with or without a pick. Everyone chooses the way that he considers the most acceptable.
Growing pepper seedlings
As soon as the first shoots, remove the film from the containers and transfer them to the lightest window sill. During the first 5-7 days, they try to lower the temperature to 13-16 ° C during the day and 8-10 ° C at night (to do this, open the window). After the temperature is raised again to 20-27 ° C.
In the first days after emergence of seedlings, pepper should not be watered.
Watering of sweet pepper seedlings is rare (about once a week), but abundant. Moreover, it is necessary to pour water under the root, trying not to fall on the shoots.
When will 2-4 true leaves, plants dive (when growing seedlings in seedling boxes or small pots) in separate containers of at least 500 ml.
- Master class: pickling pepper seedlingsPepper pick in simple 8 steps.
Feed the pepper seedlings according to the following scheme (fertilizer consumption is the same as with ordinary watering of plants):
- first feeding carried out 2 weeks after the picking (5 g of urea and 30 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water);
- the second - for 3-4 days you are planting plants in a permanent place (50 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water).
For pepper seedlings it is very important that the roots receive enough oxygen. Therefore, the upper layer of soil in the tanks must be periodically loosened.
Preparation of seedlings for planting in the ground
In 50-70 days after emergence of seedlings of pepper can be planted in a permanent place. But before this, plants should be prepared for the conditions in which they will grow. To do this, 10-15 days before planting, the seedlings begin to harden.
On the first day, the window on which the plants stand is opened for 1 hour. Gradually, the time of such air baths is increased to 6-8 hours per day. Before planting, containers with pepper seedlings are carried to a veranda or a greenhouse. And the day before landing they are left there for the night.
High-quality, ready for planting on a permanent place seedlings of pepper should be 20-30 cm tall and have 6-8 true leaves of a saturated green color. It is not easy to achieve this, but the implementation of our recommendations will certainly be a success.