Many cultures are attractive not only with beautiful flowers and variegated leaves, but also for their healing properties. Plant these medicinal plants in your plot - and you will always have a green pharmacy at your fingertips.
Broths, infusions, teas and lotions from herbs perfectly strengthen the immune system and help fight viruses and bacteria. With the onset of autumn this is especially true. So, what plants are great help to eliminate cough, runny nose, fever and malaise?
1. Oregano, or oregano (Origanum vulgare)
In the people this grass is called the motherboard. Its leaves, stems and pink-purple inflorescences are actively used in gynecology, and oregano is good as a tonic, it also treats the kidneys, stomach, skin, soothes the nerves and eliminates cough.
For the preparation of healing broths and teas oregano is collected during flowering. Dried parts of the plant can be added to plain black or green tea. This is an excellent cold prevention.
15 g of grass is poured with 1 cup of boiling water, insist 2 hours, filter and take 1 tbsp. 3-4 times a day. Or 2 tbsp. The dried raw material is placed in an enamel bowl, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled at room temperature and filtered. The resulting infusion is brought to 200 ml with boiled water and taken in the form of heat 1/2 cup 2 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals.
2. Pine (Pinus)
From pine buds collected in the spring, prepare a healing broth, which is used for gargling and inhalation. From pine needles with the addition of lemon, an excellent tonic tea is obtained.
Pine needles are pre-washed, then put in a cup, poured boiling water and insist until the needles turn pale. Then add lemon juice to tea. If desired, you can sweeten the drink with honey.
It is noteworthy that for this you do not need to pre-stock the raw material: the necessary quantity of needles is torn down immediately before use. And in winter, pine twigs can be stored on the balcony for a month.
3. Salvia officinalis (Salvia officinalis)
Sage blooms in June and July, at this time it is collected inflorescences. And throughout the summer you can harvest the leaves. Sage leaves and flowers are used to brew tea, add it to any herbal tea and drink as an anti-inflammatory agent. The decoction and infusion of one sage is good for gargling reddened throat and sore gums.
To get rid of cough, they drink a hot broth for the night, which is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. chopped herbs are poured with 1 glass of milk or water and boiled over low heat in an enamel bowl for 5 minutes, then filtered, boiled for 5 minutes and cooled slightly. In case of sore throat, sore throat is rinsed with sage infusion (200 g of boiling water per 20 g of herb).
In the middle lane, this shrub can freeze slightly, so it is recommended to cover it for the winter. In addition, please note: the plant does not tolerate excess moisture.
4. Calendula officinalis, or Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
This herb with yellow-orange flowers is known even to a beginner florist. Calendula has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties, therefore it is indispensable for gargling and washing the nasal cavity. And marigolds perfectly heal wounds and cuts on the skin.
For medicinal purposes only inflorescences are used and infusions and decoctions are prepared from them. Predominantly young, but already fully opened flowers, they are cut with scissors at the base of the stem.
1 tbsp. dried calendula pour a glass of boiling water, cover with a lid and infuse for 1 hour, then filtered and used for gargling.
5. Echinacea purpurea (Echinacea purpurea)
Echinacea is an indispensable tool for strengthening immunity. Tea from this plant is used for the prevention of colds and for the speedy recovery of the body.
The rhizome of Echinacea is harvested in early spring and late autumn, and the flowers and leaves - in July-August. From the dried raw material make infusion, decoction and alcohol tincture.
For cooking 1 tbsp. crushed flowers and leaves of Echinacea pour 500 ml of boiling water, infuse for 7-8 hours, then filter and take inside 100-150 ml 3 times a day half an hour before meals.
6. Raspberry (Rubus)
You probably know the healing properties of raspberry jam. This berry contains dietary fiber, organic acids, phytoncides, vitamins (beta-carotene, A, E, C, group B) and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, sodium, copper). Due to this, raspberries can, without exaggeration, be called a natural antibiotic, which increases the body's resistance to bacteria and viruses, and also reduces body temperature.
But no less useful, and raspberry leaves. Infusion of them has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties. This natural remedy helps with bronchitis, sore throat and other respiratory diseases. Infusion of raspberry leaves and you can drink and use for gargling.
