7 popular types of magnolia for your garden

From the diversity of types and varieties of magnolia dizzy not less than from its heady aroma. Do not get lost in the milky-pink sea of ​​graceful inflorescences will help our selection.

Luxurious, sophisticated, delightful - all this can be said about magnolia. In early spring, only sakura can compete with the beauty of flowering with it. Spreading trees and shrubs, studded with exquisite buds in a pastel range - a truly enchanting spectacle. And this sweet lemon flavor! Who has seen a blooming magnolia will hardly forget it.

Interestingly, magnolia is not just a useless garden decoration. It can be used with a very practical purpose: you will not believe, but its inflorescences are edible!

This ornamental tree feels well in sunny, protected areas with slightly acidic, moist, but loose soil. Therefore, magnolia perfectly coexists with rhododendrons, heathers and conifers.

If the conditions on your site match this description, think about whether you want to plant a seedling of one of these magnificent types of magnolia?

Magnolia nude or nude (Magnolia denudata)

Nude magnolia is one of the most beautiful of its kind. No wonder the breeders chose her as the "mother" of numerous cultivars (including the popular Magnolia Sulange).

Magnolia is naked due its name to the fact that its inflorescences open on bare branches, even before the appearance of leaves. At home in Japan and China, this may occur at the end of winter, and in the middle lane, usually blooms in April-May.

Inflorescences consist of 9-12 petals and reach 15 cm in length and width. In form, they resemble lilies; therefore, magnolias of this species are sometimes called a lily tree. The color of the petals is usually milky, but there are also varieties with bright flowers.

Leaves in magnolia naked obovate.

Pink inflorescences - in variety Forests Pink (Forrest's Pink), yellow - at Yellow River (Yellow River).

During flowering, this luxurious magnolia will fill your garden with a fresh lemon scent.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
To 10To 10Most often milky-white, up to 15 cm longThe end of April - the beginning of MayDown to -28 ° C

Magnolia stellata

To confuse a star-shaped magnolia with naked is almost impossible. If the last inflorescence is lily-shaped, and the leaves are elongated and rounded, then in the magnolia of this species, fully justifying its name, the flowers have the shape of a star, and the leaves are elongated, narrowly elliptical.

It is one of the most early-flowering and winter-hardy magnolias. It pleases with blossoming flowers from late March to April and is able to withstand frost below -30 ° C.

Inflorescences with a pleasant sweet aroma. Most often they are white, but may be pale or deep pink, yellowish. The number of petals in the inflorescence can reach 40 pieces.

Popular varieties of magnolia stellate: Royal old (Royal Star) with white petals, Gold Star - with cream, Jane platt (Jane Platt) - c pale pink.

Magnolia of this species grows like a lush shrub or small tree. In autumn, the foliage turns yellow and becomes rich in bronze.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
Up to 3.5Until 3White, pink or cream, up to 10 cm in diameterEnd of March - AprilDown to -34 ° C

Magnolia salicifolia (Magnolia salicifolia)

Compared with the two previous types of magnolia, their willow "cousin" is quite thermophilic - at temperatures below -23 ° C it dies. And this means that growing it in the middle lane will not work.

The birthplace of willow magnolia is Japan. Like the nude magnolia, the blossoms of this oriental beauty bloom on bare branches.

The popular name for this species is anise magnolia. It is easy to guess what smell inflorescences, leaves and bark of this tree.

The flowers are shaped like bells. Petals inflorescences creamy hue, sometimes with a pale pink or yellowish spot at the base. Leaves, as well as at a star-shaped magnolia, narrow elliptic.

On the basis of this type of magnolia, various hybrids have been bred, including the Keven magnolia, a favorite of Western gardeners.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
8-108-10White, sometimes pink or cream at the base, with a diameter of 8-15 cmApril - early MayDown to -23 ° C

Magnolia Kobus (Magnolia kobus)

An amateur can easily confuse this magnolia with a magnolia naked: it also blooms before the leaves appear, the inflorescences are quite similar. But an experienced gardener will notice a difference in the shape of the leaves: the magnolia has a wider bus.


The flowering of this tree falls on April-May. During this period, an appetizing aroma of lemon and vanilla will hover in your garden.

Another distinctive feature of this magnolia is an interesting shade of bark: silver in places, dark brown in places, and olive in some places.

Fruits are bright red, cylindrical in shape. Leaves become golden in autumn.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
8-122-4Milky white, up to 12 cm in diameterApril MayDown to -28 ° C

Magnolia Kobus enters the flowering phase only for the 10-15th year of life.

Magnolia Lebner (Magnolia × loebneri)

Magnolia Lebner - a delightful beauty of a hybrid of magnolia cobus and magnolia stellate. The shape of the inflorescences in this species resembles the flowers of a star-shaped "parent".

Popular varieties of this magnolia - Merrill (Merrill), Encore (Encore), Leonard Messel (Leonard Messel).

This is a low, compared with other "relatives", the plant usually does not exceed 6 m in height. Most often, Lebner's magnolia is formed as a multi-stem tree or shrub.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
4-63-5Dairy, pinkish, cream, with a diameter of 10-15 cmApril MayDown to -28 ° C

Magnolia liliiflora (Magnolia liliiflora)

The magnolia of lilia color is one of the most impressive species of this ornamental plant. Her inflorescences, besides the characteristic similarity with lilies, for which she received such a name, are remarkable for their spectacular white and crimson color. Unlike most magnolias, its flowers almost do not emit aroma.

This is a low tree or shrub, in culture does not exceed 5 m.

Magnolia liliacevet blossoms simultaneously with the blooming of leaves, at the end of March - April. The leaves are elongated, wide.

Most often this type of magnolia is found in gardens on the Black Sea coast.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
2-53-5Red-crimson on the outside, white inside, up to 4 cm in diameterMarch, AprilDown to -23 ° C

Magnolia Sulange (Magnolia X soulangeana)

Magnolia Sulanzha - a beautiful hybrid of nude magnolia and magnolia-lilia. From the first he inherited a strong heady aroma, from the second - a two-tone color of the petals (bright purple or pink - outside, white - inside).

The form of inflorescences is also admiring - they look like a bowl. As in the case of bare magnolia, flowers appear on the branches before the leaves.

It affects the diversity of its varieties: Rustika Rubra (Rustica rubra) - with bright pink petals, Lilliputian (Lillyputian) - c pale pink, Alba Superba - with whitish pink, etc.

Magnolia Sulanzha can be grown in containers.

Height (m)Crown width (m)InflorescencesTiming of floweringFrost resistance
2-53-5Pink, purple or crimson outside, white inside, up to 4 cm in diameterApril MayDown to -23 ° C

Inspired by this selection and want to "settle" the beautiful magnolia in your garden? Find out how to create comfortable conditions for it in our material. Is it possible to grow magnolia in the middle lane?


Watch the video: How to Transplant a Very Young Magnolia Tree : Garden Savvy (February 2020).