Do you want on your summer cottage to get a cozy forest, in which it is pleasant to walk? Plant krupnomera plants! We will tell you how to do it right.
Planting trees - the main type of gardening suburban area. But they grow slowly. So what to do if you have acquired an absolutely “bare” piece of land, which is more like a wasteland than a neat lawn? There is an exit! Plant large trees!
1. What are krupnomer?
These are trees from 3 to 15 m high, whose age exceeds 5 years. However, gardeners often call krupnomer any plants with a volumetric crown and a well-developed root system, even if they are below 3 m.
2. What krupnomer suitable for transplant?
On the site you can plant any adult trees: conifers, decorative leafy, fruit. But there is one thing to consider: the older the plant, the worse it takes root.
A large tree suitable for transplantation should have a well-formed crown, an even and straight trunk, a powerful and well-developed root system. If you buy a large-sized one in a specialized nursery, then an earthy clod (rounded or trapezoidal) must be wrapped in a baked metal mesh and / or burlap. The weight of such a coma can reach 500-600 kg.
3. How to choose a healthy large tree?
Sometimes diseases can occur in a hidden form, so it is often the case that you plant a healthy (at first glance) tree, and after a few years it dies and infects "neighbors." To avoid this, when buying a plant, consult with a specialist.
If you do not have such an opportunity, and the only person who can help you is the seller, then contact a trusted nursery. Carefully examine all the trees, not just the ones you want to purchase. None of the plants should not be signs of illness and pests.
Do not forget to ask the consultant what care is needed for a specific tree.
4. Which krupnomer better: from a container or open ground?
A plus container large wood lies in the fact that its root system is not injured during digging. Therefore, when transplanting such plants are not under stress. But there is also a significant minus: such trees grow in a limited space, and if the capacity is too tight, their roots begin to deform.
Trees growing in the open field, every 2-3 years, transplanted to a new location and change their location relative to the cardinal points. Therefore, such specimens have strong roots and a beautiful crown. But they need to be transplanted at a certain time.
5. When to plant large plants?
Trees with a closed root system are planted all year round. In winter, plants are less sensitive to external influences, a slightly frozen body does not crumble, therefore such specimens easily tolerate transplantation. However, in the frozen soil harder to dig a hole. But this problem is easily solved with the help of special equipment, without which, in any case, it cannot be avoided.
Krupnomerov from containers it is possible to replant and in the summer. But it is not recommended to do this during flowering. First of all it concerns coniferous and ornamental deciduous trees. In addition, you need to consider that plants can not be transplanted at air temperatures above 25 ° C.
Krupnomera with a closed root system can be planted at any time of year
Large-sized trees from open ground are transplanted in spring or autumn, and fruit plants usually “settle” on the site in September-October.
6. How and when to prepare the landing hole?
Planting pits prepare for 6-14 days before planting trees. During this time, the soil is enriched with oxygen. The length and width of the pit should be 70-90 cm, and the depth - 20-35 cm more than the size of the earth coma.
At the bottom of the pit poured expanded clay, broken brick or gravel layer of 15-25 cm. After that, there is laid fertile soil: a mixture of humus, sand, peat, black earth. Depending on the type of wood in this soil, one or another component may prevail.
In addition, when preparing the landing pits take into account the distance between them, so that the large-sized plants do not interfere with each other.
7. How to plant large size?
Planting krupnomerov - a laborious and responsible business. Such an operation cannot be carried out without special equipment. A tree together with a lump of earth is installed in the landing pit with the help of a mobile crane operated by experienced workers. In this case, the plants are planted so that the lump rises above the level of the soil by about 10-15 cm - then the earth will settle.
The material supporting the earthen room is removed only after the tree is exactly standing in the landing pit.
The pit is covered with soil, the ground is well compacted and tamped, so that there are no voids, and watered abundantly (spend 40-50 liters of water). Then krupnomer fix special stretch marks (spacers). They are removed only after 2-3 years, when the tree will take root well, and the earth will completely settle.
After planting, the near-stem circle is mulched with tree bark, peat or chips.
8. How to care for a large tree?
Krupnomery take root around 5 years, but only the first 2 years need special care. The most important point is the right watering. Once a week plentifully watered the tree with clean water without mineral additives. Watering is carried out even in wet weather, but in this case, the amount of water is reduced.
The most appropriate time for watering is morning (before 12 o'clock) and evening (after 18). Water temperature should be in the range of 15-22 ° C.
To improve survival, biostimulants of growth are periodically added to water (Heteroauxin, Cornevin)
In the first year of fruit trees, half of the fruit ovaries are removed so that the plant expends its efforts only on the formation of new roots. Coniferous krupnomerov for the winter cover with a sacking or spunbond that the spring sun did not burn them. Ornamental and fruit trees in the winter protect against rodents.
In addition, prophylactic treatments for diseases and pests are carried out during the growing season. After 2-3 years, remove the stretch marks that support the plants.
9. What krupnomer plant on the site?
From large trees, you can create an attractive alley: the plants are planted in parallel rows on both sides of the road. For such a composition, coniferous krupnomer with a column-like crown (for example, juniper Compressa and juniper virginsky Skyrocket). Any mixed plantings and rockeries will successfully complement the spherical and spreading shrubs (for example, Lebanese cedar Nana and yew berry).
Near the garden bench on which you like to relax in the summer, you can plant a weeping Brever fir. On a hot day, she will create a light shade and fill the air with a pleasant pine aroma.
And how do you feel about large-sized trees at their summer cottage? Do you think that they create a unique color in the garden or just "steal" space?