At the third stage of the site design, we outlined functional zones on the plan, decided on the principle of alternating open and closed spaces, and presented the project in bulk. We have to connect distant objects with the help of tracks.
If you are reading this material, it means that you follow the series of our publications on the subject of designing a suburban area and before laying the tracks worked out the location of functional zones, between which there will be convenient routes.
Properly designed and built by all the rules, the road-path network will combine convenience and practicality, and at the same time will become a separate decorative element of the landscape.
Types and purpose of garden paths
The paths laid in the garden are necessary, first of all, for quick and convenient access to any of its corners and connections between functional objects. Therefore, the main requirement that is placed on garden paths is practicality. In accordance with it, they are divided into several types.
Garden paths are utilitarian (functional) and decorative (recreational). The paths of the first type are laid from the entrance to the plot to the house, to the parking lot of the car, as well as from the house to the bathhouse and outbuildings - this way it is convenient to carry a garden wheelbarrow or a cart with inventory. They use such routes often and intensively, so the coating must be made of strong and durable materials.
Decorative paths, unlike functional ones, are not necessary in the garden. But it’s still worth doing so that after heavy rains you don’t walk on wet grass or dirt from the beds. These paths are needed for comfortable movement around the site - from home to a resting place, playground, for a walk among trees, near flower beds and other objects. In addition to the communicative, they also perform an aesthetic function. From such paths there are picturesque views.
On priority tracks are main, secondary and connective. Connecting connect among themselves all the elements of the dacha: house, garden and economic zone. The central (main) path leading from the gate (gate) to the house should be the shortest, preferably straight and wide enough for two people to calm down on it. It is good if the material from which the main path is made is in harmony with what was used in the decoration of the facade of the house.
Garden Design Paths
When designing the tracks make the initial sketch. In this case, the road network is applied to the plan, taking into account the peculiarities of the landscape, the quality of the soil, the type of buildings.
A common recommendation to lay paths where the ground is more trampled is not always true. This will only help to determine the main routes of movement, their priority, and not the location and "drawing" of the tracks themselves. Therefore, draw a line of "tracks" on the plan, mentally imagining their direction and the alleged bends. Particular attention should be paid to the intersection of the tracks - they can be arranged in the form of platforms with a flower arrangement in the center.
At the intersections of the paths, avoid sharp corners, bends look good in the form of smooth arcs of a large radius, and decorate the edge of the walkway with a border of low-growing shrubs.
The shortest and straightforward routes look appropriate only in a geometrically correct garden, and in the “naturgardin” style they will look unnatural. Therefore, it is better to draw a straight path through a neatly trimmed lawn, and a picturesque winding path in the garden of a natural style.
The gaze of a person walking toward a house along a straight path is directed only forward. His eyes throughout the journey appears the same "picture" with the house at the end of the route. If the path is not straight, but winding, moving along it, the person perceives the surrounding landscape from different angles. First, he sees a flower garden, behind the bend of the path there is a hedge of thuja, and at the very house a mixborder opens to his eyes. But in order to achieve this effect, the path must be properly decorated, emphasizing the space on its sides with flower arrangements, boulders or garden figures.
There is another interesting point that not many people take into account when designing the tracks - the path should not run right along the border of open and closed spaces - a lawn and a small group of trees or ornamental shrubs growing nearby. Well, when the path crosses this border, as if leading deep into the vegetation array, inviting the visitor to look in and find out what lies behind him.
If the paths in the garden are designed correctly, it should not be immediately clear where they lead. This is not at all like the usual movement between visible objects and therefore intrigues. The goal to which you are going is hiding somewhere around the corner of the house, now behind a tall tree, then at the very top of the stairs.
It is better not to plant plants that grow quickly around the path, otherwise it will look untidy and become uncomfortable for walking. The only exception is the ground cover, specially designed for trampling - the coinstrike, the small-leaved acene, the acorella is three-forked, the stylope boree, the juvenile felt.
The path should not run too close to large trees so that their roots do not damage the cover over time. The height of the cover should be flush with the level of the lawn.
Width and material for garden paths
The dimensions of the garden paths vary, their width is calculated according to the standard - 0.7-0.75 m per person. The most significant - the main path - should be the widest and most convenient (1.5-3 m), since it is used most often. The minimum width of economic paths is 0.7 m, the maximum is 1.5 m and more. These most practical routes on the site should be as short and direct as possible. In contrast, walking paths can be narrow and winding, in width from 0.5 to 1 m. Minor paths branch off from the main and in width can be twice as narrow as it (0.8-1.5 m) and made of another material .
Previously, concrete was used to create paths in the garden, now various types of paving and materials are used: stone, granite chips, paving stones, bricks, paving slabs, pebbles, and tree cuts.
To prevent water from stagnating on the tracks during rains, it is necessary to lay them with a slight slope (2-3 degrees) along the edges. Additional drainage can be made on a marshy area or an area with excessive humidity - lay grooves for water flow.
On the relief area, the paths are made under a slope (10-12 cm are allowed for 1 m of the “route”). If the angle is more than 12 degrees, it is more reasonable to turn the track into steps. Their comfortable height is 10-15 cm, width is about 40 cm.
Since the tracks are an independent design element, they must be in harmony with the overall style of the site. The network that they form, not only bears the stylistic and aesthetic "load", but also helps to differentiate the functional zones, creating the overall picture of the garden.
Types of road-path network: A - loop, B - star, C - cross
The location of the tracks should be logical and motivated. The paths should not lead to a blank wall (fence) or suddenly break off, otherwise they will lose their direct communication purpose.
Summing up the 4 stages
What should be considered when designing the tracks at the dacha:
- clearly mark on the plan the starting and ending points of the routes;
- keep in mind that the length of the lanes should be the shortest;
- do not make the tracks too winding and avoid sharp turns;
- Limit the number of garden paths (their area should not exceed 15% of the total area of the site);
- consider the features of the relief and the type of soil on the site;
- correctly calculate the width of the walkways (walking - 50-75 cm, economic - more than 90 cm);
- paths should correspond to the general style of the site and the house, and the covering material - to the purpose of the garden paths.
On how carefully thought out the road network on your site, largely depends on its convenience and functionality, as well as quick access to each object. In the following material we will describe how to properly arrange and arrange the view points in the garden.
To be continued.