Among all garden crops, greens are considered "pioneers." Therefore, they appear on the market before all others. When and how to plant onions, lettuce, dill, parsley and coriander, so that they come up as early as possible?
Prepare the sleigh in the summer, and the beds under the early green - in the fall. Only on the soil prepared in advance green will sprout together and quickly. In the spring (mid-March) the ground should be covered with a film so that it warms up. It is good if there is a greenhouse on the plot: it will greatly facilitate both the preparation of the soil and the subsequent care of the plants. If the greenhouse is made conscientiously or it is possible to heat it, then the first green can be obtained as early as April.
We plant onions on the feather
To obtain a feather, onion samples are used - baby bulbs 2.5-4 cm in size. They are planted in early April. Theoretically, any onions are suitable for early planting, but seasoned gardeners prefer to use multi-varieties (for example, Danilovsky or Strigunovsky).
Green onions is useful for avitaminosis, dizziness, spring fatigue
Onions are planted on the garden in several rows. Bulbs can be placed almost close to each other - this method is called pavement. Is there some more half bridge method: when a distance of 1 cm is left between the bulbs. In the second case, less planting material is required, but the harvest, respectively, is not much.
Since the onion is a heat-loving plant, it is advisable to warm or take shelter of a greenhouse or greenhouse. Remove the bow when its feathers reach 30 cm in length.
The rate of landing onions on the feather - 6-8 kg per sq.m.
Lettuce in 2 weeks
Salad, perhaps the most fertile culture of all green. Today there are varieties that fully ripen by the end of the second week after sowing. These include, for example, Baby Lives color.
Dates of sowing lettuce depend on the varieties. Begin with early maturing - they can be sown throughout April. From April to mid-June, medium and late ripening varieties are sown.
Rows under the salad make across the beds at a distance of 1 cm from each other. “Paths” should not be too deep: no more than 1 cm. Between the seeds should be left about 1.5 cm.
Lettuce leaves are rich in folic acid, which has a positive effect on brain activity.
If you grow lettuce in the open field, then to get an early harvest you should take care of the shelter. It is best to make a mini-greenhouse, covering the crops with film, thrown over the arc, or a homemade frame.
A week after sowing, the soil around the lettuce should be loosened, weeds removed, the seedlings thin out so that the distance between them is 5-7 cm. Water the plants every 1-2 days, and when the leaves start to grow vigorously - 1-2 times a week.
Salad sowing rate - 1-3 g per sq.m.
We grow the most expensive dill
Dill is the most expensive on the market in autumn or early spring. Therefore, growing it for sale, it is so important to get the seedlings as early as possible. To do this, you will need a greenhouse or at least a film cover.
If it is possible to heat the greenhouse, then it is possible to sow dill into it at the very beginning of March. In ordinary greenhouses, the plant is sown in early April. Dill is usually harvested 6-7 weeks after sowing.
Dill herbs relieves headaches and helps to cope with insomnia
You can speed up the appearance of the crop if you use the treated seeds. The sowing scheme is also of great importance. The best way is to sow the entire soil area in the greenhouse, leaving only a small path in the middle for the passage about 40 cm wide. This approach is considered the most practical.
Sowing rate of fennel seeds - 15 g per sq.m.
Care for dill is easy. From sowing to harvest it is enough to water 2-3 times and feed once with nitrogen fertilizers. Dill should be harvested in the morning. After that, it should immediately be placed in the refrigerator or moved under a canopy.
Parsley - greens, which is always in demand
You can get an early harvest of parsley by sowing greens in the second half of April. Before this, it is recommended to germinate the seeds (soak in water before swelling, and then wrap in wet gauze). Tilt seeds right on the gauze should be placed in the refrigerator for 10-15 days. This procedure is called hardening and allows you to get the first shoots on the 5th day after sowing.
The soil for sowing parsley should be prepared in the autumn. These greens are very fond of fertilizers, so 3-5 kg of manure (or humus) must be applied for digging, as well as superphosphate at the rate of 20-30 g per square meter and potassium chloride - 10-15 g per square meter.
100 g of young parsley sprouts contain 2 daily allowances of vitamin C
Sow parsley in rows of up to 3 cm in depth. The distance between the honey and the grooves should be 30-40 cm. After sowing, the bed should be covered with peat and covered with film so that the seeds are warm in the ground.
Sowing rate of parsley - 1 g per square meter
As in the case of dill, shoots need to thin out. Gaps of 4-6 cm should remain between the plants. Parsley is fed 2 times: after 3-4 leaves appear on the plants and 15-20 days after sowing.
The first dressing: ammonium nitrate (10-15 g per square meter). The second dressing: ammonium nitrate (5-7 g per square meter), superphosphate (7-10 g per square meter) and potash salt (5-7 g per square meter).
Coriander is not afraid of cold
Coriander is great for growing in early spring, because it is quite cold-resistant greens. But it should be borne in mind that the plant needs a long light day - only then will it develop well and quickly.
Coriander can be sown on greens every 2-3 weeks, from spring to mid-summer. The culture will grow best on light sandy and loamy soils with a neutral reaction. In small areas, rows are made at a distance of about 30 cm from each other; in large areas, it can be increased to 50-60 cm.
The seeding rate of coriander seeds is 2.5 g per square meter.
Coriander is an effective antibacterial and antimicrobial agent.
From sowing coriander (in March-April) before the appearance of peduncles, subject to growing it in a greenhouse, it takes about 40 days. At a later sowing (in May-June), flower stalks will appear faster - in 20 days. But in the second case, coriander has not yet “built up” enough green mass.
If you grow coriander on greens, remember that you need to remove it before the inflorescence begins to grow.
Crop coriander is harvested when the plants reach a height of 12-17 cm. They are easy to pull out, after which you need to put in boxes or immediately bundled.
Growing greens for sale is very profitable, because the demand for such products will always be, and the initial capital is not required at all. And also, combining business with pleasure, you will always be with greens: on the table, and in your pocket.