Which conifers are suitable for alpine slides

Coniferous plants on the alpine hills have a special place. They create an improvised mountain landscape that retains its appeal throughout the year.

A variety of coniferous in size, crown shape and color allows you to create a unique composition of the beauty on the site. What plants should pay attention when creating a unique landscape design.

Assortment of conifers for alpine slides

Coniferous plants intended for rock gardens should not exceed 150 cm in height. For miniature hills, covering an area of ​​up to 10 square meters, it is worth choosing plants up to 80 cm in height. Coniferous trees above 150 cm are considered large and are used extremely rarely, and only in those In cases when more than 50 sq.m.

The most common ornamental conifers recommended for planting on alpine slides include dwarf forms of fir, juniper, thuja, pine and spruce.


The most popular varieties include:

  • Pumilio. It grows so slowly that in 30 years it grows only 100 cm tall. The needles are short, dark green.
  • Winter Gold. Like pine Pumilio, grows slowly, the height of an adult tree is 50 cm. The needles of this pine tree are short and shiny, in the summer light green, by winter it changes to golden.
  • Pug (Mors). The needles of this plant has a bluish-green color. The height of an adult pine and the diameter of its crown are 50 cm.

Pine Winter Gold

Thuja West

Varieties such as Danica and Hoseri, are characterized by the same dark green color of the needles and the shape of the crown in the form of a ball. But they have differences, for example, in size. Also pay attention to the grade Elvanger is golden.

  • Danica Both the diameter of the crown and the height of the adult tui are the same size - 80 cm.
  • Hoseri (Hoseri). Height of an adult plant is only 50 cm, diameter of krone - 60 cm.
  • Elvanger Golden (Elwangerlana Aurea). The adult thuja reaches 100 cm tall. The golden color of the needles becomes bronze by autumn, in the spring - lemon yellow, and the young shoots are pinkish. Such a change of colors favorably distinguishes thuy among other conifers.

Tuya Danika


The following varieties of common spruce are excellent for planting on an alpine hill:

  • Echinformis (Echiniformis). The crown has a pillow shape, the color of the needles is green. With an adult spruce height of 60 cm, the diameter of the crown is 80 cm.
  • Nidiformis (Nidiformis). The crown has a nest depression in the middle, the color of the needles is dark green. The height can reach 1 m, with the diameter of the crown - 2 m.
  • Wills Zwerg. It has a dense crown in the form of a narrow cone. The soft green color of the needles of a young plant darkens with age and turns dark green. The height of spruce reaches 120 cm, with a diameter of 40 cm crown.

El Nidiformis

Spruce canadian

The most famous varieties are:

  • Alberta Globe. Differs in gray-blue color of needles and a dome-shaped form of krone. The height of an adult spruce is 80 cm, the diameter of the crown is 100 cm.
  • Conica. It has the shape of a crown in the form of a clear cone, the color of the needles is green. The height of an adult spruce is 120 cm, the diameter of the crown is 70 cm.

El Alberta Globe


The most common are creeping juniper varieties:

  • Green Carpet. It is only 30 cm tall, with a width of about 1.5 m. The needles are thick, soft, the shoots have a light green color, which darkens over time.
  • Blue Carpet. The plant stands out beautifully against the background of garden greens due to the silver-blue color of the needles. Mature plants have a height of 80 cm, and the diameter of the crown - 1.5 m.

Juniper Blue Carpet


Thanks to the long needles, the fir always stands out among other conifers. For alpine slides suitable stunted varieties.

  • Brilliant. The plant belongs to the dwarf varieties of Korean fir. The needles have a dark green color. The height of the fir reaches only 50 cm, while the diameter of the crown is 80 cm.
  • Oberon (Oberon). Fir has a domed crown. It grows very slowly and can reach a height of 70 cm. The needles are bright green in color, the cones are purple.

Fir Oberon

Planting conifers and care

Coniferous plants in rock gardens can assembleby playing with the contrast of shapes and color of the needles. High species of dwarf conifers are used to create dominants in the composition, while lower ones (up to 50 cm high) and creeping ones are placed in the foreground. Plants up to 80 cm are used as transitions.

When planting conifers in open ground and caring for them, it is important to take into account the biological characteristics of different species.

  • Spruce planted in April or early autumn. The depth of the landing pit - 50 cm. For planting use a mixture of peat, river sand and leaf earth in a ratio of 2: 1: 3. Spruce watering once a week and mulch with peat.
  • Pines planted in March at a depth of 80 cm, while using a mixture of river sand with sod land in the ratio of 1: 2 with the addition of 200 g of lime. Pine watered several times per season. In order for the crown to be more fluffy, pinch the kidneys (this slows down growth).
  • Juniper planted in early spring to a depth of 70 cm. The soil for planting is prepared from peat, river sand and sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. Watering is carried out 3 times per season, and each spring make Nitroammophos with the calculation of 50 g per plant.
  • Fir They are planted on an alpine hill in early spring or early autumn to a depth of 50 cm. A mixture of river sand, peat and leafy earth is prepared for backfilling at a ratio of 1: 1: 3. Fir is regularly watered and mulched with peat.

Creating a rock garden on the site is troublesome, but very exciting! It is worth making a little effort once in the future to enjoy the bewitching view of the alpine slide, created by your own hands.

Watch the video: Climate Change, Mountain Pine Beetles, and Whitebark Pine (November 2019).