Neatly trimmed lawn makes the site well-groomed and neat. But for lawn grass to become a thick emerald carpet, you need to make some effort.
One of the main procedures, without which it can not do without the maintenance of a lawn, is the regular mowing of grass. It is important to know when the procedure should be carried out, how and under what conditions. First things first.
1. Why mow the lawn?
Of course, the lawn is cut for aesthetic reasons, but this is just one of the reasons. The fact is that so many varieties of lawn grass are of “wild” origin. This means that they are adapted to rapid recovery. That is why the grass cut once begins to actively build up lateral shoots, bush and condense. So, it should be cut regularly. But the compaction of the turf, which occurs as a result, is not at all bad. Thick grass cover and does not allow the weeds to break through.
2. How high should the lawn be cut?
As with any plant, pruning is a significant stress. Of course, the grass recovers quickly, but you need to understand that after shearing, she quickly loses moisture and weakens, which is why she risks getting sick. To prevent this from happening, you should shorten it by no more than 1/3 of the length at a time, and after the procedure, water and feed.
If the grass is cut irregularly and very low, then weeds and mosses can grow on the lawn.
The height of the grass depends on the purpose of the lawn. For example, to create ground lawn (front lawn for open areas) in our climate it is impossible to cut the grass too low (up to 1-2 cm), as is done, say, in England. This will cause the lawn to become very hard and dry quickly. So the most acceptable mowing height in this case is 3-4 cm.
Decorative lawn (landscape gardening) can be mowed to a height of 4-7 cm. Such parameters are suitable for functional lawn - on which they rest, play outdoor games, organize picnics.
There are also sports lawnswhich are not too typical for home gardens. They are intended for playgrounds in which team games are held: football, field hockey or golf. Such sites are sown mainly with cereal grasses, since they are more resistant to trampling, and they cut the lawn to a height of 3-4 cm.
Decorative garden lawn
If in summer the weather is hot and dry, the grass can be cut a little higher than the stated indicators to protect it from drying out.
3. When to make the first lawn mowing?
First lawn mowing should be gentle. Usually it is carried out according to the following scheme: when the grass reaches a height of 12-14 cm, it is cut to 8-10 cm. Then for 2 years you can mow grass to a height of 4-5 cm for 5 years, 5 for functional and landscape gardening lawns. -7 cm. Usually the time of the first haircut is at the end of April - mid-May.
4. How often to mow the lawn during the season?
This question cannot be answered unambiguously, because the intensity of grass regrowth after shearing depends on many conditions: the type of sown grass, the condition of the soil, weather conditions, dressings and the season. Therefore, you should focus on the height of the grass. As soon as the length of the blades of grass begins to exceed the height set for a certain type of lawn by 1.5-2 cm, it is time to cut the lawn.
In the spring, when the grass is actively growing, it has to be mowed on average 1-2 times a week, in the summer - 1 time in 7-10 days. Closer to the autumn mowed grass 1 time in 2 weeks.
If for some reason you haven’t cut the lawn for a long time, and the height of the grass has significantly exceeded the norm, you need to bring it to the required level in several steps. Since, as you remember, the grass can be shortened only by 1/3.
5. How to mow the lawn?
- Before starting to mow grass, remove all foreign objects from the territory: garden furniture, decorative objects, garden tools, children's toys, as well as garbage (branches, stones). For reliability, you can comb the lawn with a rake or a stiff broom.
- The best time to mow a lawn is morning or evening. The day should be warm, but preferably with a little cloudy. In no case should not cut the grass in rainy weather.
- Mowing the lawn with a well-ground blade is an important rule for lawn care. Badly ground knives will knead the grass, and not cut it.
- Grass should be cut parallel stripes. In this case, with each haircut, it is recommended to change the direction of the lawn mower, so that the lawn does not look like a washboard.
- If the lawn is located on an uneven area, the grass on the slope should be cut at an angle to the direction to the slope.
6. How to mow a lawn?
The choice of the unit depends on the area of the lawn, the effect you want to achieve and the composition of the lawn mixture that you sow.
