Cauliflower is a rather capricious culture. And even experienced gardeners, who decided to grow it, often fail. What to do to prevent this from happening?
Factors that affect the yield of cauliflower and that need to be considered, quite a lot. Therefore, it is not surprising that gardeners often have many problems with growing this plant. But with all of them you can handle.
The main problems with growing cauliflower:
- cabbage is not tying heads;
- heads tied, but very small, inferior;
- heads reach normal size, but darken and become tasteless;
- heads loose, with a dark fleecy surface;
- heads fall apart;
- cabbage roots rot.
Let's look at each of these problems separately.
Cabbage is not tying heads
The very first reason for this "behavior" of cabbage - poor quality seedlings. It is possible that it was poorly watered or grown in cramped pots with a size of less than 10x10 cm. Weak roots and small leaves hardly start to grow after planting in the ground, the plant lacks strength to set the head.
This can happen with a very early disembarkation without shelter. The heads are not tied at a very low temperature, as, indeed, when the heat is above 25 ° C. The best conditions for the formation of heads - stable weather with a temperature of 18-20˚С. Insufficient watering and feeding, planting in the shade can also cause the lack of heads.
Small underdeveloped heads
As in the previous case, a lot depends on the quality of the cauliflower seedlings. If a plant has small heads tied, it is possible that it lacks fertilizer or moisture. Also, the heads shrink when growing cabbage on the wrong soil. Another common cause is the lack of trace elements such as boron and molybdenum.
The heads are dark and tasteless
It happens that cauliflower develops normal heads, but over time they acquire a brown, dark green or even purple hue, grow coarse and become tasteless. The secret of white delicate heads is that they should not get direct sunlight. Paradoxically, with the overall light-loving cabbage, shading is necessary. To do this, slightly crinkle the side leaves and cover them with the middle with a delicate inflorescence.
Loose, shaggy heads
Cauliflower sometimes forms not a dense head, but divided into separate rigid inflorescences with a fleecy surface. This happens with sharp fluctuations in temperature, with strong prolonged heat or cold. Also the reason may be poor watering or overgrown, thin seedlings.
Heads are scattered
In this case, dense quality heads at some point become loose, divided into inflorescences. The most common reason is that cabbage has simply overgrown. Harvest must be cleaned on time. It is also possible that plants suffer from improper watering or excessive amounts of nitrogen introduced during feeding.
Cabbage roots rot
Cauliflower is moisture-loving. But stagnation of water, especially cold, can provoke root decay. The same thing happens when feeding with fresh manure.
Growing cauliflower in the open field is a painstaking exercise. Some factors affecting the yield do not depend on the gardener at all. Thus, good and tasty cauliflower heads are the result of favorable conditions and tireless labor.