If you want to plant a lilac on the plot, there is nothing easier than buying a ready sapling. But if you notice a rare variety, then you have to propagate the lilac yourself.
Lilac can be propagated in four ways: by separating the shoots, cutting, grafting and sowing seeds. Let's look at each of them.
Method 1: separation of shoots
This is the easiest and fairly fast way to reproduce lilacs. The best time to separate the shoots from the mother bush is autumn. To carry out the procedure, it is necessary to cut off the root at a distance of 15-20 cm from the seedlings from the bush of a lilac root. This should be done with shears and very carefully so as not to damage the uterine plant.
Since the seedling looks like an inverted "t", it is planted in a suitable groove on a separate bed. After 1-2 years, when the plant grows and becomes stronger, it can be transplanted to a permanent place.
If you spotted a bush in summer, then lilac can also be propagated at this time - starting in the second half of July. The day before this bush should be poured abundantly. During the summer, the transplanted delenka should also be moistened periodically. And in sunny weather, young lilac saplings require shading.
Method 2: grafting
To cut the lilac is best after its flowering. For this, adult bushes are well suited - 5-8 years. Shoots should be one-year, lumbering, not too thick and with short internodes.
Cuttings should be cut in the morning or evening with a well-sharpened knife. Their optimum length is 10-15 cm. There should be from 2 to 4 buds on each handle. In this case, the cut should be made close to the lower node. After this, it is necessary to cut the tip and shorten the upper leaflets by 1/3 (the lower ones should be carefully removed).
Cut cuttings should be placed in a solution Epin-Extra for 12-18 hours. After that, their lower sections should be powdered with a root formation stimulant (for example, by Kornevin) and planted in a greenhouse.
A mixture of coarse sand and peat with the addition of perlite is suitable as a primer. The distance between the cuttings should be such that they only slightly touch each other with leaves. As a top layer, some river sand can be poured in order to protect the cuttings from rot and mildew.
The day before planting the cuttings, the soil in the greenhouse is recommended to be shed with Fitosporin-M solution.
Lilac rooted for a long time: it can take up to 6-8 weeks. During this time, the cuttings need pritenyat from the bright sun and periodically spray. Fading or falling leaves must be removed immediately. Starting from August, the greenhouse should be periodically aired, preferably in the evening, and a couple of weeks after that, the seedlings should be completely opened.
If by September the cuttings have time to take root, they can be transplanted into open ground. Plants that are late in development, it is better to leave for next year. At first, the young lilac is actively increasing its roots, so it is not necessary to wait for a clear increase and flowering in the first year.
Method 3: Inoculation
Lilac vaccination is considered the most difficult way of all. Budding most often carried out in the spring, when the active sap flow begins. If you are planting varietal lilac, then the stock should be of the same type as the variety you have chosen.
Method 4: Sowing Seeds
For reproduction by the seed method, only natural species of lilac are suitable. It is worth resorting to this method if you need to get a lot of lilac seedlings at a time. For example, as rootstocks for grafting. Only at once it should be understood that this process is far from fast.
To collect the seeds from the lilac, it is necessary to pluck a few inflorescences from the plant you like and dry it. The best time for this is September-October. Seeds can be sown immediately after extraction from dried inflorescences, and can be saved until spring (but then they will need stratification).
Usually seeds are sown in a box with steamed earth. In winter, it should stand in a place where snow will not deflate from it. So the lilac seeds will be stratified in natural conditions and will sprout in spring.
Have you ever propagated lilacs? Which way do you like more? Share with us in the comments or on the forum.