Every year tons of garbage are left in the countryside. Often they "settle" in the neighboring ravines and on the forest edges. How to organize the suburban life in such a way as to leave behind a minimum of waste and not harm the environment?
We all strive for the perfect order in our suburban possessions, creating there "paradise" for work and leisure. But not all gardeners are conscious and strictly observe the commandment that nature should be loved and protected from pollution by household waste.
For examples of the heartless and devil-may-care attitude to forests, ravines and fields turned by landowners into landfills, it is not necessary to go far. Enough to drive off a few dozen kilometers from major cities to personally take a look at this mess. About how to benefit from household waste, we will tell in the article.
Practically every summer resident asks a question about what to do with plant and household waste so as not to pollute your site? Not all gardening partnerships are equipped with garbage collection containers, which are regularly removed. Many of the irresponsible landowners, despite the prohibitions of the environmental police, have learned to litter rotten vegetables and fruits, tops, cut down branches of trees and broken household appliances nearby forests, ravines and fields. This is a crime not only in relation to nature, but also to ourselves, to our health.
But even the garbage that remained on the site after construction work, you can always find use in personal economy:
- pieces of concrete will be an excellent basis for a blind area around a house or garden path. They can also be used to create a concrete base for a stove, a fireplace or a platform for a car;
- broken brick, which remained unclaimed in the process of construction, can be used as a decor for a flower bed, on the paths in the garden or near the house;
- formwork boards, cleared of cement chips, will be used in the construction of greenhouses or crates of the compost pit;
- sawdust with shavings perform the function of mulch in flower beds and garden beds. They can also be used as one of the mineral components of the compost;
- broken glass, if there are no appropriate containers at an individual site or in a gardening cooperative, it is desirable to collect and transport them to the city for recycling;
- metal rods and fittings can be used as props or guides near flower and berry bushes;
- aluminum or steel wire is good to tie up the bushes of red and black currants;
- Old nails, cans of paint or canned food, it is desirable to ignite on the fire, and then bury it under the apple trees as a metal-containing fertilizer.
Broken brick paths look natural and reliable
The collection of tomatoes and cucumbers mainly occurs at the end of the summer. Both of these plants are prone to phytophthora infection, so it is quite risky to send them to the tops in the compost pit, since a ripening substrate can be infected with an infection.
Sometimes vegetable tops are used to create warm beds.
In order not to burden itself with the removal of tops to a landfill, it is advisable to spread the grass in a sunny meadow, let it dry and burn in late September or early October. And apply the resulting ash in the next summer season to feed the vegetation.
As for the rotten apples and their rotting in the compost pits, there is no consensus among summer residents. Some argue that the fallen fruits can be laid in compost heaps, others advise to bury them separately somewhere in remote corners of the garden. However, neither the first nor the second gardeners have ever complained that the soil in which tens or even hundreds of kilograms of apples have rotted has become worse to bear fruit or has become infected by microbes.
The compost box is a universal waste bin for us
Each gardener has the right to independently decide what to do with the excess of perishable fruits in a fruitful year.
Sawn branches of trees and shrubs can also be used. Thin branches, if they are slightly dried, can be burned at the stake, and the ashes can be used as fertilizer for the soil.
Thicker branches will be an excellent fuel for home stoves or fireplaces. When burning, they emit a pleasant fruity smell. Carefully cutting the branches into equal parts, it is advisable to lay them in a pile of wood for several months in order for them to dry. Freshly sawn branches of apple and pear trees burn slowly.
From a piece of the old trunk can make a bird feeder
High and smooth branches can be used in country needs in the form of props for various shrubs. The sawing process is, of course, time consuming, but a good and thoughtful owner cannot do without it.
Leaf fall on summer cottages begins in late September - early October. It usually rains during these months, and it is not always possible to burn dry leaves.
To give her the opportunity to dry, spread the leaves, leaving them for the winter under the eaves, and they will not get wet.
Dry foliage itself and is an excellent fertilizer, and warms the planting
With the onset of spring, last year’s leaves should be burned at a well-equipped fireplace or in an old metal barrel. Ash will be an excellent "spring" fertilizer.
Compost pits are designed for rotting plant and food waste. It is advisable to build them in the shady corners of the garden, on the borders of the plots, as annoying insects such as wasps, flies and mosquitoes always circle around rotting vegetation.
To avoid conflicts with neighbors due to the "cloud" of insects and the smell of rotting, it became fashionable to close the compost pits with skeletons entwined with grapevine or other climbing ornamental plants.
The bottom of the pit is better to strengthen the clay base or put on the ground a thick plastic wrap. The crate can be made from planks or from slate sheets (that is, the same household waste).
In the compost "sandwich" should be stored in layers of mowed grass, sawdust with shavings, weeds, food waste, egg shells, rotted fruit, bird droppings or cattle feces: cows, goats, horses.
Collected waste must be regularly watered to accelerate the decomposition of biological products. In spring, the soil formed in the compost pit will be an excellent fertilizer for beds and feeding fruit trees and shrubs.
Neat fence for the beds of plastic bottles
We have already learned how to make various decorative “wonders” from empty plastic bottles that adorn our gardens. Bottles from under the juice and beer, half buried in the ground, are used for edging flower beds and beds, and bottles filled with water, have become a substitute for cobblestones and serve to hold a removable plastic film or spunbond over various plantings in windy weather.
In order not to turn the neighborhood into a scrap yard, consider how you can use leaky baths or leaky pans, idle refrigerators or washing machines in the household.
Children's locker from the inoperative refrigerator
Craftsmen skillfully transform refrigerators into furnaces for burning garbage or heating of summer houses. Washing machines become original cabinets or cabinets, repainted pots are buried in the ground and planted flowers in them, and mini-ponds are arranged in the baths. The metal base saturates the earth with iron.
On the outskirts of many villages of the Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, one can often see hay-filled feeding troughs for forest animals: roe deer, goats, elks or deer. In the summer, local peasants mow their possessions on purpose, but they do not destroy hay, but keep it safe until winter, when hunger times come to our smaller brothers.
Running a waste-free country economy is beneficial and cost-effective for every zealous owner. After all, this is how we do not pollute the environment, protect nature and live in harmony with it.