In the cold season, indoor flowers are under severe stress due to the short daylight hours, dry air from batteries and ice drafts. But there are ways to make life easier for plants and support them in this difficult period.
Most indoor cultures come from the tropics, where they can enjoy the sun and warmth all year round. In the middle lane, everything is different. Plants have to go to bed. The life processes of many of them slow down, flower buds begin to form. However, external factors do not always contribute to a normal "rest." Here are some rules to follow in the winter if you want to preserve the life and health of your favorite plants!
1. Reduce watering indoor plants in winter
When the light day is reduced, the plants begin to grow more slowly and their need for abundant moisture decreases. Begin gradually reduce watering, taking longer breaks between treatments. At the same time, spill the earth bed completely so that all the roots get moisture. Water use only separated and preferably room temperature.
Before you water the flower, be sure to check how dry the soil is. Touch it with your finger or sneak a little. If the soil is a little wet, you do not need to water it. Flooding plants in winter is very dangerous. If the ground is well dried out, and the plant has begun to lose turgor, dare to water, but afterwards, be sure to drain the water out of the pan so that the roots do not rot.
In winter, the tips of the leaves often dry in indoor plants. The causes of this phenomenon are many, but most often this is due to the low humidity in the room. Hot batteries during the heating season sometimes reduce it to 30%, while plants need at least 65%. To solve the problem, you can use a special humidifier. But there is a way and easier. Place several containers with clean water next to the pots or hang a wet towel on the battery. The moisture will evaporate and the plants will feel much better!
- Why do the tips of leaves dry in indoor plants and how to deal with itDry air - this is what immediately comes to mind when we see the dry tips of houseplants. But not everything revolves around moisture. There are other reasons why yellow or brown spots appear on the leaves.
Plants with large leathery leaves will respond well to regular wiping with a clean cloth. You can also arrange a shower color. Exceptions for such procedures: plants with pubescent leaves (violets, begonias, etc.), succulents and flowering specimens.
2. Provide high-quality lighting for indoor plants.
A sufficient amount of light - one of the conditions for good health of indoor flowers. But if in winter it is quite simple to provide the plants with proper watering, then there are often problems with lighting. Here is what you need to do in this situation:
- put the plants on the lightest window sill in the apartment (south or east);
- Keep the glasses clean: the cleaner they are, the more light gets to the plants;
- Rotate the pot several times a month so that the flower does not stretch out, and all its parts are lit evenly.
If, despite all these rules, the plant turns pale, its leaves become shallow, you will have to buy a fitolamp and carry out additional lighting.
3. Protect indoor plants from overcooling and overheating
An important point in the winter maintenance of plants is the air temperature in the room. It should not fall below 15 ° C, with the exception of tuber crops, which are shown by cold wintering. Most often plants suffer from overheating when they are on the windowsill, under which there is a battery. Therefore, it is desirable that from the heat source to the pot be at least 15-20 cm.
The leaves of indoor plants should not touch the glass, otherwise in frosty weather, the flower can get cold stress, which will affect not only its elevated part, but also the root system. Be sure to warm the window slots, if one blows from them, and place the pots on supports made of foam plastic or wood.
At the time of airing the flowers from the window sill is better to remove, because ice draft is deadly to them. If there are a lot of flowers, or you often ventilate the room, it is better to remove the pots deep into the room and light the fitolamp. Or, if possible, open only those vents next to which there are no plants.
4. Change the mode of feeding indoor plants
Houseplants that are at rest do not need additional feeding. By the beginning of the winter season, gradually reduce the amount of fertilizer applied. It will be possible to resume the procedure only in early spring, when new leaves will appear on the plants. As before, only winter-flowering crops should be fed: Schlyumberger (Decembrist), Kalanchoe, Spathiphyllum, Violet, etc.
Transplanting indoor plants in the winter is also unacceptable. Exception: root rot, when you urgently need to transplant a flower in fresh soil.
- How to feed indoor plants - choose the ideal fertilizer for flowers on the windowsillDo you want your plants to enjoy their healthy look all year round? Then make for them the correct mode of dressing!
5. Protect indoor plants from pests and diseases.
In winter, diseases and pests are just as dangerous for indoor plants as they are in spring or summer. Weakened immunity, crowding, dry air in the room - these and other factors lead to the fact that the flower becomes defenseless against spider mites, aphids or root rot. Often the plants become infected during the summer "rest" on the balcony or cottage.
To reduce the risk of injury, regularly inspect the plants, especially the lower parts of the leaves. Watch the reaction to watering. At the first signs of pest damage, isolate the plant from other flowers and spray with soapy water (30 g of soap per liter of water). If signs of illness appear, send the flower to quarantine and treat with Fitosporin according to the instructions.
Separately tell about the care of certain groups of plants.
How to care for cacti and succulents in winter
Cacti and succulents provide a dry cool wintering with a temperature in the range of 5-12 ° C. To do this, place them on the balcony or loggia. If the plants remain in the apartment, it is necessary to moisten the soil in the pot occasionally, since cacti will lose moisture due to dry air. Water them enough once a month and little by little. Feed completely eliminate. Keep plants away from warm batteries, but they will like them near cold glass. Flowering succulents (kalanchoe, schlyumberger, some types of crassula) water and feed as usual.
How to care for bulbous and tuberous plants in winter
Plants such as gloxinia, hippeastrum, caladium, and amorphophallus, at the end of autumn, drop the above-ground part and enter into a period of rest. At this point, completely stop watering and put the pots of tubers and bulbs in a dark cool place (10-13 ° C). Once a month, you can slightly moisten the soil with warm water around the edge of the pot so that the plants do not wrinkle. Try not to soak the tuber or onion itself.
Young plants sometimes do not hibernate and continue to develop. In this case, they need to ensure proper watering, lighting, protection from temperature fluctuations, as well as diseases and pests.
How to care for flowering plants in winter
Schlumbergera (Decembrist), Kalanchoe, Poinsettia, Anthurium, Phalaenopsis, Spathiphyllum, Azalea, Violet and other plants that bloom in wintertime need good feeding and periodic watering. Be sure to protect the flowers from hypothermia and do not move unnecessarily so that the buds do not crumble.
If you want the window sills not to be covered with pots with stretched, pale or shrunken plants by spring, arrange the proper wintering for the flowers. Reduce watering and fertilizing, regularly humidify the air and protect green pets from drafts and lack of light. Also periodically inspect the leaves and stems for pests that do not reduce their activity in the winter.