The range of products for the garden is extremely wide: fertilizers, growth stimulants, means of protection from pests and diseases, as well as to combat them. How to understand all this?
Even novice gardeners and gardeners know that plants periodically need to be fed and treated them if they are sick. Fortunately, today there are plenty of various means to combat pests and diseases, as well as various fertilizers in specialized stores. Here is just one problem: you go into the garden center - and your eyes run. Jars, bottles, boxes, bags, tubes ... What is all this for? And, most importantly, what exactly to choose from all this?
Mandatory set of summer resident
Ideally, any summer resident in the farm should have the following list of fertilizers: biohumus, mullein (or other extract from manure, such as flumb or biode), horse manure, bird droppings, ash, potassium monophosphate. As the need arises, humus can be added to the list, as well as green fertilizer and infusions of comfrey and nettle.
2. Growth stimulants
Most often, gardeners and gardeners prefer Epinu and Zircon. These drugs act as "energetics", accelerating the growth of plants. However, you need to be careful with them so that cultures do not become too dose dependent.
It is necessary to take care of the purchase of drugs that promote rapid rooting. These include Cornevin and Heteroauxin.
Growth stimulants should be in every summer medicine chest
3. "Microorganisms in the bottle"
Alirin, Gliokladin. These drugs are designed to combat pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases. At the beginning of the season, it is enough to plant 2 plants of Alirin each around the plants - and the crops will be provided with reliable protection against these diseases. In the case of planting any particularly valuable specimens in the planting pit, you can put 1 tablet Gliokladina.
Fitoderm. The tool is very useful if the site appeared aphid. Phytoverm is a preparation that is quite benign for plants, which, nevertheless, does an excellent job with this aphids.
Lepidocid, Bitoxibacillin. Both tools are ideal in the fight against caterpillars. In addition, the second drug is great for neutralizing the Colorado potato beetle. Its larvae become infected with bacteria and die of starvation.
Phytosporin. This microbiological drug is designed to protect garden, garden, indoor and greenhouse plants from the whole complex of fungal and bacterial diseases. Seasoned gardeners and gardeners recommend buying it in the form of pasta. It is believed that the powder is less effective.
Baikal EM-1. Another microbiological fertilizer, which contains a huge amount of anabiotic (beneficial) effective microorganisms (EM). Sold as a concentrate. For one season, as a rule, 1 liter is enough.
4. Protective means
Copper and inkstone useful for spraying garden crops against diseases at the very beginning of the season (early spring). Flower cultures (mainly roses and phlox) will protect Abiga peak. From plant diseases and gall mites recommended use Tiovit-jet. Also in such cases, use the usual sulfur. Quicklime - an excellent protective agent in the fight against tsvetoyedom. Earthen flea from vegetables otbadyat tobacco dust and ash.
Ash can be not only a good fertilizer, but also a means against pests.
5. Glue traps
To protect greenhouse plants from the whitefly, it is worthwhile to hang up yellow glue traps in greenhouses. Experienced gardeners manage to achieve its effect on the open beds, placing the traps in a horizontal position, and then walking between cultures with a small broom.
Folk remedies from a home first aid kit
To the list of mandatory purchases should be added and non-traditional means, which experienced gardeners have found a rational use. Most of them are customary bottles from the first-aid kit, as well as some necessary means in the household.
Manganese solution they process the bulbs and corms of flowers before planting, soak the seeds of the most diverse crops, “bathe” potatoes, sprinkle strawberries after flowering to prevent diseases. In short, this is the drug that is always desirable to have in hand.
Iodine and Zelenka
These funds from the home kit will be useful in the country economy. Iodine solution (5-10 drops per 10 liters of water) it is good to spray strawberries before flowering. This helps protect it from various diseases and contributes to accelerated growth. Zelenka even in the garden and the garden, it does not change its purpose: it is smeared with wounds, cuts, damaged areas on tubers and bulbs.
Iodine and Zelenka - universal remedies
An indispensable tool for the garden. Began to rot zucchini? Greenhouse tomatoes shocked by the heat? Peppers and eggplants give a bad ovary? Spraying with boric acid solution will help. It is very simple to prepare it: dilute 2 g of boric acid in 500 ml of hot water, mix thoroughly, add water heated to the sun, bringing the solution to 10 liters.
Laundry soap - surprisingly popular among summer residents means. It is added to broths and infusions for viscosity and better adhesion. Soap and greens are sprinkled with soapy water if aphids appear on them. Use it to wash tools and flower pots. In this case, the soapy water remaining after this, you can water the garden and ornamental trees and shrubs.
Equally suitable for gardening and tar soap. It is also added to all sorts of decoctions and infusions designed to combat pests and diseases. In contrast to the economic, tar soap not only provides the composition with good adhesion, but also deters pests.
To begin with, it is good to wash glass of greenhouses and greenhouses with mustard powder, as well as any glass containers. But, in addition to this, they can sprinkle the soil around the host, garden strawberries and those plants that are also subject to attack slugs. Just note that the soil should be dry.
Mustard powder is useful both in the house and in the garden
Baking soda is another universal remedy that is useful both for cleaning garden tools and for prophylactic treatment of plants against powdery mildew. To prepare the solution, you need to dissolve 1 tbsp. baking soda in 4 liters of water and add 0.5 tsp. liquid soap. This composition can be sprayed plants 1 time per week, especially when there is damp weather, beneficial for the rapid spread of powdery mildew.
Flea shampoo for cats and dogs
This tool is useful to have in the household, even if you do not have pets. Inexpensive flea shampoo is needed if you need to wash the window sills after seedlings or damaged plant aphids. And you can also dilute 1 tbsp. funds in 10 liters of water and treat with a solution of indoor and tub plants from insects.
Perhaps, we have compiled the most comprehensive list of drugs that should be on the farm of each practical summer resident. We hope it will be useful for novice gardeners and gardeners, and experienced gardeners will be able to supplement it with their own finds.