Even if you think that there are no white spots left for you in the preplant preparation of seeds, get acquainted with our material. In its framework, the reader simply describes the personal experience of preparing seeds and the various methods of such processing.
If you have your own, even if only a small area, then you probably plant something on it. Many crops can be planted in the form of seedlings that someone acquires, and someone grows himself. In the second case, we make it from the seeds of a particular culture. But even if you are used to buying seedlings, you will have to deal with seeds anyway, because some crops are planted only in this way. To improve the germination of any seeds, they must be properly processed. This is usually done before planting, one of the processing methods. I am sure that you are not applying all of them, but only some. Let's try to remember all these methods and arrange them in the right sequence regarding the order of application.
So, with the goals of seed treatment, we have already figured out (it increases germination), now let's talk directly about the methods of such treatment. I am sure that everyone has heard about soaking the seeds and many use this simple technique themselves. But besides this simple method of treating seeds, there are still a few that we do not use so widely. We'll talk about them later, but let's start with soaking. Perhaps in this simple process something new will open up for you.
About the simplicity of this method, we have already mentioned. Now let's briefly go through this very "simplicity", that is, find out how to do it correctly. If you choose this method of processing, fold the seeds into a bag of cloth. Fill it only half. Then simply immerse the bag in the water. Do not pour too cold, or, conversely, hot water. Ideal - water at normal room temperature. Hold the bag there for 12-18 hours. Then remove it from the container, the seeds (by the time they should already be well swollen) pour out and spread them out on a thick cloth with a thin layer. From above cover them with the same cloth that you used when soaking. Further, they will need to stand in any warm place. You need to wait until the first seeds begin to bite. When this happens, wind the seeds and start sowing. Soak should be used with those crops whose seeds do not grow very well. It can be carrots, parsley or onions. After this preparation, sow the seeds only in sufficiently moist soil. This method is also suitable for cucumbers.
For soaking the most suitable wide flat dishes
This is also not a very complicated way of treating seeds. It is best to apply it to the stone fruit cultures. These can be zucchini, cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, and also watermelon. Seeds with this method will need to warm up. This is done very simply, keep them warm (40-60 ° C) for no more than 2-4 hours. Hot water can serve as a source of heat, they also do a good job with heating the seeds and heating devices. Warming up accelerates seed germination. In addition, with the development of "heated" crops, they will have short lashes, and they will have much more female flowers. If you apply this method to the seeds of tomatoes, it is unlikely that you will get friendly shoots. However, warming up can increase the immunity of tomatoes against dangerous viruses, which often attack them and lead to diseases.
The method is opposite to heating, and it would seem that it does not contribute to the rapid germination of seeds. However, it should also be used for certain crops, mainly heat-loving: pumpkin or solanaceous. First, just soak the seeds in water. Its temperature should be 18-20 ° C. Hold them in such conditions for 18-24 hours. After that, proceed directly to the procedure of hardening. First, at a sufficiently low temperature (from 0 to 2 ° C), hold the seeds for 10-12 hours. During the day, the temperature should also not be high — no more than 15–20 ° C, a little longer holding time — 12-14 hours. Harden the seeds in this way for 10 days, until they begin to gradually hatch. It sometimes takes 14-15 days.
This word may seem new to someone. Meanwhile, this is the same seed preparation, in which natural conditions are created for them. If we talk about the timing of this process, here everything is determined individually for each type of plant. Accordingly, the stratification can be carried out in different ways.
The fabric should only be slightly covered with water and in no case should it dry up, since the seeds may die.
For a start, be sure to take a natural fabric. Cut it into strips 12 cm wide and 1 m long. Carefully place the seeds in the center of such strips. Do this evenly. Next, fold the edges of these strips to the center, so you close the seeds with them. Afterwards, sprinkle a cloth with water that will not allow the seeds to clump together. Then gently fold all the strips into a roll and wrap it with stainless steel wire. After that, put the rolls in a container of a suitable size and fill them with water. At the same time it will take a little water, as long as it just wets the rolls around the edges. You can pour them, using for this wet moss sphagnum. At the end, put the containers with rolls in the refrigerator. Best of all they will feel on the bottom shelf. It is in this part of the refrigerator that the temperature is kept at around 5 ° C. Sometimes check the humidity of the rolls, as well as the condition of the seeds in them.
Another stratification option: sow the seeds in bowls or containers filled with wet peat soil. After sowing, place containers in plastic bags, where holes should be made for good ventilation.
The method is similar in name to the previous one, but the technology for preparing seeds here is completely different. It is associated with the destruction of the seed coat itself. This can be done in different ways: mechanical (the simplest option), thermal or chemical. If we talk about the mechanical method, the shell is usually frayed with stones, coarse sand, or simply incised. The thermal method is again associated with water, when in the same bag the seeds are dipped first in cold water, and then in hot water. Those seeds in which the shell from this bursts can be sown. When chemical scarification, the shell is usually broken with acids. Such treatment may even be dangerous for the seeds, and for our health. It is conducted only by those who have enough experience for this, and then only in extreme cases.
I hope my personal experience will help you to get healthy and potentially productive seeds. After such preparatory activities, you can be sure that the planting material will not take any diseases with pests, will not spoil the weather conditions.