The choice of lawn mowers in gardening stores today is quite large. You can find both the most simple and more complex, fairly cheap and quite expensive.
The most simple - mechanical lawn mowers. They consist of a drum with a cutting element, wheels and handles. They can adjust the level of cut grass, they are quite silent and are much cheaper than other lawn mowers. Yes, and the quality of the haircut, provided that the knives will be well sharpened, it may be even higher than other types of lawn mowers. Although this device has a significant disadvantage: it is rather difficult to work with it, especially in a large area.
Electric Lawn Mowers good in that they are mostly light and compact. Not only a man, but also a woman or a teenager can cope with them. The only drawback of such a mower is its dependence on the power source.
Battery Mowers are a kind of electric. But they are not too convenient and economical, so they are not in great demand and are rarely available for sale.
Gasoline mowers independent of the external power source, which is their undoubted advantage. They are also suitable for processing a large area. However, they are heavier, create a lot of noise and are not cheap.
Trimmer is an effective tool for mowing grass. The device is equipped with a motor that rotates the nylon line so fast that it can cut the grass. Trimmers are divided into 2 main groups depending on the method of power: electric and gasoline.
Mowing the lawn with a trimmer is carried out to mow the grass along the edges of the ground or in places inaccessible to the lawnmower. But you can mow with this tool and the entire lawn completely.
Electric trimmers, like electric lawn mowers, need a power outlet, and their long wire can cling to trees and shrubs. But they are lightweight and great for small areas.
Petrol trimmers more mobile, but also more noisy and heavy. They cost more than electric, but they mow well and are capable of covering large areas.
Lawn shears - the easiest tool for cutting grass. They are used to trim the lawn along the edges of the site or around benches and shrubs, as well as along the fences. Here are just a large area they can not handle.
7. What to do with mowed grass?
Usually, mowed grass should be immediately removed from the trimmed lawn. This is usually done with a rake. But in the hot period, when the lawn is not cut too short, the mowed grass can be evenly distributed throughout the plot and left as mulch, which will help retain moisture in the soil.
8. When and how to conduct the latest lawn mowing?
In the autumn, it is important to properly prepare the lawn for winter, including pre-winter mowing in time. If this is not done, during a cold snap, tall grass will fall on the ground, and in spring, young sprouting will interfere with the germination. In addition, such a lawn is more vulnerable to many diseases.
The last mowing should be carried out approximately 2 weeks before the first frost, on a warm and windless day. Mowing the grass should be 1-2 cm above the norm. Cut grass should be removed.
9. Which lawn does not need a haircut?
If you want to get a trouble-free lawn, you can sow on the plot billowing. This is a low cereal plant that grows no higher than 15 cm in height. Bent on the ground spreads and forms medium-sized bushes. The result is a light green "mat". It looks very neat and rather unusual, as the grass grows in several tiers, and you get a lawn that does not require a haircut. Bass grows quickly, so for a very small period occupies the entire territory reserved for the lawn. At the same time, lawn care is quite simple, because the plant is unpretentious to the composition of the soil and other growing conditions. However, the best of all will be growing on a land drained with fertilizer.
Another lawn option that doesn’t need to be cut regularly is Moorish lawn. To create it, it is enough to buy a special mixture of seeds. Choosing her in the store, try to pick up a mixture with such herbs that grow well in your area. For the Moorish lawn a lot of different types of plants are used: daisies, calendula, poppies, flax, cornflowers, delphinium and others.
And how do you get the idea to create a meadow in the backyard? Meadow grass although it is afraid of trampling, but it is necessary to cut it no more than once a month, and even less often. It is created from a mixture of seeds of low-growing herbs, cereals and legumes. The mixtures may include: fescue, ryegrass, creeping clover, yarrow, Monkeys collar, daisy, chamomile, perennial, hionodoksa.
We answered all the important questions about mowing the lawn, which often arise from summer residents. We hope, now your lawn will always be well-groomed and beautiful.