Hedges were invented in ancient times, but today they do not lose popularity. Learn more about this important element of landscape architecture.
Many believe that the hedge is needed only to delineate the boundaries of the territory. But even if you have successfully successfully fenced off your site from the outside world with the help of a fence made of corrugated board or some other material, it still remains an open question to divide the backyard territory into functional zones. And here the hedges are simply irreplaceable.
How much time does it take to land a hedge? If you compare with the labor costs for the construction of the fence, then, of course, no. But the cost of planting material can vary significantly depending on the type and size of plants. So, for example, the cost of a single row hedge from TUIgrown in containers can be 15–20 times higher than a double row hedge from spiraea califoliagrown in the soil. Using different planting schemes and different planting material, you can create a hedge for any occasion and wallet.
Hedge Planting Patterns
Hedges with landing steps less than a meter Sit in a trench. The trench width for a two-row hedge is the distance between the rows plus 10-30 cm (depending on the size of the root system of the seedlings). At the bottom of the trench should add up to 20% of plant land. If the landing step 1 m and moreit is better to dig holes for each seedling.
Hedge planting layout
The hedge can be high and impassable (for example, double-row hawthorn planted in a checkerboard pattern) or visual symbolic (single row of boxwood with an interval of 1-1.5 m).
Criteria for choosing plants for hedge
Plants for hedges, as a rule, are used those that tolerate a good haircut and have a more or less even habit.
- Conifer: thuja, yew berry, Norway spruce.
- Hardwood: boxwood, shiny cotoneaster, common privet, common hawthorn, hornbeam, white and red deren, Tatar honeysuckle, wrinkled and canine roses, graceful willow, various types of spireas (calinifolia, willow, Vangutta, etc.).
- You can use to create clipped low curbs. lavender and even perennialssuch as mint and lemon balm.
When selecting plants for hedges, an important criterion is cost of planting material, because you need to buy a large number of completely identical plants. The ephedra is always much more expensive than deciduous crops, but the hedge of them retains its appearance throughout almost the whole year and is ideal for registration of the entrance to the house where you live permanently. For planting on the garden plots, which are used only in summer, hedges of deciduous plants are quite suitable.
In winter, with a hedge of thuja and yew, it is necessary to clear the snow. In late winter - early spring, these plants should be covered with spunbond to be protected from sunburn.
Plant saplings for hedge can be grown in the ground and in containers. Planting a hedge is better to carry out in the spring or autumn and take for this is worth seedlings grown in the soil. Copies in containers can be planted throughout the summer, but they are much more expensive.
Planting a hedge
Types of hedges in height
High hedge (2-4 m). If you need a high hedge, you can use hawthorn, hornbeam and thuja smaragd. The distance between seedlings when planting: hawthorn - 1 m, hornbeam -1.5 m, thuja smaragd - 0.5-1 m. Cut the sides should be 2 times a year, and cut the tops for better tillering - until the plants reach the required height and do not grow together into a single plane on the sides. The height of such a fence is more than 1 m.
High fence (hornbeam)
Medium-high fence (1-2 m). To create a hedge fit spirea calinifolia, spirea gray, spirea willow, turf, privet. The width of the green “fence” is up to 1 m. The landing pattern is usually double-rowed; the distance between seedlings is 0.3-0.5 m. It is necessary to cut a medium-high hedge once a month or even more often. The growth rate of plants, as well as the frequency of cutting, depends on the weather.
Medium-high fence (two rows hornbeam)
Low hedges (up to 1 m). In the conditions of a middle band, yew berry, boxwood, graceful willow, all above mentioned spireas (except for kalinolistnoy), privet are suitable for creating low hedges. Landing schemes can be any, the main thing - timely haircut, you can create Topiary. Just do not forget that in the warm climate of the southern regions, yew and boxwood are not shrubs, but trees of the second size, so they are suitable for creating high hedges.
Low fence (box in two rows)
Features care for a hedge
Shrub trim - This is a time-consuming process, time-consuming, therefore, to maintain a hedge in proper form, it is better to use electric or gasoline scissors. Now on sale are many different models, electric shears are cheaper, gasoline shears are more mobile.
Like regular haircuts, hedges are needed regular feeding: 3-4 times during the growing season with a complete complex fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and trace elements (especially magnesium). You can use Kemira or its analogues.
Like most plants, all the above shrubs love well drained fertile moderate soils.
Of all the above plants, the most heat-loving is yew and boxwood. In severe, snowless winters, they can frost up, so they are desirable shelterespecially if the plot is blown.
That's all you need to know about hedges. Do not be afraid to grow them yourself. If you plant the plants correctly and care for them properly, you will have no difficulties with the green fence.