Top dressing of red and black currant bushes, as well as gooseberries in the fall - not a whim, but a necessity. After all, over the summer, plants consume a significant amount of nutrients, which is why autumn soil fertilization is so important.
Some beginning gardeners feed the bushes in the spring, hoping in this way to stimulate the plant for a rich harvest. At the same time, when all the berries are harvested, shrubs no longer interest mountain-growers until next year. Meanwhile, autumn dressing currants and gooseberries is of great importance. After all, the plants, already weakened by abundant fruiting, will soon have to withstand frost and icy winter winds. In order for your green pets to endure the coldest time of the year without loss, it is important to feed them correctly, responsibly choosing a fertilizer for currants and gooseberries in the fall.
Fertilizers when planting currants and gooseberries
If this fall you decide to plant gooseberries or currants on your plot, you need to add mineral and organic fertilizers to the planting pit, which will provide the plants with the necessary substances for growth and development for the next 1-2 years. First of all, it is worth mixing in equal proportions the upper fertile layer of soil, taken during the preparation of the pit, with rotten compost. This nutrient mixture is extremely useful to sleep the roots of the seedling.
Also in the planting pit, you can add 0.5 matchbox of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
How to feed gooseberry bushes in the fall
When the harvest is gathered, it's time to start preparing for the winter. Experienced gardeners annually, before the first frosts, carry out a formative and rejuvenating pruning of gooseberry bushes. It is advisable to dig the soil around the plants to a depth of 12 cm (trying not to touch the roots), while at the same time introducing fertilizer.
One of the most suitable fertilizer for autumn berry bushes can be superphosphate. It is introduced in the amount of 1-2 st.l. 1 bush, buried to a depth of 7-10 cm in the radius of the trunk circle. Autumn feeding with superphosphate helps the plants to better resist fungal diseases and frosts, which means that next year they will not waste time on a long recovery and will delight you with early flowering. In addition, with proper fertilization, plants use water more economically, accumulate more sugars in fruits, etc.
- Superphosphate - detailed instructions for applying fertilizerWe will tell you what superphosphate is and why it is super.
Potash fertilizer for autumn feeding of gooseberries can be used potassium sulphate (15-20 g per 1 sq. M).
Also under the gooseberry, as an organic potash fertilizer, once in 3-4 years you can make a liter jar of wood ash.
Humus is also popular with gardeners (up to 1 bucket for each bush). Some people prefer to combine fertilizers, adding 8–15 kg of humus and 40 g of potassium sulfate to each adult bush.
When using humus, a part of it can be embedded in the soil, and a part can be used as a mulching material.
Of organic fertilizers for gooseberry feeding, you can also use chicken manure, diluted in water in the ratio of 1:15 or diluted mullein - 1:10.
The last autumn gooseberry feeding is carried out in late September. After fertilizing the soil around the bushes, it is desirable to mulch, thus providing plant roots with additional protection from frost.
- What can be mulched in the fall - options for every tasteWe offer 10 variants of autumn mulch, thanks to which your heat-loving plants will perfectly tolerate the winter cold.
Top dressing of currants with fertilizers in the fall
Autumn currant feeding is carried out in the third decade of September. As you know, the most important substances in the autumn period for plants are phosphorus and potassium. There is no need to increase the green mass, the growth of the root system and the resistance of plants to adverse weather conditions are becoming much more relevant. Therefore, it is better to forget about nitrogen fertilizers until spring.
Berry bushes respond well to feeding chicken droppings. It can be applied both in dry form for digging (0.8 kg per 1 sq. M) and diluted with water in the ratio of 1:15.
- Fertilize chicken droppings trees and shrubsInstructions for the preparation of fertilizer from chicken manure for garden crops.
It is important not to allow direct contact of the roots of plants with active fertilizer; therefore, they sprinkle a solution of chicken litter between the rows, and the soil is not too deeply dug up to make up the manure of chicken droppings.
Fertilizing plants must be combined with irrigation, otherwise fertilizers can cause roots to burn.
In late October, 0.5 buckets of rotted manure can be added to each currant bush.
In September fertilizer currants can be fed with potassium sulphate (15 g) and superphosphate (30 g per 1 square meter of circle).
It is also good to prepare a complex dressing, adding 10–15 kg of humus, 60 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt to each bush.
- Autumn fertilizers - how to feed the garden, garden and flower garden at the end of the seasonLet us tell you how to enrich the soil so that next year the green pets will continue to please you.
Some gardeners in the autumn sprayed currants with the following composition: 10 liters of water, 3 g of boric acid, 5 g of potassium permanganate, 40 g of copper sulfate.
Of popular methods of feeding currants interesting infusion of the peel of potatoes. Dried peel filled liter jar and pour 10 liters of boiling water. The container is covered with a lid and left in a warm room so that the water cools longer. And then pour infusion of grooves, dug around the perimeter pristvolnyh circles.
Fertilizer application methods
When root feeding berry bushes fertilizers are distributed over the crown projection. They can also be made in small grooves, located 30 cm from the bush. The depth of the grooves - no more than 20 cm.
When granulated fertilizers are applied, it is advisable to embed them in the soil in order to facilitate the plant root system access to beneficial trace elements.
As an alternative to classic organic fertilizers, it is possible to plant siderats (peas, lupins, vetch) from currant bushes and gooseberries. In the fall they are mown and used as mulch.
Siderats: the secrets of using green fertilizer
What siderats can be sown in autumn after harvest