To prepare the infusion, 2 tbsp. dried and crushed raspberry leaves pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and infuse for 2 hours. Then drink one glass of infusion every 3 hours.
7. Lavender (Lavandula)
Delicate purple lavender inflorescences perfectly decorate flowerbeds, borders, alpine hills and other flower gardens.
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Fragrant lavender has antibacterial, antimicrobial, sedative, tonic, antiviral and analgesic properties. The flowers and leaves collected during flowering are used for inhalation: the raw material is poured with water, boiled and inhaled deeply in pairs of broth.
Infusion of lavender is a good general tonic. 1 tbsp. dried shredded shoots pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 15 minutes and drink warm.
8. Dogrose (Rosa)
The garden has a nice wild rose hedge. In summer, the plant is covered with fragrant flowers, and in August-September, useful fruits are formed in their place. Mature berries are dried in a special dryer at a temperature of 90 ° C, and then used to combat colds and strengthen the immune system.
Broth and dogrose infusion are excellent tonic, as they contain a lot of vitamin C. The healing drink normalizes the metabolism, the activity of the cardiovascular system, the liver and the gastrointestinal tract, positively affects the nervous system.
2 tbsp. crushed fruits pour 1 glass of water with a temperature of 70 degrees, insist 20 minutes, after which they drink 1/4 cup in the morning and evening.
9. Thyme ordinary, or thyme (Thymus)
This low shrub is ideal for creating alpine slides. But its inflorescences are not only beautiful, but also useful. For medicinal purposes, use the entire aerial part of the plant, the preparation is carried out during flowering (in June-July).
Infusions and decoctions of plants are effective for bronchitis, laryngitis, sore throat, tracheitis, bronchopneumonia - due to its enveloping, expectorant and antiseptic properties. In case of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, rinsing is also performed.
2 tsp. dry crushed herbs pour 250 ml of boiling water, infuse for 10 minutes, filter, cool and drink 3 times a day for 1/2 cup.
10. Meadowsweet, or meadowsweet (Filipendula)
In the summer garden, the corymboid-paniculate inflorescences of meadowsweet are very attractive. They are yellowish-white, pink, red. From these flowers you can make tea, which is indispensable during the period of acute respiratory illness and with the flu.
Meadowsweet flowers have antipyretic, bactericidal, diuretic, analgesic, sedative, wound healing, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory properties. Also useful are the leaves of the plant: they contain ascorbic acid. And the roots are used to treat joints and skin diseases.
To prepare the infusion of meadowsweet, 1 tbsp. dry inflorescences pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, insist 15-20 minutes and use in a warm form for half a cup 3-4 times a day.
11. Black currant (Ribes nigrum)
Black currant has tonic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory properties. And it also contains a large amount of vitamin C. And both berries and leaves are beneficial.
1-2 tablespoons dried and crushed leaves pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for 30 minutes. Then filtered, add honey and drink one glass 3-4 times a day.
Also, the leaves of currant can be added to the teapot with black tea and / or mix them with leaves of viburnum, raspberry, strawberry. And the berries for the winter is better to freeze. With a cold, they are poured with boiling water in the ratio of 1 tbsp. berries in a glass of water, cover with a lid, wrap in a warm towel and hold for 2 hours. After that, the infusion is drunk in small portions throughout the day.
12. Viburnum ordinary or red (Viburnum opulus)
Kalina has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties. In the winter, berries are useful to freeze or dry, and then brew with a cold.
40 g of fruit pour 200 ml of hot water, infuse for about 2 hours, then add 1 tbsp. honey and drink 2 times a day (morning and evening) in one glass.
Flowers, bark and leaves of viburnum can also be used as a therapeutic raw material. 3 tbsp. crushed leaves, bark and inflorescences pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, insist for 6-7 hours, after which they drink 50 ml 3 times a day.
Before practicing herbal medicine, consult your doctor, since most herbs have contraindications. This primarily concerns the means taken orally. With extra care with herbs should be treated to pregnant women.