The motor-cultivator facilitates works on the earth. But it provided that he was chosen correctly. After all, there are many offers of equipment for the garden and backyard, each praising its products. How to determine that it is really worth?
Let's talk about the main points that need to be paid attention to when asking prices for a motor-cultivator to give.
As a rule, motor-cultivators are equipped with gasoline internal combustion engines. Diesel version on cultivators is rare, usually it is equipped with heavier equipment - tillers, mini tractors.
For garden equipment, two- and four-stroke gasoline engines are used. The first type is relatively rare and is used on ultralight aggregates. The four-stroke engine is significantly more common. Without going into technical details, we only note that this type of engine is less noisy, less smoky, and is capable of developing more power than its “younger brother”. In addition, he has a greater resource.
There are also electric motor-cultivators. With a sufficiently powerful engine, they can perform the same work as units with an internal combustion engine. But there is one drawback: to work you need a constant connection to the network.
Under the power of the cultivator refers to the power of its engine. In the passport to the garden equipment, this parameter is indicated both in watts and in horsepower. For units operating on the ground, it is more convenient to use the "horsepower" characteristic.
If in the passport of garden equipment only the power in watts is indicated, you can independently calculate the number of "horses": 1 kW equals 1.36 horsepower.
By power, all motor-cultivators are divided into three groups:
- Lungs. This group includes cultivators with power up to 1-2 hp They have relatively small dimensions and weight. They can be used on soft soils, where special efforts are not required for penetration of cutters into the ground. For example, in greenhouses and hotbeds, in front gardens. Thanks to its compact size, the light cultivator processes hard to reach places. Work with this type of cultivators can teenagers, women, people who do not have great physical strength.
- Average. Quite a large group. These include units ranging from 2 to 4-6 hp. With such cultivators it is harder to control (some skill and physical strength is required). On the other hand, they are capable of processing rather dense soil, even not previously cultivated, to a depth of 15-20 cm. An ideal choice for plots of 6-10 acres in size.
- Heavy. This group includes cultivators with engines of 6-9 hp. More powerful engines are already installed on the tillers. The equipment of such power is suitable for use on large areas (10-15 acres), where no special maneuvering is required. Of course, to be controlled with heavy machinery requires good physical condition.
Usually it is calculated according to the following formula: how much land can be cultivated with one or another motor-cultivator per unit of time. However, such comparisons are correct only within groups. A more powerful cultivator has more cutters, that is, a greater width of the “track” that it can pass at a time, therefore, the performance is better. In addition, the greater the weight of the unit, the easier it is to plow hard ground to the desired depth.
The more powerful the cultivator, the higher its performance
When choosing, it is necessary to clearly know in what conditions the equipment will be used, for what types of work it is necessary.
Also an important feature. It must be correlated with their physical capabilities.
Light motor cultivators weigh up to 10-15 kg. At the same time, they are mobile, with their help you can process flower beds, alpine slides, small greenhouses and greenhouses, climb into remote places.
Average cultivators, depending on the capacity, weigh up to 50 kg. They are convenient for processing garden. If you remove the additional cutters, you can walk between the beds. In this case, the weight and dimensions allow you to immerse the vehicle in the trunk of a car.
Heavy motor cultivators weigh up to 100 kg. Use them better in large areas where you do not need to maneuver. Only a physically strong person can handle them, and for transportation you will have to use a trailer. If you care for a small area, you don’t need such a cultivator.
These characteristics depend on the weight of the cultivator and its power. The more powerful the engine, the stronger the cultivator will pull forward. Consequently, it will take efforts to hold it, otherwise, instead of plowing the ground, especially hard, you will run through the garden, breaking up a thin topsoil.
Choose a cultivator taking into account the physical data of the person who will work on it
The cultivator control stick is usually made like a bicycle handlebar. It has a gas knob and an ignition button. Moving forward is possible only when the throttle is squeezed. If you let it go, the walk-behind tractor will immediately stop, but the engine will continue to operate at idle speed. Sometimes the handle is reversed on the handle.
The maneuverability of any cultivator depends on its size, or rather, on the width of the ground. It is clear that the more cutters installed, the wider the grip will be, but at the same time the turn will be difficult, not to mention the passage, for example, between the beds. Therefore, here we must decide what is more important for you - power or maneuverability.
At cultivators are not too many options for attachments. Is that static. For example, disks for hilling, plow (it not only controls the depth of plowing, but also helps to make a furrow for planting). If the seller convinces you that you can use a lot of different additional equipment with a motor-cultivator, this is a reason to be wary: either he doesn’t quite know what he is selling, or the quality of equipment will not be very reliable, because the cultivators are not designed for additional options.
7. Motor Resource
Buying a cultivator for the garden, everyone wants the equipment to work as long as possible, and ideally - forever. But there are no perpetual motion machines, and any unit has its own lifespan.
This indicator depends on the quality of manufacture and assembly of individual parts and assemblies. Any manufacturer indicates in the passport the warranty period of operation. It should be carefully read about the operating conditions and the occurrence of warranty cases.
Cultivator - reliable assistant in a small area
Motor-resource is essentially reduced, if equipment did not serve, did not change oil, filters. And, of course, the longevity of the cultivator depends on the compliance of the operating conditions with the realities of life and the quality of the fuel used (requirements are also indicated in the passport).
One of the most vulnerable nodes of the cultivator is the gearbox. When choosing, pay attention to its location and security, otherwise you can damage this part, hitting, for example, on a stone.
8. Brand manufacturer
Convenience of work, build quality, durability of equipment and its price largely depend on the manufacturer. The most high-quality cultivators are produced in Europe (Germany, Austria) and in Japan. Very often, well-known manufacturers from these countries place production and assembly plants in China. At the same time, well-known brands control the quality at every stage. Therefore, do not be confused by the inscription "made in China".
Of course, the cost of such models will be high, and the requirements for the use of fuel and lubricants are relevant. However, it is pleasant to work with expensive equipment, and it will last more than one year.
On the contrary, choosing a cultivator to give a little-known brand, you risk contacting the repair shop after the first start of the engine.
All this, of course, recommendations of a general nature. The decisive argument in favor of the purchase of an aggregate is often the advice of friends and acquaintances, and, of course, its cost. We hope our tips will help you avoid the mistakes of many beginners who have saved on the quality of garden equipment. Unfortunately, very often then they have to thoroughly invest in its repair. So it is better to approach the choice of the garden "assistant" thoroughly and deliberately. After all, he will serve you more than one year.