Heather bushes with proper care help create attractive forest carpets in the flower garden. This is a great design solution for those who like the style of naturgardin. We tell what needs to be done to make the heather harmonize in the design of the garden.
Common heather (Calluna vulgaris) is an evergreen compact shrub (10-60 cm high), which at the end of summer - beginning of autumn adorns the garden with small white, yellow or lilac-pink flowers. This attractive plant is used in traditional medicine (mainly in the form of infusion) as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic and antibacterial agent for cystitis, urolithiasis, gout, rheumatism and colds.
- Everything you wanted to know about heather - planting, care, breeding, popular varietiesDetailed instructions for growing and breeding heather for those who have decided to transform their garden with this stylish and spectacular plant.
Single bushes do not look very impressive, so the heather is often planted in large groups of simultaneously flowering varieties. In this case, plants can be of different colors.
Popular varieties of heather
Decorative heathers can be planted in a garden in groups depending on the height of the bushes.
These plants reach a height of 40-60 cm. These varieties are good for creating multi-level compositions, where tall plants are side by side with squat ones. White heath is great for this role. Long white and carmine red Allegro and Annemarie.
Shrubs 30-40 cm tall are suitable for various compositions. Plants adorn rock gardens and rockeries, are used to create monochrome gardens in lilac-purple tones. The most popular varieties The boscope (with lilac-pink flowers and light-green leaves), Carmen (with pinkish-purple inflorescences) and Aurea (with soft purple flowers and golden leaves that acquire a terracotta shade in the fall).
Miniature varieties do not rise above the ground by more than 30 cm. They are best suited for creating heather fields. Incredibly attractive purple heather Heidetswerg, ruby red Dark star and Red Starsilver violet Silver Knight.
Secrets of the successful landing of heather
Shrub lives in one place for about 20 years, so the choice of land should be approached responsibly. The first thing you need to choose a sunny place in the garden. Heather takes out and partial shade, but then the plant more modest flowering.
In addition, this place should be protected from wind and water flooding. If necessary, the site is placed drainage. Next to the heather can be stunted coniferous bushes or small trees, as long as they do not block the light.
The site should be loose, breathable, acidic soil. Ideally, coniferous land (semi-decomposed bedding of pine or spruce forest), which is taken from a depth of 5-7 cm. A mixture of high-moor peat, coniferous earth and sand in a ratio of 3: 2: 1 is also suitable.
The best time to plant a heather is the end of April - the middle of May. During this period, the soil is saturated with moisture and the weather is warm enough, so the bushes take root well. Plants with a closed root system (in containers) can be planted in the summer, but in dry and hot weather they should be carefully looked after: shade and water regularly. Heathers are planted in September, but more gentle specimens risk not having time to settle down at a new place before the onset of cold weather.
The landing hole for heather should be shallow (25-35 cm), but wide enough (about 40 cm). When planting a few bushes, it is better to make a shallow pit and fill it with soil suitable for heather.
The heather is removed from the container, immersed in a container with water so that the earth lump is soaked with moisture, then the plant is planted so that the bruising neck is located above ground level. After that, the bushes are abundantly watered.
If a whole glade is planted with heathers, then the bushes are first placed along its contour, and then the remaining voids are filled so that there is an equal distance between the plants.
Tall heathers plant 6-8 bushes per 1 square meter, and undersized ones - 12-15 pieces per 1 square meter.
All members of the Heather family have a superficial root system, therefore, when weeding, we must be extremely careful. In order not to damage the roots, it is better not to loosen the soil around the heathers. To preserve moisture in the soil and reduce weeding, bushes are mulched with dry peat, pine needles, wood chips or bark.
In the summer, the layer of mulch should be about 3 cm, and in the late autumn and winter - 10 cm. In addition, for the winter, planting heather should be covered with healthy oak leaves and spruce leaves.
From May to autumn, heathers are watered regularly, but it is important not to pour the plants. Usually in the summer, 1-2 buckets of water are consumed for 5-7 adult bushes per week. In dry times in the evening it is recommended to arrange water sprinkling at room temperature. If the water is hard, it must be acidified. In this case, 1-2 days before watering, a little red peat is added to it and allowed to stand.
If you planted heather on suitable ground, then you do not need to feed the plant. When grown on depleted soil in spring, granulated Florovit fertilizer for rhododendron can be scattered under bushes. And note: fresh organic matter, ash, lime and chlorine are contraindicated to heathers.
- Heath care calendarFind out how to care for heather throughout the year.
Win-win flowerbed design ideas with heather
Heathers look great in homogeneous groups. When planting use plants of the same variety.
Also good landing small islands of bushes of different shades. So, lilac and purple heathers can be diluted with white or with plants with habitual green leaves you can add specimens with yellow-golden or silver leaves.
Heather is incredibly beautiful during the mass flowering, and after winter the bushes look inconspicuous and dried. Therefore, they should not be planted along the garden paths and near the main entrance.
Heathers are suitable for alpine slides, rockeries and perfectly decorate the shores of artificial ponds. Good neighbors for these shrubs will be creeping juniper, compact thuja, evergreen rhododendron, thyme, carnation travyanka.
Of course, these are not all options for using heather in landscape design. This tender plant is often grown in containers or pots and create from them a variety of compositions. Such heathers will decorate the window sills in the house, on the balcony or on the veranda.