Nitrophoska is a complex fertilizer, the main components of which are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK-complex). Highly soluble granules that do not clot for a long time, when released into the soil, break up into ions and are quickly absorbed by plants.
The main components of nitrophobia are constant, but their number can vary. Nitrofoska often confused with nitroammofoskoy. Visually, they differ in color. Nitroammofoska is traditionally pink, and nitrophoska is white or blue. In fact, these are similar fertilizers, since their principle of action is based on the mixing of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in equal proportions. But the concentration of several basic substances in the NPK is sometimes higher (depending on the manufacturer). In addition, the aggregate states of various auxiliary substances that are part of these fertilizers are different.
Agronomists prefer this or that fertilizer based on the needs of specific plants. At the same time, many amateur gardeners believe that if you are faced with a choice - nitrophosphate or nitroammofoska, then you need to be guided, first of all, by the price, because Both fertilizers contain substances that satisfy the needs of most plants.
It is possible to use nitrophoska on any soils, but it works best on acidic and neutral, providing an instant effect due to the nitrogen content and a long-term effect due to the phosphorus included in its composition.
Types of fertilizer nitrophoska
There are several varieties of nitrophoska based on different ways of getting it:
Sulfuric acid Nitrofoska is most suitable for cucumbers, but is also able to satisfy the basic needs of tomatoes, cabbage, and beans. Sulfur, which is a part of it, is involved in the formation of vegetable proteins and acts as a fungicide that frightens some pests (in particular, ticks).
Sulphate Nitrofoska contains a significant amount of calcium, improves budding, and also has a positive effect on the brightness of the flowers and leaves of plants. Therefore, it is often used to feed home flowers.
Phosphoric Nitrofoska especially like tomatoes, which when making this fertilizer produce larger fruits.
As a result of a series of chemical reactions, nitrophosphate can become explosive. Therefore, it should be stored in a dark room with low humidity, preventing heating and direct contact with other substances.
Pros and cons of nitrofoski
Nitrophoska improves the quality of the soil, contributes to the formation of a lush green mass and the setting of large fruits. The granules do not clot for a long time and remain crumbly. Nitrophoska fertilizer is highly soluble in water, easily penetrates plant cells, has a prolonged effect. With proper use does not adversely affect the skin and mucous membranes. The undoubted advantage of fertilizer is its relatively low price. The main disadvantage of nitrophoska is a short shelf life.
It is extremely important to comply with the dosage, because excessive application of nitrophosphate into the soil can lead to plant rotting or accumulation of nitrates in fruits
The nitrogen in the fertilizer begins to act immediately after application to the soil, and phosphorus - after some time. They help plants to accumulate vegetative mass. In turn, potassium contributes to the production of vegetable sugars, which accumulate in the pulp and have a positive effect on the taste and density of fruits.
The use of fertilizer nitrophoska
Nitrophoska is suitable for feeding trees, vegetables and houseplants.
Fruit trees and shrubs fertilize in the spring. To ensure a decent harvest of apples, you can feed the trees with fertilizer dissolved in water at the rate of 50 g nitrophoska per 10 l of water (about 20 l of solution should be poured under one tree). For perennial plants, dry granules of nitrophoska should be made exclusively in moist soil, so as not to burn the roots. Therefore, if you choose this method of feeding, the tree trunk circle must first be shed with water.
For feeding cherries You can make up to 200 g of nitrophoska, for gooseberry and currants - no more than 150 g, raspberries - 50 g per 1 square meter, embedding the granules in the soil between the ridges.
For the garden and vegetable garden often use nitrophoska with a ratio of NPK 16:16:16. If fertilizing is carried out by the method of fertigation (application of fertilizers simultaneously with irrigation), then apply the complex with magnesium, in which the ratio of basic substances will be 15: 10: 15: 2
When landing garden strawberries About 40 g of fertilizer can be added to each well. It is also possible foliar feeding during flowering and after harvesting (if the bush was transplanted with the introduction of nitrophoska, then the first feeding should be skipped). It is important to carry out spraying in the early morning or in the evening - after sunset, so that its rays do not fall on the plants.
When introducing nitrophoska into the wells, it is important to ensure that the roots or tubers of the plants do not come into contact with the granules, otherwise the plants can get burned
On average for top dressing garden cropsgrown in open ground, it is recommended to use nitrophoska at the rate of - 70 g per square meter.
When landing tomatoes You can add about 15 g of fertilizer mixed with soil to each well. Re-feeding with a solution of nitrophoska should be carried out no earlier than two weeks (50 g of fertilizer per 10 liters of water).
When disembarking cucumbers you can make nitrophoska in the soil at the rate of 30 g per 1 square meter of bed. The composition for the subsequent feeding of cucumbers is prepared at the rate of 40 g of fertilizer per 10 liters of water (300-500 g of solution for each plant). Fertilizer will help increase yields by about 20%.
- How to increase the yield of cucumbers 1.5-2 timesBy following these 7 simple rules, you will increase the yield of cucumbers at times!
Eggplant fed 14 days after transplantation in the ground (20 g nitrophoska per 10 liters of water).
Plot under potatoes It is better to prepare in advance by adding nitrophoska during the autumn digging. If you did not have time to do it in the fall, then in the spring you can add one spoonful of granules to each well.
Under the winter garlic Nitrofosku not contribute, because Included in its composition nitrogen improves germination. Sprouted early plants can not overwinter. All varieties of garlic are fed exclusively in the spring (30 g of fertilizer per 10 liters of water).
Nitrophoska can be a great help when growing colors, including room, which shows foliar dressing (4 tablespoons of fertilizer in a bucket of water). If you grow roses, then remember that for one bush only 10 g of nitrophoska will suffice. A larger number can make plants vulnerable to the fungus.
Make nitrophoska when growing flowers need in May and June. Later fertilizer can cause excessive growth of green mass.
Nitrophoska is a universal balanced complex fertilizer that will help your green pets to develop and abundantly produce fruits. And what else can you feed the plants in the spring, you will learn from our other publications:
Spring feeding bulbous
Spring feeding of fruit trees and berry bushes
How to feed strawberries in spring
Fertilizers for the lawn: how to feed the lawn in spring, summer and autumn
What can feed manure?