Growing cauliflower seedlings is not a complicated process. Enough to follow some recommendations, and you will not have problems with this culture.
Cauliflower is not only tasty, but also useful. Therefore, it is definitely worth landing it on your site. But first you need to grow quality seedlings. How to do it?
Usually, cauliflower seedlings are ready to "move" to the garden on the 45th day. Therefore, you can sow it from the end of March - beginning of April. Then you can get an early harvest. But this is on condition that the varieties will be early. Today, among the early varieties of cauliflower are popular Alpha, Gribovskaya 1355, Movir 74, Sierra, Domestic, Express.
The planting time for cauliflower depends largely on the region and weather conditions. If you know about when it is better to plant cabbage in open ground in your area, just count back 45 days from this date - and get the time for sowing seeds for seedlings.
What to make the substrate?
Cauliflower seedlings need a nutritious soil for good growth and development. Therefore it is necessary to prepare a special mixture consisting of sod land, humus and peat, taken in equal shares. If you take the land from the plot, it must be disinfected with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
How to prepare the seeds?
Before sowing, cauliflower seeds should be sorted. It is necessary to sow only the largest specimens - this allows you to grow stronger seedlings and increase yields by 30%.
Next, it is recommended to warm the seeds by immersing them for 20 minutes in hot water (about 50 ° C), and then pickling in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for about 8 hours. The first procedure contributes to the speedy germination of seeds. The second helps to disinfect the seed.
Sowing Cauliflower Seeds
Cauliflower is usually sown to a depth of about 1 cm. The distance between the seeds should be 10 cm. After sowing, it is recommended to sprinkle the soil surface with a small layer of calcined sand or ash - for the prevention of black leg. Then crops should be sprayed from the spray. If you water them from the watering can, the seeds can go deeper into the soil and will germinate worse.
Care for sprout seedlings
Before the emergence of seedlings, crops should be kept at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. After the cabbage has risen, the temperature should be reduced to 6-8 ° C in the daytime and 5-6 ° C in the evening. After a week, the temperature is slightly raised - up to 10-12 ° C. In such conditions, the seedlings of cauliflower should grow about 10 more days (before picking). This procedure will help harden the plants. They will grow strong and resistant to weather changes.
Pickling cauliflower seedlings
Picks spend 1-1.5 weeks after germination. With the transplantation of cauliflower seedlings, it is better not to delay, because in older plants it is easy to damage the root system, as a result of which they will take root poorly.
Dive cauliflower is best in peat pots. They will also help protect the roots of seedlings, since it is possible to transplant plants into open ground right in these containers. In addition, such seedlings take root quickly and safely. But there is nothing to worry about if you transplant seedlings into any other containers that you have.
When picking, each seedling needs to be buried in the soil up to the cotyledon leaves. After the procedure, the ground in separate pots can be sprinkled with wood ash.
How to feed the seedlings?
To seedlings grow healthy and strong, it is desirable to feed it 1-2 times with mineral fertilizers. The first dressing is usually carried out 10 days after the picking, the second - even 10 days later. Potash fertilizers (10 g) and superphosphate (20 g), which are diluted in 10 liters of water, can be used as supplements.
Hardening cauliflower seedlings
12 days before planting in open ground, cabbage seedlings should be put on the balcony or in the greenhouse (with a temperature of 5 ° C) in the daytime. At night, seedlings should be returned to the room. 5 days before transplanting, they can be transferred to a greenhouse. During the day, it can be periodically ventilated so that the plants adapt to outdoor living.
Practice these recommendations for growing cauliflower seedlings, and you will get healthy and high-quality plants ready for transplanting into open ground.
And if you do not know how to care for plants in the future, use our advice.
- Growing cauliflower in open fieldCauliflower is a healthy and tasty vegetable that you can easily grow yourself in the summer cottage.